Tobacco

Tobacco
DunhillLightFlake.jpg
Tobacco flakes, sliced from pressed plugs
Product nameTobacco
Source plant(s)Nicotiana
Part(s) of plantLeaf
Geographic originSouth America
Active ingredientsNicotine, harmine
UsesRecreational
Legal status
  • AU: Unscheduled
  • CA: Unscheduled
  • UK: 16+ (Public Possession) 18+ (Purchase)
  • US: 18+ only in most states[1]
  • UN: Unscheduled
  • EU: Unscheduled
  • See tobacco control
A historic kiln in Myrtleford, Victoria, Australia
Basma tobacco leaves drying in the sun at Pomak village in Xanthi, Greece

Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them. The plant is part of the genus Nicotiana and of the Solanaceae (nightshade) family. While more than 70 species of tobacco are known, the chief commercial crop is N. tabacum. The more potent variant N. rustica is also used around the world.

Tobacco contains the alkaloid nicotine, which is a stimulant, and harmala alkaloids.[2] Dried tobacco leaves are mainly used for smoking in cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and flavored shisha tobacco. They can also be consumed as snuff, chewing tobacco, dipping tobacco and snus.

Tobacco use is a risk factor for many diseases, especially those affecting the heart, liver, and lungs, as well as many cancers. In 2008, the World Health Organization named tobacco as the world's single greatest preventable cause of death.[3]

Etymology

The English word "tobacco" originates from the Spanish and Portuguese word "tabaco". The precise origin of this word is disputed, but it is generally thought to have derived at least in part, from Taino, the Arawakan language of the Caribbean. In Taino, it was said to mean either a roll of tobacco leaves (according to Bartolomé de las Casas, 1552) or to tabago, a kind of Y-shaped pipe used for sniffing tobacco smoke (according to Oviedo; with the leaves themselves being referred to as cohiba).[4][5]

However, perhaps coincidentally, similar words in Spanish, Portuguese and Italian were used from 1410 to define medicinal herbs believed to have originated from the Arabic طُبّاق ṭubbāq (also طُباق ṭubāq), a word reportedly dating to the 9th century, as a name for various herbs.[6][7]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tabak
Alemannisch: Tabak
አማርኛ: ትምባሆ
Ænglisc: Pīpwēod
العربية: تبغ شائع
aragonés: Tabaco
armãneashti: Tutumi
অসমীয়া: ধঁপাত
asturianu: Tabacu
تۆرکجه: توتون
বাংলা: তামাক
Bahasa Banjar: Timbaku
Bân-lâm-gú: Ta-bá-koh
башҡортса: Тәмәке (сеймал)
беларуская: Тытунь (сыравіна)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тытунь
български: Тютюн
brezhoneg: Butun
буряад: Тамхи
català: Tabac
chiShona: Fodya
Cymraeg: Tybaco
dansk: Tobaksvare
Deitsch: Duwack
Deutsch: Tabak
Ελληνικά: Καπνός (φυτό)
español: Tabaco
Esperanto: Tabako
فارسی: تنباکو
føroyskt: Tubbak
français: Tabac
Frysk: Tabak
Gaeilge: Tobac
한국어: 담배
हिन्दी: तम्बाकू
Ido: Tabako
Ilokano: Tabako
Bahasa Indonesia: Tembakau
íslenska: Tóbak
italiano: Tabacco
Basa Jawa: Bako
ಕನ್ನಡ: ತಂಬಾಕು
ქართული: თამბაქო
қазақша: Темекі
Kiswahili: Tumbaku
Latina: Tabacum
latviešu: Tabaka
lietuvių: Tabakas
Limburgs: Toebak
magyar: Dohány
मैथिली: सुर्ती
മലയാളം: പുകയില
मराठी: तंबाखू
Mirandés: Tabaco
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဆေးလိပ်
Nederlands: Tabak
नेपाली: सुर्ती
नेपाल भाषा: सुर्ति
日本語: たばこ
norsk: Tobakk
norsk nynorsk: Tobakk
Nouormand: P'tun
occitan: Tabat
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tamaki
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤਮਾਕੂ
پنجابی: تماکھو
português: Tabaco
română: Tutun
русский: Табак (сырьё)
Scots: Tabaccae
shqip: Duhani
සිංහල: දුම්කොළ
Simple English: Tobacco
slovenčina: Tabak (produkt)
slovenščina: Tobak
Soomaaliga: Buuri
کوردی: تووتن
српски / srpski: Дуван (производ)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Duvan (proizvod)
suomi: Tupakka
svenska: Tobak
Tagalog: Tabako
தமிழ்: புகையிலை
татарча/tatarça: Тәмәке (чимал)
ไทย: ยาสูบ
ತುಳು: ಪುಗೆರೆ
Türkçe: Tütün
українська: Тютюн (сировина)
اردو: تمباکو
Vahcuengh: Go'ien
Võro: Tubak
West-Vlams: Toebak
Winaray: Tabakò
ייִדיש: טאבאק
粵語: 煙草
žemaitėška: Tabuoks
中文: 烟草
डोटेली: सुर्ती