Swan

Swans
Cygnus olor 2 (Marek Szczepanek).jpg
Mute swans
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Anseriformes
Family:Anatidae
Subfamily:Anserinae
Genus:Cygnus
Garsault, 1764
Type species
Cygnus cygnus
Species

6–7 living, see text.

Synonyms

Cygnanser Kretzoi, 1957

Swans are birds of the family Anatidae within the genus Cygnus.[3] The swans' close relatives include the geese and ducks. Swans are grouped with the closely related geese in the subfamily Anserinae where they form the tribe Cygnini. Sometimes, they are considered a distinct subfamily, Cygninae. There are six or seven living (and one extinct) species of swan in the genus Cygnus; in addition, there is another species known as the coscoroba swan, although this species is no longer considered one of the true swans. Swans usually mate for life, although “divorce” sometimes occurs, particularly following nesting failure, and if a mate dies, the remaining swan will take up with another. The number of eggs in each clutch ranges from three to eight.[4]

Etymology and terminology

The English word 'swan', akin to the German Schwan, Dutch zwaan and Swedish svan, is derived from Indo-European root *swen (to sound, to sing).[5] Young swans are known as swanlings or as cygnets; the latter derives via Old French cigne or cisne (diminutive suffix -et "little") from the Latin word cygnus, a variant form of cycnus "swan", itself from the Greek κύκνος kýknos, a word of the same meaning.[6][7][8] An adult male is a cob, from Middle English cobbe (leader of a group); an adult female is a pen.[9]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Къыухэр
Afrikaans: Swaan
አማርኛ: የውሃ ዶሮ
العربية: إوز عراقي
asturianu: Cygnus (xéneru)
azərbaycanca: Qu quşu
تۆرکجه: قۇ قۇشو
বাংলা: মরাল
Bân-lâm-gú: Thian-gô
башҡортса: Аҡҡоштар
беларуская: Лебедзі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лебедзі
български: Лебеди
བོད་ཡིག: ངང་དཀར།
brezhoneg: Alarc'h
буряад: Хун шубуун
Cebuano: Cygnus
čeština: Labuť
Cymraeg: Alarch
dansk: Svaner
davvisámegiella: Njuvččat
Deutsch: Schwäne
Diné bizaad: Dééłgai
eesti: Luik
Ελληνικά: Κύκνος (πτηνό)
эрзянь: Локсей
Esperanto: Cigno
euskara: Beltxarga
فارسی: قو
français: Cygne
Frysk: Swannen
Gaeilge: Eala
Gàidhlig: Eala
ગુજરાતી: હંસ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: राजहंस
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Thiên-ngò
한국어: 고니속
հայերեն: Կարապ
हिन्दी: हंस (पक्षी)
hrvatski: Labudovi
Ido: Cigno
Bahasa Indonesia: Angsa
interlingua: Cygnus
עברית: ברבורים
Basa Jawa: Banyak
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಹಂಸ
ქართული: გედები
қазақша: Аққулар
Kiswahili: Bata-maji
Кыргызча: Ак куулар
кырык мары: Йӱксӹ
ລາວ: ຫົງ
Latina: Cygnus
latviešu: Gulbji
lietuvių: Gulbės
मैथिली: राजहंस
മലയാളം: അരയന്നം
मराठी: हंस
მარგალური: ოლორეფი
монгол: Хун
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ငန်း
Nederlands: Cygnus (geslacht)
नेपाली: राजहंस
नेपाल भाषा: बःहँय्
日本語: ハクチョウ
нохчийн: ГӀургӀаз
norsk: Svaner
norsk nynorsk: Svane
occitan: Cicne
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Oqqushlar
پنجابی: ہنس
Перем Коми: Юсь
Picard: Chin·nhe
polski: Łabędź
português: Cisne
română: Lebădă
Runa Simi: Yuku
русский: Лебеди
संस्कृतम्: हंसः
sardu: Sìsini
Scots: Swan
sicilianu: Cignu
Simple English: Swan
slovenčina: Cygnus (rod)
slovenščina: Labodi
српски / srpski: Лабудови
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Labudovi
Basa Sunda: Soang
suomi: Joutsenet
svenska: Svanar
Tagalog: Sisne
தமிழ்: அன்னம்
татарча/tatarça: Аккошлар
తెలుగు: హంస
ไทย: หงส์
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏍᎨᏆ
Türkçe: Kuğu
удмурт: Юсь
українська: Лебідь
اردو: مرغابی
vepsän kel’: Joucen
Tiếng Việt: Thiên nga
Winaray: Cygnus
ייִדיש: שוואן
粵語: 天鵝
中文: 天鹅
ГӀалгӀай: ГIургIажаш