Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhist doctrine and institutions named after the lands of Tibet, but also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas and much of Central Asia. It derives from the latest stages of Indian Buddhism and preserves "the Tantric status quo of eighth-century India."[1] It has been spread outside of Tibet, especially due to the Mongol power of the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368), founded by Kublai Khan, that also ruled China.

Tibetan Buddhism applies Tantric practices, especially deity yoga, and aspires to Buddhahood or the rainbow body.[2] Tibetan Buddhism in Tibet has four major schools, namely Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya and Gelug (developed out of Sakya). The Jonang is a smaller school, and the Rimé movement is an eclectic movement involving the Sakya, Kagyu and Nyingma schools. Among the prominent proponents of Tibetan Buddhism are the Dalai Lama and Panchen Lama, the leaders of Gelug school in Tibet.


Westerners unfamiliar with Tibetan Buddhism initially turned to China for an understanding. There the term used was "lamaism" (literally, "doctrine of the lamas": lama jiao) to distinguish it from a then-traditional Chinese form (fo jiao). The term was taken up by western scholars including Hegel, as early as 1822.[3] Insofar as it implies a discontinuity between Indian and Tibetan Buddhism, the term has been discredited.[4]

Another term, "Vajrayāna" is occasionally used mistakenly for Tibetan Buddhism. More accurately, it signifies a certain subset of practices included in, not only Tibetan Buddhism, but other forms of Buddhism as well.

The native Tibetan term for all Buddhism is "doctrine of the internalists" (nang-pa'i chos: …of those who emphasise introspection).

In the west, the term "Indo-Tibetan Buddhism" has become current, in acknowledgement of its derivation from the latest stages of Buddhist development in northern India.[5]

Other Languages
العربية: بوذية تبتية
asturianu: Budismu tibetanu
azərbaycanca: Tibet buddizmi
Bân-lâm-gú: Se-chōng Hu̍t-kàu
Esperanto: Tibeta budhismo
한국어: 티베트 불교
Bahasa Indonesia: Agama Buddha di Tibet
latviešu: Lamaisms
lietuvių: Tibeto budizmas
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တိဗက်ဗုဒ္ဓဘာသာ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tibet Buddizmi
português: Budismo tibetano
română: Budism tibetan
Simple English: Tibetan Buddhism
slovenčina: Tibetský budhizmus
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tibetanski budizam
Türkçe: Tibet Budizmi
Tiếng Việt: Phật giáo Tây Tạng
中文: 藏傳佛教