Swahili language

Swahili
Kiswahili
Native to Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Mozambique (mostly Mwani), Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, [1] Comoros, Mayotte, Zambia, Malawi, Madagascar, and South Sudan
Native speakers
2 million [2] [3] to 15 million.[ citation needed] (2012) [4]
L2 speakers: 50 to 100 million [2]
Latin script ( Roman Swahili alphabet),
Arabic script ( Arabic Swahili alphabet)
Swahili Braille
Official status
Official language in
Tanzania, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Uganda, African Union, East African Community
Regulated by Baraza la Kiswahili la Taifa (Tanzania), Chama cha Kiswahili cha Taifa (Kenya)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 sw
ISO 639-2 swa
ISO 639-3 swainclusive code
Individual codes:
swc – Congo Swahili
swh – Coastal Swahili
ymk –  Makwe
wmw –  Mwani
Glottolog swah1254 [5]
G.42–43;
G.40.A–H (pidgins & creoles)
[6]
Linguasphere 99-AUS-m
Maeneo penye wasemaji wa Kiswahili.png
  areas where Swahili or Comorian is the indigenous language
  official or national language
  as a trade language
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Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language [7]), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people. It is a lingua franca of the African Great Lakes region and other parts of eastern and south-eastern Africa, including Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Mozambique, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). [8] Comorian, spoken in the Comoros Islands is sometimes considered to be a dialect of Swahili, though other authorities consider it a distinct language. [9]

Estimates of the total number of Swahili speakers vary widely, from 50 million to over 100 million. [2] Swahili serves as a national language of four nations: Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, and the DRC.[ citation needed] Shikomor, the official language in Comoros and also spoken in Mayotte ( Shimaore), is related to Swahili. [10] Swahili is also one of the working languages of the African Union and officially recognised as a lingua franca of the East African Community. [11]

A significant fraction of Swahili vocabulary is derived from Arabic [12] and Sanskrit [13] through contact with Arabic-speaking Muslim inhabitants and Indian merchants of the Swahili Coast [14].

Classification

Swahili is a Bantu language of the Sabaki branch. [15] In Guthrie's geographic classification, Swahili is in Bantu zone G, whereas the other Sabaki languages are in zone E70, commonly under the name Nyika. Local folk-theories of the language have often considered Swahili to be a mixed language because of its many loan words from Arabic, and the fact that Swahili people have historically been Muslims. However, historical linguists do not consider the Arabic influence on Swahili to be significant enough to classify it as a mixed language, since Arabic influence is limited to lexical items, most of which have only been borrowed after 1500, while the grammatical and syntactic structure of the language is typically Bantu. [16] [17]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Суахили
Afrikaans: Swahili
Alemannisch: Swahili (Sprache)
አማርኛ: ስዋሂሊ
العربية: لغة سواحلية
aragonés: Idioma swahili
asturianu: Suaḥili
azərbaycanca: Suahili
Bân-lâm-gú: Swahili-gí
башҡортса: Суахили теле
беларуская: Суахілі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Суахілі
Bikol Central: Swahili
български: Суахили
Boarisch: Swahili
bosanski: Svahili (jezik)
brezhoneg: Swahileg
català: Suahili
čeština: Svahilština
Cymraeg: Swahili
dolnoserbski: Swahilšćina
español: Idioma suajili
Esperanto: Svahila lingvo
euskara: Swahili
Fiji Hindi: Swahili bhasa
føroyskt: Swahiliskt mál
français: Swahili
Gaeilge: An Svahaílis
Gaelg: Swahilish
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Swahili-ngî
한국어: 스와힐리어
Հայերեն: Սվահիլի
hornjoserbsce: Swahilšćina
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Swahili
interlingua: Lingua swahili
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᔅᕙᐦᐃᓕᑐᑦ
Ирон: Суахили
íslenska: Svahílí
italiano: Lingua swahili
עברית: סווהילי
Basa Jawa: Basa Swahili
kalaallisut: Swahilimiutut
ქართული: სუაჰილი ენა
қазақша: Суахили
Kinyarwanda: Igiswahili
Kiswahili: Kiswahili
Kongo: Kiswahili
latgaļu: Svahili volūda
latviešu: Svahili
lietuvių: Suahilių kalba
Limburgs: Swahili
lingála: Kiswahíli
македонски: Свахилски јазик
Malagasy: Fiteny soahily
Māori: Reo Swahili
მარგალური: სუაჰილი ნინა
مصرى: سواحيلى
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Swahili
монгол: Свахили хэл
Nederlands: Swahili (taal)
Nedersaksies: Swahili
नेपाल भाषा: स्वाहिली भाषा
日本語: スワヒリ語
нохчийн: Суахили
Nordfriisk: Swahili
norsk: Swahili
norsk nynorsk: Swahili
Novial: Swahilum
occitan: Swahili
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Suaxili tili
پنجابی: سواحلی
Papiamentu: Swahili (lenga)
polski: Suahili
português: Língua suaíli
română: Limba swahili
Runa Simi: Swahili simi
русиньскый: Свагілі
русский: Суахили
саха тыла: Суаhили
Sesotho sa Leboa: Seswahili
sicilianu: Lingua swahili
Simple English: Swahili language
slovenčina: Swahilčina
slovenščina: Svahili
Soomaaliga: Af-Sawaaxili
српски / srpski: Свахили (језик)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Svahili
Basa Sunda: Basa Swahili
svenska: Swahili
tarandíne: Lènga swahili
татарча/tatarça: Суахили
Türkçe: Svahili
українська: Суахілі
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سۋاھىلىچە
Vahcuengh: Vah Swahili
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Swahili
walon: Suwahili
Winaray: Swinahili
Wolof: Kiswahili
ייִדיש: סוואהילי
Zazaki: Swahili