Strait of Hormuz

The Strait of Hormuz separates Iran to the north and the Musandam Governorate of Oman and the United Arab Emirates to the south.
Satellite image
Map of Strait of Hormuz with maritime political boundaries (2004)
Historical map of the area (1892)

The Strait of Hormuz ( z/ Persian: تنگه هرمز‎‎ Tange-ye Hormoz About this sound  listen  is a strait between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. It provides the only sea passage from the Persian Gulf to the open ocean and is one of the world's most strategically important choke points. On the north coast lies Iran, and on the south coast the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman. At its narrowest, the strait has a width of 29 nautical miles (54 km). [1]

About 20% of the world's petroleum (about 35% of the petroleum traded by sea) passes through the strait, making it a highly important strategic location for international trade. [1]

Etymology

The opening to the Persian Gulf was described, but not given a name, in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, a 1st-century mariner's guide:

"At the upper end of these Calaei islands is a range of mountains called Calon, and there follows not far beyond, the mouth of the Persian Gulf, where there is much diving for the pearl-mussel. To the left of the straits are great mountains called Asabon and to the right there rises in full view another round and high mountain called Semiramis; between them the passage across the strait is about six hundred stadia; beyond which that very great and broad sea, the Persian Gulf, reaches far into the interior. At the upper end of this gulf there is a market-town designated by law called Apologus, situated near Charaex Spasini and the River Euphrates."

— Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, Chapter 35

In the 10th–17th centuries AD, the Kingdom of Ormus, which seems to have given the strait its name, was located here. Scholars, historians and linguists derive the name "Ormuz" from the local Persian word هورمغ Hur- mogh meaning date palm. [2][ dubious ] In the local dialects of Hurmoz and Minab this strait is still called Hurmogh and has the aforementioned meaning.[ citation needed] The resemblance of this word with the name of the Persian god هرمز Hormoz (a variant of Ahura Mazda) has resulted in the popular belief[ citation needed][ neutrality is disputed] that these words are related.

Other Languages
العربية: مضيق هرمز
azərbaycanca: Hörmüz boğazı
башҡортса: Һормуз боғаҙы
беларуская: Армузскі праліў
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Армуская пратока
български: Ормузки проток
Чӑвашла: Ормус пырĕ
Cymraeg: Culfor Hormuz
Esperanto: Hormuza Markolo
فارسی: تنگه هرمز
français: Détroit d'Ormuz
Bahasa Indonesia: Selat Hormuz
íslenska: Hormússund
Kiswahili: Mlango wa Hormuz
latviešu: Hormuzs
Lëtzebuergesch: Strooss vun Hormus
македонски: Ормуски Проток
მარგალური: ჰორმუზიშ საროტი
Nederlands: Straat van Hormuz
norsk nynorsk: Hormuzsundet
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Hoʻrmuz boʻgʻozi
português: Estreito de Ormuz
Simple English: Strait of Hormuz
slovenčina: Hormuzský prieliv
slovenščina: Hormuška ožina
српски / srpski: Ормуски пролаз
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hormuški tjesnac
Basa Sunda: Selat Hormuz
svenska: Hormuzsundet
татарча/tatarça: Ормуз бугазы
українська: Ормузька протока
Tiếng Việt: Eo biển Hormuz