Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv-Yafo

תל־אביב–יפו (Hebrew)
تل أبيب - يافا (Arabic)
Skyline of Tel Aviv (34324506705).jpg
Azriely Sarona5.jpg
ISR-2015-Jaffa-Clock tower-cropped.jpg
Tel Aviv Promenade panoramics.jpg
Panorama of Tel Aviv.jpg
From upper left: Skyline of Tel Aviv, Azrieli Sarona Tower, Jaffa Clock Tower, Tel Aviv Promenade, panorama of the city
Flag of Tel Aviv-Yafo
Emblem of Tel Aviv.svg
Coat of arms
  • 'The first Hebrew city'
  • 'The White City'
  • 'Non-Stop City'
  • 'The Bubble'
  • 'TLV'
  • 'The Big Orange'
Tel Aviv-Yafo is located in Israel
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Location of Tel Aviv–Yafo in Israel
Tel Aviv-Yafo is located in Asia
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo (Asia)
Tel Aviv-Yafo is located in Europe
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo (Europe)
Tel Aviv-Yafo is located in Africa
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo (Africa)
Tel Aviv-Yafo is located in Earth
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo (Earth)
Coordinates: 32°4′N 34°47′E / 32°4′N 34°47′E / 32.067; 34.783
Official name[1]
State PartyIsrael

Tel Aviv-Yafo (Hebrew: תֵּל־אָבִיב–יָפוֹTel Aviv-Yafo [tel aˈviv ˈjafo]; Arabic: تَلّ أَبِيب - يَافَا‎ – Tall ʾAbīb - Yāfā), often referred to as just Tel Aviv, is the most populous city in the Gush Dan metropolitan area of Israel. Located on the Israeli Mediterranean coastline and with a population of 451,523, it is the economic and technological center of the country. If East Jerusalem is considered part of Israel, Tel Aviv is the country's second most populous city after Jerusalem; if not, Tel Aviv is the most populous city before West Jerusalem.[a]

Tel Aviv is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality, headed by Mayor Ron Huldai, and is home to many foreign embassies.[b] It is a global city and is ranked 25th in the Global Financial Centres Index. Tel Aviv has the third- or fourth-largest economy and the largest economy per capita in the Middle East.[6][7] The city has the 31st highest cost of living in the world.[8] Tel Aviv receives over 2.5 million international visitors annually.[9][10] A "party capital" in the Middle East, it has a lively nightlife and 24-hour culture.[11][12] Tel Aviv has been called The World's Vegan Food Capital, as it possesses the highest per capita population of vegans in the world, with many vegan eateries throughout the city.[13] Tel Aviv is home to Tel Aviv University, the largest university in the country with more than 30,000 students.

The city was founded in 1909 by the Yishuv (Jewish residents) as a modern housing estate on the outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa, then part of the Jerusalem province of Ottoman Syria. It was at first called 'Ahuzat Bayit' (lit. "House Estate" or "Homestead"),[14][15] the name of the association which established the neighbourhood, a name changed the following year to 'Tel Aviv'. Its name means "Tell of Spring", symbolising both ancient legacy and renewal. Other Jewish suburbs of Jaffa established outside Jaffa's Old City even before Tel Aviv, eventually became part of Tel Aviv, the oldest among them being Neve Tzedek (est. 1886).[16]

Immigration by mostly Jewish refugees meant that the growth of Tel Aviv soon outpaced that of Jaffa, which had a majority Arab population at the time.[17] Tel Aviv and Jaffa were later merged into a single municipality in 1950, two years after the Israeli Declaration of Independence, which was proclaimed in the city. Tel Aviv's White City, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003, comprises the world's largest concentration of International Style buildings, including Bauhaus and other related modernist architectural styles.[18][19]

Etymology and origins

Tel Aviv is named after Theodor Herzl's 1902 novel, Altneuland ("Old New Land"), for which the title of the Hebrew edition was "Tel Aviv"

Tel Aviv is the Hebrew title of Theodor Herzl's Altneuland ("Old New Land"), translated from German by Nahum Sokolow. Sokolow had adopted the name of a Mesopotamian site near the city of Babylon mentioned in Ezekiel: "Then I came to them of the captivity at Tel Aviv, that lived by the river Chebar, and to where they lived; and I sat there overwhelmed among them seven days."[20] The name was chosen in 1910 from several suggestions, including "Herzliya". It was found fitting as it embraced the idea of a renaissance in the ancient Jewish homeland. Aviv is Hebrew for "spring", symbolizing renewal, and tel is a man-made mound accumulating layers of civilization built one over the other and symbolizing the ancient.

Although founded in 1909 as a small settlement on the sand dunes north of Jaffa, Tel Aviv was envisaged as a future city from the start. Its founders hoped that in contrast to what they perceived as the squalid and unsanitary conditions of neighbouring Arab towns, Tel Aviv was to be a clean and modern city, inspired by the European cities of Warsaw and Odessa.[21] The marketing pamphlets advocating for its establishment in 1906, wrote:[21]

In this city we will build the streets so they have roads and sidewalks and electric lights. Every house will have water from wells that will flow through pipes as in every modern European city, and also sewerage pipes will be installed for the health of the city and its residents.

— Akiva Arieh Weiss, 1906
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tel Aviv
Alemannisch: Tel Aviv-Jaffa
አማርኛ: ቴል አቪቭ
العربية: تل أبيب
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܬܠ ܐܒܝܒ
asturianu: Tel Aviv
Avañe'ẽ: Tel Aviv
azərbaycanca: Təl-Əviv
تۆرکجه: تل آویو
বাংলা: তেল আবিব
башҡортса: Тель-Авив
беларуская: Тэль-Авіў
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тэль-Авіў
Bikol Central: Tel Aviv
български: Тел Авив
Boarisch: Tel Aviv
bosanski: Tel Aviv
brezhoneg: Tel Aviv
català: Tel Aviv
Чӑвашла: Тель-Авив
Cebuano: Tel Aviv
čeština: Tel Aviv
Cymraeg: Tel Aviv
dansk: Tel Aviv
eesti: Tel Aviv
Ελληνικά: Τελ Αβίβ
эрзянь: Тель-Авив
español: Tel Aviv
Esperanto: Tel-Avivo
estremeñu: Tel Aviv
euskara: Tel Aviv
فارسی: تل‌آویو
føroyskt: Tel Aviv-Jaffa
français: Tel Aviv-Jaffa
Frysk: Tel Aviv
Gaeilge: Tel Aviv
Gàidhlig: Tel Aviv
galego: Tel Aviv
한국어: 텔아비브
Hausa: Tel Abib
հայերեն: Թել Ավիվ
Արեւմտահայերէն: Թել Աւիւ
हिन्दी: तेल अविव
hrvatski: Tel Aviv
Ilokano: Tel Aviv
Bahasa Indonesia: Tel Aviv
interlingua: Tel Aviv
Interlingue: Tel Aviv
íslenska: Tel Avív
italiano: Tel Aviv
Jawa: Tel Aviv
kalaallisut: Tel Aviv
ქართული: თელ-ავივი
қазақша: Тель-Авив
Kinyarwanda: Tel Aviv
Kiswahili: Tel Aviv
Кыргызча: Тель-Авив
Ladino: Tel Aviv
لۊری شومالی: تل آڤیڤ
Latina: Telavivum
latviešu: Telaviva
Lëtzebuergesch: Tel Aviv
lietuvių: Tel Avivas
Limburgs: Tel Aviv
lumbaart: Tel Aviv
magyar: Tel-Aviv
македонски: Тел Авив
മലയാളം: ടെൽ അവീവ്
मराठी: तेल अवीव
مصرى: تل ابيب
Bahasa Melayu: Tel Aviv
монгол: Тел-Авив
Nāhuatl: Tel Aviv
Nederlands: Tel Aviv
नेपाल भाषा: तेल अभिव
日本語: テルアビブ
нохчийн: Тель-Авив
norsk: Tel Aviv
norsk nynorsk: Tel Aviv
occitan: Tel Aviv
олык марий: Тель-Авив
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tel-Aviv
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤਲ ਅਵੀਵ
Papiamentu: Tel Aviv
português: Tel Aviv
română: Tel Aviv
русский: Тель-Авив
саха тыла: Тель-Авив
sardu: Tel Aviv
Scots: Tel Aviv
Seeltersk: Tel Aviv
shqip: Tel Aviv
sicilianu: Tel Aviv
Simple English: Tel Aviv
slovenčina: Tel Aviv-Jafo
slovenščina: Tel Aviv
ślůnski: Tel Awiw-Jafa
کوردی: تێل ئەڤیڤ
српски / srpski: Тел Авив
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tel Aviv
suomi: Tel Aviv
svenska: Tel Aviv
Tagalog: Tel-Abib
Taqbaylit: Tel Aviv
татарча/tatarça: Tel-Äviv
Türkçe: Tel Aviv
українська: Тель-Авів
اردو: تل ابیب
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: تېلاۋىف
vèneto: Tel Aviv
vepsän kel’: Tel' Aviv
Tiếng Việt: Tel Aviv
Winaray: Tel Aviv
吴语: 特拉维夫
ייִדיש: תל אביב-יפו
粵語: 特拉維夫
Zeêuws: Tel Aviv
žemaitėška: Tel Avėvs
中文: 特拉维夫