A syllabary is a set of written symbols that represent the syllables or (more frequently) moras which make up words. A symbol in a syllabary, called a syllabogram, typically represents an (optional) consonant sound (simple onset) followed by a vowel sound (nucleus)—that is, a CV or V syllable—but other phonographic mappings such as CVC, CV- tone, and C (normally nasals at the end of syllables) are also found in syllabaries.


Each syllable (σ) branches into consonantal onset (ω) and rime (ρ) that is divided into nucleus (ν) and coda (κ), non-/supra-segmental parameters like tone (τ) affect the syllable as a whole

A writing system using a syllabary is complete when it covers all syllables in the corresponding spoken language without requiring complex orthographic / graphemic rules, like implicit codas (⟨C1V⟩ ⇒ /C1VC2/) silent vowels (⟨C1V1+C2V2⟩ ⇒ /C1V1C2/) or echo vowels (⟨C1V1+C2V1⟩ ⇒ /C1V1C2/). This loosely corresponds to shallow orthographies in alphabetic writing systems.

True syllabograms are those that encompass all parts of a syllable, i.e. initial onset, medial nucleus and final coda, but since onset and coda are optional in at least some languages, there are middle (nucleus), start (onset-nucleus), end (nucleus-coda) and full (onset-nucleus-coda) true syllabograms. Most syllabaries only feature one or two kinds of syllabograms and form other syllables by graphemic rules.

Syllabograms, hence syllabaries, are pure, analytic or arbitrary if they do not share graphic similarities that correspond to phonic similarities, e.g. the symbol for ka does not resemble in any predictable way the symbol for ki, nor the symbol for a. Otherwise they are synthetic, if they vary by onset, rime, nucleus or coda, or systematic, if they vary by all of them.[citation needed] Some scholars, e.g. Daniels,[1] reserve the general term for analytic syllabaries and invent other terms (abugida, abjad) as necessary. Some system provides katakana language conversion.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Lettergreepskrif
Alemannisch: Silbenschrift
Bahasa Banjar: Silabik
Bân-lâm-gú: Im-chat bûn-jī
башҡортса: Ижекле яҙыу
беларуская: Складовае пісьмо
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Складовае пісьмо
brezhoneg: Silabenneg
català: Sil·labari
Cebuano: Silabaryo
Cymraeg: Sillwyddor
Deutsch: Silbenschrift
eesti: Silpkiri
Esperanto: Silabaro
euskara: Silabario
français: Syllabaire
Gaelg: Sheelaght
galego: Silabario
한국어: 음절문자
Bahasa Indonesia: Aksara silabis
italiano: Sillabario
עברית: כתב הברות
Latina: Syllabarium
Lingua Franca Nova: Silabario
македонски: Слоговно писмо
Bahasa Melayu: Tulisan suku kata
Nederlands: Syllabisch schrift
日本語: 音節文字
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sillabik yozuv
polski: Sylabariusz
português: Silabário
română: Silabar
slovenčina: Slabičné písmo
slovenščina: Silabarij
српски / srpski: Слоговно писмо
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Slogovno pismo
Türkçe: Hece yazısı
українська: Складове письмо
اردو: مقطعیہ
中文: 音節文字