forest is an example of a temperate coniferous forest
Map of temperate coniferous forest ecoregions of the world.
Temperate coniferous forest is a
biome found in
temperate regions of the world with warm
summers and cool
winters and adequate
rainfall to sustain a
forest. In most temperate coniferous forests, evergreen
conifers predominate, while some are a mix of conifers and broadleaf
evergreen trees and/or broadleaf
trees. Temperate evergreen forests are common in the
coastal areas of regions that have mild winters and heavy rainfall, or inland in drier
mountain areas. Temperate coniferous forests are only found in the Northern Hemisphere in North America, Europe, and Asia. A separate ecoregion, the
tropical coniferous forests, occurs in more tropical climates.
Structurally, these forests are rather simple, generally consisting of two layers: an overstory and understory. Some forests may support an intermediate layer of shrubs.
Pine forests support a herbaceous understory that is generally dominated by
grasses and herbaceous perennials, and are often subject to ecologically important
wildfires. Many species of tree inhabit these forests including
yew. The understory also contains a wide variety of herbaceous and