Tenerife

Tenerife
Island
Clockwise from top: Dracaena draco, Roques de Anaga, Teide National Park, Traditional Canarian house and Auditorio de Tenerife.
Clockwise from top: Dracaena draco, Roques de Anaga, Teide National Park, Traditional Canarian house and Auditorio de Tenerife.
Map showing location of Tenerife
Map showing location of Tenerife
Coordinates: 28°16′7″N 16°36′20″W / 28°16′7″N 16°36′20″W / 28.26861; -16.60556
Satellite photography of Tenerife.

Tenerife (f/; Spanish: [teneˈɾife]) is the largest and most populated island of the seven Canary Islands.[2] It is also the most populated island of Spain,[2] with a land area of 2,034.38 square kilometres (785 sq mi) and 904,713 inhabitants,[3] 43 percent of the total population of the Canary Islands.[2]Tenerife is the largest and most populous island of Macaronesia.[4]

Approximately five million tourists visit Tenerife each year, the most visited island of the archipelago.[5] It is one of the most important tourist destinations in Spain,[6] hosting one of the world's largest carnivals, the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife.

Tenerife is served by two airports, Tenerife-North Airport and Tenerife-South Airport. Tenerife is the economic capital of the Canary Islands.[7][8][9][10]

The capital of the island, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, is also the seat of the island council (cabildo insular). The city is capital of the autonomous community of Canary Islands (shared with Las Palmas de Gran Canaria), sharing governmental institutions such as presidency and ministries. Between the 1833 territorial division of Spain and 1927, Santa Cruz de Tenerife was the sole capital of the Canary Islands. In 1927 the Crown ordered that the capital of the Canary Islands be shared, as it remains at present.[11][12] Santa Cruz contains the modern Auditorio de Tenerife, the architectural symbol of the Canary Islands.[13][14]

The island is home to the University of La Laguna; founded in 1792 in San Cristóbal de La Laguna, it is the oldest university in the Canaries. The city of La Laguna is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the second city most populated on the island and the third in the archipelago. It was capital of the Canary Islands before Santa Cruz replaced it in 1833.[15]

Teide National Park is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is located in the center of the island. In it, the Mount Teide rises as the highest elevation of Spain, the highest of the islands of the Atlantic Ocean, and the third-largest volcano in the world from its base.[16] Also on the island, the Macizo de Anaga (massif) has been a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve since 2015.[17] It has the largest number of endemic species in Europe.[17]

Toponymy

The island's indigenous people, the Guanche Berbers, referred to the island as Achinet or Chenet in their language (variant spellings are found in the literature). According to Pliny the Younger, Berber king Juba II sent an expedition to the Canary Islands and Madeira; he named the Canary Islands for the particularly ferocious dogs (canaria) on the island.[18] Juba II and Ancient Romans referred to the island of Tenerife as Nivaria, derived from the Latin word nix (nsg.; gsg. nivis, npl. nives), meaning snow, referring to the snow-covered peak of the Teide volcano.[19] Later maps dating to the 14th and 15th century, by mapmakers such as Bontier and Le Verrier, refer to the island as Isla del Infierno, literally meaning "Island of Hell," referring to the volcanic activity and eruptions of Mount Teide.

The Benahoaritas (natives of La Palma) are said to have named the island, deriving it from the words teni ("mountain") and ife ("white").[citation needed] After colonisation, the Hispanisation of the name resulted in adding the letter "r" to unite both words, producing Tenerife.[20][21]

However, throughout history there have been other explanations to reveal the origin of the name of the island. For example, the 18th-century historians Juan Núñez de la Peña and Tomás Arias Marín de Cubas, among others, state that the island was likely named by natives for the legendary Guanche king, Tinerfe, nicknamed "the Great." He ruled the entire island in the days before the conquest of the Canary Islands by Castilla.[22]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tenerife
አማርኛ: ቴኔሪፌ
العربية: تنريفي
asturianu: Tenerife
azərbaycanca: Tenerife
বাংলা: তেনেরিফে
беларуская: Тэнэрыфэ
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тэнэрыфэ
български: Тенерифе
brezhoneg: Tenerife
català: Tenerife
čeština: Tenerife
Cymraeg: Tenerife
dansk: Tenerife
Deutsch: Teneriffa
eesti: Tenerife
Ελληνικά: Τενερίφη
español: Tenerife
Esperanto: Tenerifo
euskara: Tenerife
فارسی: تنریف
føroyskt: Tenerife
français: Tenerife
Frysk: Teneryf
Gaeilge: Tenerife
Gàidhlig: Tenerife
galego: Tenerife
한국어: 테네리페섬
Hawaiʻi: Heūeke
հայերեն: Տեներիֆե
हिन्दी: तेनरीफ़
hrvatski: Tenerife
Bahasa Indonesia: Pulau Tenerife
isiXhosa: Tenerife
isiZulu: Tenerife
íslenska: Tenerífe
italiano: Tenerife
עברית: טנריפה
Jawa: Tenerife
kalaallisut: Tenerife
ქართული: ტენერიფე
қазақша: Тенерифе
Kiswahili: Tenerife
Kreyòl ayisyen: Tenerife
kurdî: Tenerife
кырык мары: Тенерифе
Ladino: Tenerife
latviešu: Tenerife
Lëtzebuergesch: Teneriffa
lietuvių: Tenerifė
lumbaart: Tenerife
magyar: Tenerife
македонски: Тенерифе
Malagasy: Tenerife
Māori: Tenerife
मराठी: तेनेरीफ
Bahasa Melayu: Tenerife
монгол: Тенерифе
Nāhuatl: Tenerife
Nederlands: Tenerife (eiland)
Napulitano: Tenerife
нохчийн: Тенерифе
Nordfriisk: Teneriffa
norsk: Tenerife
norsk nynorsk: Tenerife
occitan: Tenerife
پنجابی: تنریف
Piemontèis: Tenerife
polski: Teneryfa
português: Tenerife
română: Tenerife
русский: Тенерифе
संस्कृतम्: टेनेरीफे
sardu: Tenerife
Scots: Tenerife
Seeltersk: Teneriffa
Sesotho: Tenerife
shqip: Tenerife
sicilianu: Tenerife
Simple English: Tenerife
slovenčina: Tenerife
slovenščina: Tenerife
српски / srpski: Тенерифе
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tenerife
suomi: Teneriffa
svenska: Teneriffa
Tagalog: Tenerife
Taqbaylit: Tenerife
Türkçe: Tenerife
українська: Тенерифе
اردو: ٹینرائف
vèneto: Tenerife
Tiếng Việt: Tenerife
Winaray: Tenerife
ייִדיש: טענעריפע
Yorùbá: Tenerife
žemaitėška: Tenerėfė