Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv
City
Skyline of Tel Aviv (34324506705).jpg
Azriely Sarona5.jpg
ISR-2015-Jaffa-Clock tower-cropped.jpg
Rabin Squre eco pool-cropped.jpg
Tel Aviv Promenade panoramics.jpg
Tel Aviv panorama from the Yitzhak Rabin Center.jpg
From upper left: Skyline of Rothschild boulevard, Azrieli Sarona Tower, Jaffa Clock Tower, Rabin Square, Tel Aviv Promenade, panorama of the city from the Yitzhak Rabin Center
Flag of Tel Aviv
Flag
Emblem of Tel Aviv.svg
Coat of arms
Nickname(s):
Tel Aviv is located in Israel
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Location of Tel Aviv-Yafo in Israel.
Coordinates: 32°4′N 34°47′E / 32°4′N 34°47′E / 32.067; 34.783
Country Israel
District Tel Aviv
Metropolitan AreaGush Dan
FoundedApril 11, 1909 (1909-04-11)
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • BodyTel Aviv-Yafo Municipality
 • MayorRon Huldai
Area
 • City52 km2 (20 sq mi)
 • Urban176 km2 (68 sq mi)
 • Metro1,516 km2 (585 sq mi)
Elevation5 m (16 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • City438,818
 • Rank2nd in Israel
 • Density8,468.7/km2 (21,934/sq mi)
 • Density rank12th in Israel
 • Urban1,388,400
 • Urban density8,057.7/km2 (20,869/sq mi)
 • Metro3,854,000
 • Metro density2,286/km2 (5,920/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Tel Avivian[2][3][4]
Time zoneIST (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)IDT (UTC+3)
Postal code61XXXXX
Area code+972-3
ISO 3166 codeIL-TA
GDPUS$ 153.3 billion [5]
GDP per capitaUS$ 42,614 [5]
Websitetel-aviv.gov.il
Official nameWhite City of Tel Aviv
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, iv
Designated2003
Reference no.[1]
State PartyIsrael
RegionIsrael

Tel Aviv (Hebrew: תֵּל אָבִיב‬, [tel aˈviv], Arabic: تل أَبيب‎) is the second most populous city in Israel – after Jerusalem – and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area. Located on the country's Mediterranean coastline and with a population of 438,818, it is the financial and technological center of the country. Silicon Wadi is another name for Gush Dan, in comparison to Silicon Valley in the U.S. state of California.

Tel Aviv is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality, headed by Ron Huldai, and is home to many foreign embassies.[6] It is a global city and is ranked 34th in the Global Financial Centres Index.[7] Tel Aviv has the third-largest economy in the Middle East after Abu Dhabi and Kuwait City.[8][not in citation given] The city has the 31st highest cost of living in the world.[9] Tel Aviv receives over 2.5 million international visitors annually.[10][11] A "party capital" in the Middle East, it has a lively nightlife and 24-hour culture.[12][13] Tel Aviv is home to Tel Aviv University, the largest university in the country with more than 30,000 students.

The city was founded in 1909 by Jews on the outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa (Hebrew: יָפוֹYafo), then an area belonging to Ottoman Palestine. Its name means Spring Hill, though the hill was mostly sand. The modern city's first neighborhoods had already been established in 1886, the first of which was Neve Tzedek.[14]

Immigration by mostly Jewish refugees meant that the growth of Tel Aviv soon outpaced that of Jaffa, which had a majority Arab population at the time.[15] Tel Aviv and Jaffa were later merged into a single municipality in 1950, two years after the establishment of the State of Israel. Tel Aviv's White City, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003, comprises the world's largest concentration of International Style buildings, including Bauhaus and other related modernist architectural styles.[16][17]

Etymology and origins

Tel Aviv, founded in 1909, is named after Theodor Herzl's 1902 novel, Altneuland, meaning "Old New Land".

Tel Aviv is the Hebrew title of Theodor Herzl's Altneuland ("Old New Land"), translated from German by Nahum Sokolow. Sokolow had adopted the name of a Mesopotamian site near the city of Babylon mentioned in Ezekiel: "Then I came to them of the captivity at Tel Aviv, that lived by the river Chebar, and to where they lived; and I sat there overwhelmed among them seven days."[18] The name was chosen in 1910 from several suggestions, including "Herzliya". It was found fitting as it embraced the idea of a renaissance in the ancient Jewish homeland. Aviv is Hebrew for "spring", symbolizing renewal, and tel is a man-made mound accumulating layers of civilization built one over the other and symbolizing the ancient.

Although founded in 1909 as a small settlement on the sand dunes north of Jaffa, Tel Aviv was envisaged as a future city from the start. Its founders hoped that in contrast to what they perceived as the squalid and unsanitary conditions of neighbouring Arab towns, Tel Aviv was to be a clean and modern city, inspired by the European cities of Warsaw and Odessa.[19] The marketing pamphlets advocating for its establishment in 1906, wrote:[19]

In this city we will build the streets so they have roads and sidewalks and electric lights. Every house will have water from wells that will flow through pipes as in every modern European city, and also sewerage pipes will be installed for the health of the city and its residents.

— Akiva Arieh Weiss, 1906
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tel Aviv
Alemannisch: Tel Aviv-Jaffa
አማርኛ: ቴል አቪቭ
العربية: تل أبيب
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܬܠ ܐܒܝܒ
asturianu: Tel Aviv
Avañe'ẽ: Tel Aviv
azərbaycanca: Təl-Əviv
تۆرکجه: تل آویو
বাংলা: তেল আবিব
башҡортса: Тель-Авив
беларуская: Тэль-Авіў
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тэль-Авіў
Bikol Central: Tel Aviv
български: Тел Авив
Boarisch: Tel Aviv
bosanski: Tel Aviv
brezhoneg: Tel Aviv
català: Tel Aviv
Чӑвашла: Тель-Авив
Cebuano: Tel Aviv
čeština: Tel Aviv
Cymraeg: Tel Aviv
dansk: Tel Aviv
eesti: Tel Aviv
Ελληνικά: Τελ Αβίβ
español: Tel Aviv
Esperanto: Tel-Avivo
estremeñu: Tel Aviv
euskara: Tel Aviv
فارسی: تل‌آویو
føroyskt: Tel Aviv-Jaffa
français: Tel-Aviv-Jaffa
Frysk: Tel Aviv
Gaeilge: Tel Aviv
Gàidhlig: Tel Aviv
galego: Tel Aviv
한국어: 텔아비브
Հայերեն: Թել Ավիվ
हिन्दी: तेल अविव
hrvatski: Tel Aviv
Ilokano: Tel Aviv
Bahasa Indonesia: Tel Aviv
Interlingue: Tel Aviv
íslenska: Tel Avív
italiano: Tel Aviv
Basa Jawa: Tel Aviv
kalaallisut: Tel Aviv
ქართული: თელ-ავივი
қазақша: Тель-Авив
Kinyarwanda: Tel Aviv
Kiswahili: Tel Aviv
Кыргызча: Тель-Авив
Ladino: Tel Aviv
لۊری شومالی: تل آڤیڤ
Latina: Telavivum
latviešu: Telaviva
Lëtzebuergesch: Tel Aviv
lietuvių: Tel Avivas
Limburgs: Tel Aviv
lumbaart: Tel Aviv
magyar: Tel-Aviv
македонски: Тел Авив
മലയാളം: ടെൽ അവീവ്
मराठी: तेल अवीव
مصرى: تل ابيب
Bahasa Melayu: Tel Aviv
монгол: Тел-Авив
Nāhuatl: Tel Aviv
Nederlands: Tel Aviv
नेपाल भाषा: तेल अभिव
日本語: テルアビブ
нохчийн: Тель-Авив
norsk: Tel Aviv
norsk nynorsk: Tel Aviv
occitan: Tel Aviv
олык марий: Тель-Авив
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tel-Aviv
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤਲ ਅਵੀਵ
Papiamentu: Tel Aviv
português: Tel Aviv
română: Tel Aviv
русский: Тель-Авив
саха тыла: Тель-Авив
sardu: Tel Aviv
Scots: Tel Aviv
Seeltersk: Tel Aviv
shqip: Tel Aviv
sicilianu: Tel Aviv
Simple English: Tel Aviv
slovenčina: Tel Aviv-Jafo
slovenščina: Tel Aviv
ślůnski: Tel Awiw-Jafa
کوردی: تێل ئەڤیڤ
српски / srpski: Тел Авив
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tel Aviv
suomi: Tel Aviv
svenska: Tel Aviv
Tagalog: Tel-Abib
Taqbaylit: Tel Aviv
татарча/tatarça: Tel-Äviv
Türkçe: Tel Aviv
українська: Тель-Авів-Яфо
اردو: تل ابیب
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: تېلاۋىف
vèneto: Tel Aviv
vepsän kel’: Tel' Aviv
Tiếng Việt: Tel Aviv
Winaray: Tel Aviv
ייִדיש: תל אביב-יפו
粵語: 特拉維夫
Zeêuws: Tel Aviv
žemaitėška: Tel Avėvs
中文: 特拉维夫