The Bahamas

Commonwealth of The Bahamas
Motto: "Forward, Upward, Onward, Together"
Location of The Bahamas
Location of The Bahamas
Capital
and largest city
Nassau
25°4′N 77°20′W / 25°4′N 77°20′W / 25.067; -77.333
Official languagesEnglish
Vernacular languageCreole
Ethnic groups (2016)92.7% African
4.7% European
2.1% Mixed
1.9% Other[1][2]
DemonymBahamian
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy[3][4]
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Dame Marguerite Pindling
Hubert Minnis
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Assembly
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
10 July 1973[5]
Area
• Total
13,878 km2 (5,358 sq mi) (155th)
• Water (%)
28%
Population
• 2016 estimate
391,232[6] (177th)
• 2010 census
351,461
• Density
25.21/km2 (65.3/sq mi) (181st)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$9.792 billion[7]
• Per capita
$26,005[7]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$9.529 billion[7]
• Per capita
$25,306[7]
HDI (2017)Increase 0.807[8]
very high · 54th
CurrencyBahamian dollar (BSD)
(US dollars widely accepted)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−4 (EDT)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1 242
ISO 3166 codeBS
Internet TLD.bs
  1. ^ Also referred to as Bahamian dialect or Bahamianese[9]

The Bahamas (z/ (About this sound listen)), known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas,[10] is a country within the Lucayan Archipelago. The archipelagic state consists of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, and is located north of Cuba and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands, southeast of the United States state of Florida, and east of the Florida Keys. The capital is Nassau on the island of New Providence. The designation of "the Bahamas" can refer either to the country or to the larger island chain that it shares with the Turks and Caicos Islands. The Royal Bahamas Defence Force describes the Bahamas territory as encompassing 470,000 km2 (180,000 sq mi) of ocean space.

The Bahamas is the site of Columbus's first landfall in the New World in 1492. At that time, the islands were inhabited by the Lucayan, a branch of the Arawakan-speaking Taino people. Although the Spanish never colonised The Bahamas, they shipped the native Lucayans to slavery in Hispaniola. The islands were mostly deserted from 1513 until 1648, when English colonists from Bermuda settled on the island of Eleuthera.

The Bahamas became a British crown colony in 1718, when the British clamped down on piracy. After the American War of Independence, the Crown resettled thousands of American Loyalists in the Bahamas; they brought their slaves with them and established plantations on land grants. Africans constituted the majority of the population from this period. The slave trade was abolished by the British in 1807; slavery in the Bahamas was abolished in 1834. Subsequently, the Bahamas became a haven for freed African slaves; the Royal Navy resettled Africans there liberated from illegal slave ships, North American slaves and Seminoles escaped here from Florida, and the government freed slaves carried on US domestic ships that had reached the Bahamas due to weather. Today, Afro-Bahamians make up nearly 90% of the population.

The Bahamas became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1973, retaining the British monarch, then and currently Queen Elizabeth II, as its head of state. In terms of gross domestic product per capita, The Bahamas is one of the richest countries in the Americas (following the United States and Canada), with an economy based on tourism and finance.[11]

Etymology

The name Bahamas is most likely derived from either the Taíno ba ha ma ("big upper middle land"), which was a term for the region used by the indigenous Native Americans,[12] or possibly from the Spanish baja mar ("shallow water or sea" or "low tide") reflecting the shallow waters of the area. Alternatively, it may originate from Guanahani, a local name of unclear meaning.[13]

A peculiarity of the name is that the word The is a formal part of the abbreviated name and is, therefore, capitalised. So in contrast to "the Congo" and "the United Kingdom", it is proper to write "The Bahamas".

Other Languages
Acèh: Bahama
Afrikaans: Bahamas
Alemannisch: Bahamas
አማርኛ: ባሃማስ
العربية: باهاماس
aragonés: Bahamas
armãneashti: Bahamas
arpetan: Bahamas
asturianu: Les Bahames
Avañe'ẽ: Vaamakuéra
Aymar aru: Bahamas
azərbaycanca: Baham adaları
تۆرکجه: باهاما
bamanankan: Bahamasi
Bân-lâm-gú: Bahamas
башҡортса: Багам Утрауҙары
беларуская: Багамскія Астравы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Багамы
भोजपुरी: बहामास
Bikol Central: Bahamas
Boarisch: Bahamas
བོད་ཡིག: བ་ཧ་མཱ་སི།
bosanski: Bahami
brezhoneg: Bahamas
català: Bahames
Cebuano: Bahamas
čeština: Bahamy
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Bahamas
chiShona: The Bahamas
Cymraeg: Y Bahamas
dansk: Bahamas
davvisámegiella: Bahama
Deutsch: Bahamas
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބަހާމަސް
dolnoserbski: Bahamy
डोटेली: बहामस
eesti: Bahama
Ελληνικά: Μπαχάμες
español: Bahamas
Esperanto: Bahamoj
estremeñu: Baamas
euskara: Bahamak
eʋegbe: Bahamas
فارسی: باهاما
Fiji Hindi: Bahamas
føroyskt: Bahamaoyggjar
français: Bahamas
Frysk: Bahama's
Gaeilge: Na Bahámaí
Gagauz: Bahamalar
galego: Bahamas
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: बहामाज
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Bahamas
한국어: 바하마
हिन्दी: बहामास
hornjoserbsce: Bahamy
hrvatski: Bahami
Ido: Bahama
Ilokano: Bahamas
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: বাহামা
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahama
interlingua: Bahamas
íslenska: Bahamaeyjar
italiano: Bahamas
עברית: איי בהאמה
Basa Jawa: Bahama
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬಹಾಮಾಸ್
Kapampangan: Bahamas
kernowek: Ynysow Bahama
Kinyarwanda: Bahamasi
Kiswahili: Bahamas
Kreyòl ayisyen: Bahamas
kurdî: Bahama
кырык мары: Багамвлӓ
Ladino: Bahamas
latviešu: Bahamu Salas
Lëtzebuergesch: Bahamas
lietuvių: Bahamos
Ligure: Bahamas
Limburgs: Bahama's
lingála: Bahamas
Lingua Franca Nova: Bahamas
Livvinkarjala: Bagamat
lumbaart: Bahamas
मैथिली: द बहामस
македонски: Бахами
Malagasy: Bahamasy
മലയാളം: ബഹാമാസ്
Malti: Baħamas
मराठी: बहामास
მარგალური: ბაჰამიშ კოკეფი
مصرى: باهاماس
مازِرونی: باهاما
Bahasa Melayu: Bahamas
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bahamas
Mirandés: Bahamas
монгол: Бахам
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘဟားမားနိုင်ငံ
Dorerin Naoero: Bahamat
Nederlands: Bahama's
नेपाली: बहामस
नेपाल भाषा: बहामास
日本語: バハマ
Nordfriisk: Bahaamas
Norfuk / Pitkern: Bahaamas
norsk: Bahamas
norsk nynorsk: Bahamas
Novial: Bahamas
occitan: Bahamas
олык марий: Багама
Oromoo: Bahamaas
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bagamalar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਹਾਮਾਸ
पालि: बहामास
پنجابی: باہاما
Papiamentu: Bahamas
Patois: Ba'aamaz
Piemontèis: Bahamas
Plattdüütsch: Bahamas
polski: Bahamy
português: Bahamas
qırımtatarca: Bahamalar
română: Bahamas
rumantsch: Bahamas
Runa Simi: Bahamakuna
русиньскый: Багамы
संस्कृतम्: बहामास
Seeltersk: Bahamas
shqip: Bahamet
sicilianu: Bahamas
සිංහල: බහමාස්
Simple English: The Bahamas
سنڌي: بهاماس
SiSwati: IBhahamasi
slovenčina: Bahamy
slovenščina: Bahami
ślůnski: Bahamy
Soomaaliga: Bahamas
کوردی: بەھاما
српски / srpski: Бахаме
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bahami
Basa Sunda: Bahama
suomi: Bahama
svenska: Bahamas
Tagalog: Bahamas
தமிழ்: பகாமாசு
Taqbaylit: Bahamas
татарча/tatarça: Багамалар
తెలుగు: బహామాస్
tetun: Bahamas
Türkçe: Bahamalar
Türkmençe: Bagama Adalary
українська: Багамські Острови
اردو: بہاماس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: باھاما
Vahcuengh: Bahamas
vèneto: Bahamas
vepsän kel’: Bagaman Sared
Tiếng Việt: Bahamas
Volapük: Bahamuäns
Võro: Bahama
文言: 巴哈馬
Winaray: Bahamas
Wolof: Bahamas
吴语: 巴哈馬
ייִדיש: באהאמאס
粵語: 巴哈馬
Zazaki: Bahama
Zeêuws: Bahama's
žemaitėška: Bahamas
中文: 巴哈马