Thomas Sumter

Thomas Sumter
Portrait by Rembrandt Peale (c. 1795)
United States Senator
from South Carolina
In office
December 15, 1801 – December 16, 1810
Preceded byCharles Pinckney
Succeeded byJohn Taylor
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1797 – December 15, 1801
Preceded byRichard Winn
Succeeded byRichard Winn
In office
March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1793
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byRichard Winn
Personal details
Born(1734-08-14)August 14, 1734
Hanover County Province of Virginia
DiedJune 1, 1832(1832-06-01) (aged 97)
near Stateburg, South Carolina
Resting placeThomas Sumter Memorial Park, Sumter County, South Carolina
Military service
Allegiance Great Britain (1755–1776)
United States (1776–onward)
Service/branchVirginia provincial militia
South Carolina state militia
Years of serviceVirginia Virginia provincial militia: 1755
South Carolina South Carolina state militia: 1776–1781
RankUS-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier General
CommandsSouth Carolina Second Regiment of the South Carolina Line
American Revolutionary War

Thomas Sumter (August 14, 1734 – June 1, 1832) was a soldier in the Colony of Virginia militia; a brigadier general in the South Carolina militia during the American War of Independence, a planter, and a politician. After the United States gained independence, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives and to the United States Senate, where he served from 1801 to 1810, when he retired. Sumter was nicknamed the "Carolina Gamecock," for his fierce fighting style against British soldiers after they burned down his house during the Revolution.

Family life

Thomas Sumter was born in Hanover County, Province of Virginia.[1] Little is known of his parentage.[2] Given just a rudimentary education on the frontier, the young Sumter served in the Virginia militia.[1]

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