The Simpsons

The Simpsons
The Simpsons Logo.svg
Simpsons FamilyPicture.png
The Simpson family. From left to right: Bart, Marge, Santa's Little Helper (dog), Maggie, Homer, Lisa, and Snowball II (cat).
GenreAnimated sitcom
Created byMatt Groening
Based onThe Simpsons shorts
by Matt Groening
Developed by
Voices of
Theme music composerDanny Elfman
Opening theme"The Simpsons Theme"
Composer(s)Richard Gibbs (1989–1990)
Alf Clausen (1990–2017)
Bleeding Fingers Music (2017–present)
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons31
No. of episodes674 (list of episodes)
Executive producer(s)
Running time21–24 minutes
Production company(s)
Distributor20th Television
Original networkFox
Picture format480i (1989–2009)
1080i (HDTV) (2009–present)
Audio formatStereo (1989–1991)
Dolby Surround 2.0 (1991–2009)
Dolby Digital 5.1 (2009–present)
Original releaseDecember 17, 1989 (1989-12-17) –
Preceded byThe Simpsons shorts from Official website

The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.[1][2][3] The series is a satirical depiction of working-class life, epitomized by the Simpson family, which consists of Homer, Marge, Bart, Lisa, and Maggie. The show is set in the fictional town of Springfield and parodies American culture and society, television, and the human condition.

The family was conceived by Groening shortly before a solicitation for a series of animated shorts with producer James L. Brooks. Groening created a dysfunctional family and named the characters after his own family members, substituting Bart for his own name. The shorts became a part of The Tracey Ullman Show on April 19, 1987. After three seasons, the sketch was developed into a half-hour prime time show and became Fox's first series to land in the Top 30 ratings in a season (1989–90).

Since its debut on December 17, 1989, 674 episodes of The Simpsons have been broadcast. It is the longest-running American sitcom, and the longest-running American scripted primetime television series, both in terms of seasons and number of episodes. The Simpsons Movie, a feature-length film, was released in theaters worldwide on July 27, 2007, and grossed over $527 million. Then on October 30, 2007, a video game was released. The Simpsons was renewed on February 6, 2019 for a thirty-first and thirty-second season.[4] The former began airing September 29, 2019 and will conclude in March, 2020, and the latter of which will contain the 700th episode. The Simpsons is a joint production by Gracie Films and 20th Century Fox Television and syndicated by 20th Television.[5]

The Simpsons received acclaim throughout its first nine[6][7] or ten[8][9] seasons, which are generally considered its "Golden Age". Time named it the 20th century's best television series,[10] and Erik Adams of The A.V. Club named it "television's crowning achievement regardless of format".[11] On January 14, 2000, the Simpson family was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. It has won dozens of awards since it debuted as a series, including 34 Primetime Emmy Awards, 34 Annie Awards, and a Peabody Award. Homer's exclamatory catchphrase "D'oh!" has been adopted into the English language, while The Simpsons has influenced many other later adult-oriented animated sitcoms. However, it has also been criticized for a perceived decline in quality over the years.



The Simpsons is known for its wide ensemble of main and supporting characters.

The main characters are the Simpson family, who live in a fictional "Middle America" town of Springfield.[12] Homer, the father, works as a safety inspector at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant, a position at odds with his careless, buffoonish personality. He is married to Marge Bouvier, a stereotypical American housewife and mother. They have three children: Bart, a ten-year-old troublemaker and prankster; Lisa, a precocious eight-year-old activist; and Maggie, the baby of the family who rarely speaks, but communicates by sucking on a pacifier. Although the family is dysfunctional, many episodes examine their relationships and bonds with each other and they are often shown to care about one another.[13] Homer's dad Grampa Simpson lives in the Springfield Retirement Home after Homer forced his dad to sell his house so that his family could buy theirs. Grampa Simpson has had starring roles in several episodes.

The family also owns a dog, Santa's Little Helper, and a cat, Snowball V, renamed Snowball II in "I, (Annoyed Grunt)-Bot".[14] Both pets have had starring roles in several episodes.

The Simpsons sports a vast array of secondary and tertiary characters.

The show includes an array of quirky supporting characters, which include Homer's co-workers (also friends) Lenny Leonard and Carl Carlson, the school principal Seymour Skinner and teachers Edna Krabappel and Elizabeth Hoover, neighbor Ned Flanders, friends Barney Gumble, Apu Nahasapeemapetilon, Moe Szyslak, Milhouse Van Houten, and Nelson Muntz, extended relatives Patty and Selma Bouvier, townspeople such as Mayor Quimby, Chief Clancy Wiggum, tycoon Charles Montgomery Burns and his executive assistant Waylon Smithers, and local celebrities Krusty the Clown and news reporter Kent Brockman.

The creators originally intended many of these characters as one-time jokes or for fulfilling needed functions in the town. A number of them have gained expanded roles and subsequently starred in their own episodes. According to Matt Groening, the show adopted the concept of a large supporting cast from the comedy show SCTV.[15]

Continuity and the floating timeline

Despite the depiction of yearly milestones such as holidays or birthdays passing, the characters do not age between episodes (either physically or in stated age), and generally appear just as they did when the series began. The series uses a floating timeline in which episodes generally take place in the year the episode is produced even though the characters do not age. Flashbacks and flashforwards do occasionally depict the characters at other points in their lives, with the timeline of these depictions also generally floating relative to the year the episode is produced. For example, in the 1991 episode "I Married Marge", Bart (who is always 10 years old) appears to be born in 1980 or 1981. But in the 1995 episode "And Maggie Makes Three", Maggie (who always appears to be around 1 year old) appears to be born in 1993 or 1994. In the 1992 episode "Lisa's First Word", Lisa (who is always 8) is shown to have been born in 1984.

A canon of the show does exist, although Treehouse of Horror episodes and any fictional story told within the series are typically non-canon. However, continuity is inconsistent and limited in The Simpsons. For example, Krusty the Clown may be able to read in one episode, but may not be able to read in another. Lessons learned by the family in one episode may be forgotten in the next. Some examples of limited continuity include Sideshow Bob's appearances where Bart and Lisa flashback at all the crimes he committed in Springfield or when the characters try to remember things that happened in previous episodes.


The Simpsons takes place in the fictional American town of Springfield in an unknown and impossible-to-determine U.S. state. The show is intentionally evasive in regard to Springfield's location.[16] Springfield's geography, and that of its surroundings, contains coastlines, deserts, vast farmland, tall mountains, or whatever the story or joke requires.[17] Groening has said that Springfield has much in common with Portland, Oregon, the city where he grew up.[18] The name "Springfield" is a common one in America and appears in at least 29 states.[19] Groening has said that he named it after Springfield, Oregon, and the fictitious Springfield which was the setting of the series Father Knows Best. He "figured out that Springfield was one of the most common names for a city in the U.S. In anticipation of the success of the show, I thought, 'This will be cool; everyone will think it's their Springfield.' And they do."[20]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Симпсонхэр
Afrikaans: The Simpsons
Alemannisch: Die Simpsons
Ænglisc: The Simpsons
العربية: ذا سيمبسونز
aragonés: Os Simpson
asturianu: The Simpsons
Avañe'ẽ: The Simpsons
azərbaycanca: Simpsonlar
تۆرکجه: سیمپسونلار
Bân-lâm-gú: The Simpsons
беларуская: Сімпсаны
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сымпсаны
भोजपुरी: द सिम्पसन्स
Boarisch: Die Simpsons
བོད་ཡིག: སིམ་བུ་སན།
bosanski: Simpsoni
brezhoneg: The Simpsons
català: Els Simpson
Cebuano: The Simpsons
čeština: Simpsonovi
Cymraeg: The Simpsons
Deutsch: Die Simpsons
eesti: Simpsonid
Ελληνικά: The Simpsons
emiliàn e rumagnòl: The Simpsons
эрзянь: Симпсонтнэ
español: Los Simpson
Esperanto: La Simpsonoj
estremeñu: Los Simpson
euskara: The Simpsons
français: Les Simpson
Gaeilge: The Simpsons
galego: The Simpsons
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: The Simpsons
한국어: 심슨 가족
հայերեն: Սիմփսոնները
hrvatski: Simpsoni
Bahasa Hulontalo: The Simpsons
Bahasa Indonesia: The Simpsons
interlingua: The Simpsons
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐊᓯᒪᐲᓲᓃᑦ
italiano: I Simpson
Kapampangan: The Simpsons
ქართული: სიმფსონები
қазақша: Симпсондар
Kiswahili: The Simpsons
Kreyòl ayisyen: Les Simpson
Кыргызча: Симпсондор
Latina: The Simpsons
latviešu: Simpsoni
Lëtzebuergesch: The Simpsons
lietuvių: Simpsonai
Ligure: The Simpsons
lumbaart: The Simpsons
македонски: Симпсонови
Malagasy: The Simpsons
മലയാളം: ദ സിംസൺസ്
Bahasa Melayu: The Simpsons
Mirandés: The Simpsons
Nāhuatl: The Simpsons
Na Vosa Vakaviti: The Simpsons
Nederlands: The Simpsons
Nedersaksies: The Simpsons
नेपाल भाषा: द सिम्प्सन्‌स्
нохчийн: Симпсонаш
norsk: Simpsons
norsk nynorsk: Simpsons
occitan: The Simpsons
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: The Simpsons
پښتو: سمپسنز
polski: Simpsonowie
português: Os Simpsons
Ripoarisch: D Simpsons
română: Familia Simpson
Runa Simi: Nos Simpsons
русский: Симпсоны
саха тыла: The Simpsons
संस्कृतम्: द सिम्प्सन्स्
shqip: Simpsons
sicilianu: Li Simpson
Simple English: The Simpsons
slovenčina: Simpsonovci
slovenščina: Simpsonovi
Soomaaliga: The Simpsons
српски / srpski: Симпсонови
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: The Simpsons
suomi: Simpsonit
svenska: Simpsons
Tagalog: The Simpsons
Taqbaylit: The Simpsons
татарча/tatarça: Симпсоннар
Türkçe: Simpsonlar
українська: Сімпсони
vèneto: The Simpsons
Tiếng Việt: The Simpsons
Volapük: The Simpsons
文言: 辛普森家
West-Vlams: The Simpsons
Winaray: The Simpsons
ייִדיש: די סימפסאנס
粵語: 阿森一族