Swahili language

Swahili
Kiswahili
Native toTanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Somalia (on the Bajuni islands and Barawa), Mozambique (mostly Mwani), Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda,[1] Comoros, Mayotte, Zambia, Malawi, and Madagascar
Native speakers
unclear. Estimates range from 2 million (2003)[2] to 15 million (2012)[3]
L2 speakers:90 million (1991–2015)[3]
Official status
Official language in
Regulated by
Language codes
sw
swa
ISO 639-3swainclusive code
Individual codes:
swc – Congo Swahili
swh – Coastal Swahili
ymk – Makwe
wmw – Mwani
swah1254[4]
  • G.42–43;
  • G.40.A–H (pidgins & creoles)
[5]
Linguasphere99-AUS-m
Maeneo penye wasemaji wa Kiswahili.png
  areas where Swahili or Comorian is the indigenous language
  official or national language
  as a trade language
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: language of the Swahili people), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people. It is a lingua franca of the African Great Lakes region and other parts of eastern and south-eastern Africa, including Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Mozambique, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).[6] Comorian, spoken in the Comoros Islands is sometimes considered to be a dialect of Swahili, though other authorities consider it a distinct language.[7]

The exact number of Swahili speakers, be it native or second-language speakers, is unknown and a matter of debate. Various estimates have been put forward and they vary widely, from 50 million to over 100 million.[8] Swahili serves as a national language of four nations: Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, and the DRC. Shikomor, the official language in Comoros and also spoken in Mayotte (Shimaore), is related to Swahili.[9] Swahili is also one of the working languages of the African Union and officially recognised as a lingua franca of the East African Community.[10] South Africa legalized the teaching of Swahili in South African schools as an optional subject beginning in 2020.[11]

A significant fraction of Swahili vocabulary derives from Arabic,[12] in part conveyed by Arabic-speaking Muslim inhabitants. For example, the Swahili word for "book" is kitabu, traceable back to the Arabic word كتاب kitābu (from the root k-t-b "write"). However, the Swahili plural form of this word ("books") is vitabu, following Bantu grammar in which ki- is reanalysed as a nominal class prefix, whose plural is vi-.[13]

Outlets

Swahili in;

  • Portal Languages -12,14,18.
  • Dunia - 23,24.
  • T.E.D. .net - 15,30.
Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Суахили
Afrikaans: Swahili
Alemannisch: Swahili (Sprache)
አማርኛ: ስዋሂሊ
العربية: لغة سواحلية
aragonés: Idioma swahili
asturianu: Suaḥili
Avañe'ẽ: Suahíli ñe'ẽ
azərbaycanca: Suahili
تۆرکجه: سواحیلی
Bân-lâm-gú: Swahili-gí
башҡортса: Суахили теле
беларуская: Суахілі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Суахілі
Bikol Central: Swahili
български: Суахили
Boarisch: Swahili
bosanski: Svahili (jezik)
brezhoneg: Swahileg
català: Suahili
čeština: Svahilština
chiShona: Swahili
Cymraeg: Swahili
dolnoserbski: Swahilšćina
español: Idioma suajili
Esperanto: Svahila lingvo
euskara: Swahili
Fiji Hindi: Swahili bhasa
føroyskt: Swahiliskt mál
français: Swahili
Gaeilge: An Svahaílis
Gaelg: Swahilish
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Swahili-ngî
한국어: 스와힐리어
հայերեն: Սվահիլի
hornjoserbsce: Swahilšćina
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Swahili
interlingua: Lingua swahili
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᔅᕙᐦᐃᓕᑐᑦ
Ирон: Суахили
íslenska: Svahílí
italiano: Lingua swahili
עברית: סווהילי
Basa Jawa: Basa Swahili
kalaallisut: Swahilimiutut
ქართული: სუაჰილი ენა
қазақша: Суахили
Kinyarwanda: Igiswahili
Kiswahili: Kiswahili
Kongo: Kiswahili
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lang swahili
Кыргызча: Суахили тили
latgaļu: Svahili volūda
latviešu: Svahili
lietuvių: Suahilių kalba
Limburgs: Swahili
lingála: Kiswahíli
Lingua Franca Nova: Suahili
македонски: Свахилски јазик
Malagasy: Fiteny soahily
Māori: Reo Swahili
მარგალური: სუაჰილი ნინა
مصرى: سواحيلى
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Swahili
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Swahili-ngṳ̄
монгол: Свахили хэл
Nederlands: Swahili (taal)
Nedersaksies: Swahili
नेपाल भाषा: स्वाहिली भाषा
日本語: スワヒリ語
нохчийн: Суахили
Nordfriisk: Swahili
norsk: Swahili
norsk nynorsk: Swahili
Novial: Swahilum
occitan: Swahili
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Suaxili tili
پنجابی: سواحلی
Papiamentu: Swahili (lenga)
polski: Suahili
português: Língua suaíli
română: Limba swahili
Runa Simi: Swahili simi
русиньскый: Свагілі
русский: Суахили
саха тыла: Суаhили
Sesotho sa Leboa: Seswahili
sicilianu: Lingua swahili
Simple English: Swahili language
slovenčina: Swahilčina
slovenščina: Svahili
Soomaaliga: Af-Sawaaxili
српски / srpski: Свахили (језик)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Svahili
Basa Sunda: Basa Swahili
svenska: Swahili
tarandíne: Lènga swahili
татарча/tatarça: Суахили
Türkçe: Svahili
українська: Суахілі
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سۋاھىلىچە
Vahcuengh: Vah Swahili
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Swahili
walon: Suwahili
Winaray: Swinahili
Wolof: Kiswahili
ייִדיש: סוואהילי
Zazaki: Swahili