Tham Luang Nang Non

Tham Luang Nang Non
Tham Luang
Tham Nam Cham
Tham Yai
Rescue equipment in Tham Luang entrance chamber (cropped).jpg
Cave entrance in 2018
Map showing the location of Tham Luang Nang Non
Map showing the location of Tham Luang Nang Non
LocationTham Luang–Khun Nam Nang Non Forest Park, Mae Sai, Chiang Rai Province, Thailand
Coordinates20°22′54″N 99°52′06″E / 20°22′54″N 99°52′06″E / 20.38167; 99.86833
Depth85 metres (279 ft)
Length10.3 kilometres (6.4 mi)
Elevation446 metres (1,463 ft)
GeologyKarst cave
HazardsMonsoon flooding
AccessTours available (Nov – June)
LightingNone (before the rescue operation)[1]

Tham Luang Nang Non (Thai: ถ้ำหลวงนางนอน, lit. 'Great Cave of the Sleeping Lady', pronounced [tʰâm lǔaŋ nāːŋ nɔ̄ːn]) is a karstic cave system in the Tham Luang–Khun Nam Nang Non Forest Park, near the village of Pong Pha, in northern Thailand.[2] It lies beneath Doi Nang Non, a mountain range on the border with Myanmar.

On 2 July 2018, the cave was brought to international prominence when twelve members of a junior association football team and their assistant coach were found deep inside the cave. They had become trapped due to monsoonal flooding on 23 June. A rescue effort succeeded in bringing them out safely by 10 July. One Thai rescue diver died in the attempt.

Description

Name

The cave is also known as Tham Luang (Thai: ถ้ำหลวง, lit. 'great cave'), Tham Nam Cham (Thai: ถ้ำน้ำจำ, lit. 'Nam Cham cave'), and Tham Yai (Thai: ถ้ำใหญ่, lit. 'big cave').[2] Since 'Tham' means 'cave', the commonly used phrase Tham Luang cave is tautological.

Geology

External images
Map, from above, of the Tham Luang cave system, provided by Map, side view, of the Tham Luang cave system, provided by Deutsche Welle

The cave's main entrance chamber is 80 metres (260 ft) long.Cite error: The opening <ref> tag is malformed or has a bad name (see the help page). There is a permanent stream inside the cave, which enters from the west, flows with the passage for several metres, and exits via the eastern wall.[2] A team of French cavers made the first survey of Tham Luang's main cave in 1986 and 1987. Further surveys were done in 2014 and 2015 by the British cavers Vern Unsworth, Martin Ellis, Phil Collett, and Rob Harper.[3][4][5]

Tourism

A visitor centre outside the main entrance has a detailed map of the cave.[2] There is a car park nearby. The first 1 kilometre (0.6 mi) of the cave is open to the public for guided tours between November and June.[1] The cave floods during rainy season and is closed to visitors.[1]