The Maritimes

The Maritimes
Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia, an archetypal classic Maritime scene
Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia, an archetypal classic Maritime scene
Map of Maritime Provinces
Map of Maritime Provinces
Country Canada
ProvincesNew Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island
 • Total130,017.11 km2 (50,199.89 sq mi)
 • Total1,813,606
 • Density14/km2 (36/sq mi)

The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces (French: Provinces maritimes) or the Canadian Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI). The Maritimes had a population of 1,813,606 in 2016.[1] The Maritimes, together with Canada's easternmost province, Newfoundland and Labrador, make up the region of Atlantic Canada.

Located along the Atlantic coast, various aquatic sub-basins are located in the Maritimes, such as the Gulf of Maine and Gulf of St. Lawrence. The region is located northeast of New England, southeast of Quebec's Gaspé Peninsula, and southwest of the island of Newfoundland. The notion of a Maritime Union has been proposed at various times in Canada's history; the first discussions in 1864 at the Charlottetown Conference contributed to Canadian Confederation which instead formed the larger Dominion of Canada. The Mi'kmaq, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy people are indigenous to the Maritimes, while Acadian and British settlements date to the 17th century.


The Maritimes: New Brunswick (green), Nova Scotia (blue) and Prince Edward Island (red)

The word maritime is an adjective that simply means "of the sea", thus any land associated with the sea can be considered a maritime state or province (all provinces of Canada except Alberta and Saskatchewan border the sea). Nonetheless, the term "Maritimes" has historically been collectively applied to New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, all of which border the Atlantic Ocean. In other provinces except Newfoundland & Labrador and British Columbia human settlement along the sea is sparse, since the Hudson Bay area is northerly and has a severe climate, with the majority of the populations of Ontario, Quebec and Manitoba residing far inland.

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