Tolowa language

Tolowa
Taa-laa-wa Dee-ni’ Wee-ya’
Pronunciation /tʰaːlaːwa teːniʔ weːjaʔ/
Native to USA
Region southwest Oregon
Ethnicity one hundred Chetco (1977); [1] one thousand Tolowa (2000)[ citation needed]
Extinct 1 elderly semispeaker in 2001 [1]
Revival growing number with limited competence
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
tol – Tolowa
ctc – Chetco
Glottolog tolo1259 [2]

The Tolowa language (also called Chetco-Tolowa, or Siletz Dee-ni) is a member of the Pacific Coast subgroup of the Athabaskan language family. Together with three other closely related languages (Lower Rogue River Athabaskan, Upper Rogue River Athabaskan or Galice-Applegate and Upper Umpqua or Etnemitane) it forms a distinctive Oregon Athabaskan cluster within the subgroup.

Geographic distribution

At the time of first European contact Tolowa was spoken in several large and prosperous village communities along the Del Norte County coast in the far northwestern corner of California and along the southern coast of adjacent Curry County, Oregon. Today the term Tolowa (or sometimes Smith River) is used primarily by those residing in California, most of whom are affiliated with Tolowa Dee-ni' Nation. Those residing in Oregon, most of whom are affiliated with the Confederated Tribes of Siletz southwest of Portland, where their ancestors were removed in the 1850s (Beckham 1971), refer to themselves as Chetco, Tututni, or Deeni.

For details of the linguistic documentation of Chetco-Tolowa and a survey of Oregon Athabaskan phonology and grammar, see Golla (2011:70-75).

Other Languages
català: Tolowa
français: Tolowa (langue)
Nederlands: Tolowa (taal)
Nordfriisk: Tolowa spriak
Piemontèis: Lenga tolowa
русский: Толова