Tahiti

Tahiti
Plage.sable.noir.Tahiti.JPG
Tahiti is famous for black sand beaches
Karta FP Societe isl.PNG
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates17°40′S 149°25′W / 17°40′S 149°25′W / -17.667; -149.417
ArchipelagoSociety Islands
Major islandsTahiti
Area1,044 km2 (403 sq mi)
Highest elevation2,241 m (7,352 ft)
Highest pointMont Orohena
Administration
France
Overseas collectivityFrench Polynesia
Largest settlementPapeete (pop. 136,777)
Demographics
Population189,517[1] (August 2017 census)
Pop. density181 /km2 (469 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsTahitians
Location of French Polynesia

Tahiti (i/; French pronunciation: ​[ta.iti]; previously also known as Otaheite (obsolete) is the largest island in the Windward group of French Polynesia. The island is located in the archipelago of the Society Islands in the central Southern Pacific Ocean, and is divided into two parts: the bigger, northwestern part, Tahiti Nui, and the smaller, southeastern part, Tahiti Iti. The island was formed from volcanic activity and is high and mountainous with surrounding coral reefs. The population is 189,517 inhabitants (2017 census),[1] making it the most populous island of French Polynesia and accounting for 68.7% of its total population.

Tahiti is the economic, cultural and political centre of French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity (sometimes referred to as an overseas country) of France. The capital of French Polynesia, Papeete, is located on the northwest coast of Tahiti. The only international airport in the region, Fa'a'ā International Airport, is on Tahiti near Papeete.

Tahiti was originally settled by Polynesians between 300 and 800 AD. They represent about 70% of the island's population, with the rest made up of Europeans, Chinese people, and those of mixed heritage.

The island was part of the Kingdom of Tahiti until its annexation by France in 1880, when it was proclaimed a colony of France, and the inhabitants became French citizens. French is the only official language, although the Tahitian language (Reo Tahiti) is widely spoken.

Geography

Tahiti-Mo'orea map.
Tahiti from space.

Tahiti is the highest and largest island in French Polynesia lying close to Moorea island. It is located 4,400 kilometres (2,376 nautical miles) south of Hawaii, 7,900 km (4,266 nmi) from Chile, and 5,700 km (3,078 nmi) from Australia.[citation needed]

The island is 45 km (28 mi) across at its widest point and covers an area of 1,045 km2 (403 sq mi). The highest peak is Mont Orohena (Mou'a 'Orohena) (2,241 m (7,352 ft)). Mount Roonui, or Mount Ronui (Mou'a Rōnui), in the southeast rises to 1,332 m (4,370 ft). The island consists of two roughly round portions centred on volcanic mountains and connected by a short isthmus named after the small town of Taravao which is situated there.[citation needed]

Tahiti is an island located in the archipelago of the Society Islands. The archipelago is a part of French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of the French Republic situated in the central Southern Pacific Ocean.

The northwestern portion is known as Tahiti Nui ("big Tahiti"), while the much smaller southeastern portion is known as Tahiti Iti ("small Tahiti") or Tai'arapū. Tahiti Nui is heavily populated along the coast, especially around the capital, Papeete.[citation needed]

The interior of Tahiti Nui is almost entirely uninhabited.[2] Tahiti Iti has remained isolated, as its southeastern half (Te Pari) is accessible only to those travelling by boat or on foot. The rest of the island is encircled by a main road which cuts between the mountains and the sea.[citation needed]

A scenic and winding interior road climbs past dairy farms and citrus groves with panoramic views. Tahiti's landscape features lush rainforests and many rivers and waterfalls, including the Papenoo River on the north side, and the Fautaua Falls near Papeete.[3]

Geology

Diadem Mountain at Sunset, Tahiti, John LaFarge, c. 1891, Brooklyn Museum.

The Society archipelago is a hotspot volcanic chain consisting of ten islands and atolls. The chain is oriented along the N. 65° W. direction, parallel to the movement of the Pacific Plate. Due to the plate movement over the Society hotspot, the age of the islands decreases from 5 Ma at Maupiti to 0 Ma at Mehetia, where Mehetia is the inferred current location of the hotspot as evidenced by recent seismic activity. Maupiti, the oldest island in the chain, is a highly eroded shield volcano with at least 12 thin aa flows, which accumulated fairly rapidly between 4.79 and 4.05 Ma. Bora Bora is another highly eroded shield volcano consisting of basaltic lavas accumulated between 3.83 and 3.1 Ma. The lavas are intersected by post-shield dikes. Tahaa consists of shield-stage basalt with an age of 3.39 Ma, followed by additional eruptions 1.2 Ma later. Raiatea consists of shield-stage basalt followed by post-shield trachytic lava flows, all occurring from 2.75 to 2.29 Ma. Huahine consists of two coalesced basalt shield volcanoes, Huahine Nui and Huahine Iti, with several flows followed by post-shield trachyphonolitic lava domes from 3.08 to 2.06 Ma. Moorea consists of at least 16 flows of shield-stage basalt and post-shield lavas from 2.15 to 1.36 Ma. Tahiti consists of two basalt shield volcanoes, Tahiti Nui and Tahiti Iti, with an age range of 1.67 to 0.25 Ma.[4]

Climate

November to April is the wet season, the wettest month of which is January with 13.2 in (340 mm) of rain in Papeetē. August is the driest with 1.9 inches (48 millimetres).[citation needed]

The average temperature ranges between 21 and 31 °C (70 and 88 °F), with little seasonal variation. The lowest and highest temperatures recorded in Papeete are 16 and 34 °C (61 and 93 °F), respectively.[5]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tahiti
Alemannisch: Tahiti
Ænglisc: Tahitīeg
العربية: تاهيتي
asturianu: Tahití
azərbaycanca: Taiti
বাংলা: তাহিতি
Bân-lâm-gú: Tahiti
беларуская: Таіці
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Таіці
български: Таити
brezhoneg: Tahiti
català: Tahití
čeština: Tahiti
Cymraeg: Tahiti
dansk: Tahiti
Deutsch: Tahiti
eesti: Tahiti
Ελληνικά: Ταϊτή
español: Tahití
Esperanto: Tahitio
euskara: Tahiti
فارسی: تاهیتی
Fiji Hindi: Tahiti
føroyskt: Tahiti
français: Tahiti
Gaeilge: Taihítí
Gàidhlig: Tahiti
galego: Tahití
한국어: 타히티섬
Hawaiʻi: Kahiki
հայերեն: Տահիտի
hrvatski: Tahiti
Ido: Tahiti
Bahasa Indonesia: Tahiti
íslenska: Tahítí
italiano: Tahiti
עברית: טהיטי
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಟಹೀಟಿ
ქართული: ტაიტი
қазақша: Таити
Кыргызча: Таити
Latina: Tahitia
latviešu: Taiti
lietuvių: Taitis
Limburgs: Tahiti
magyar: Tahiti
Malagasy: Tahiti
മലയാളം: തഹീതി
Māori: Tahiti
मराठी: ताहिती
მარგალური: ტაიტი
Bahasa Melayu: Tahiti
Nederlands: Tahiti
日本語: タヒチ島
Nordfriisk: Tahiti
Norfuk / Pitkern: Tahitii
norsk: Tahiti
norsk nynorsk: Tahiti
occitan: Tahiti
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Taiti
پنجابی: ٹاہیٹی
polski: Tahiti
português: Taiti
reo tahiti: Tahiti
română: Tahiti
русский: Таити
Scots: Tahiti
shqip: Tahiti
sicilianu: Tahiti
Simple English: Tahiti
slovenčina: Tahiti
slovenščina: Tahiti
کوردی: تاھیتی
српски / srpski: Тахити
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tahiti
suomi: Tahiti
svenska: Tahiti
தமிழ்: தாகித்தி
తెలుగు: తహితి
Türkçe: Tahiti
українська: Таїті
اردو: تاہیٹی
Tiếng Việt: Tahiti
Winaray: Tahiti
吴语: 大溪地
粵語: 大溪地
中文: 大溪地