Stingless bee

Stingless bees
Temporal range: Cretaceous-Present
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Meliponula ferruginea.jpg
Meliponula ferruginea
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Apidae
Subfamily: Apinae
Tribe: Meliponini
Lepeletier, 1836
Genera

Austroplebeia
Cephalotrigona
Cleptotrigona
Cretotrigona
Dactylurina
Exebotrigona
Frieseomelitta
Hypotrigona
Kelneriapis
Lestrimelitta
Leurotrigona
Liotrigona
Liotrigonopsis
Lisotrigona
Melipona
Meliponorytes
Meliponula
Meliwillea
Nannotrigona
Nogueirapis
Oxytrigona
Paratrigona
Pariotrigona
Paratrigonoides
Partamona
Plebeia
Plebeina
Proplebeia
Scaptotrigona
Tetragonisca
Tetragonula
Trichotrigona
Trigona
Trigonisca

Collecting nectar from mustard flower (Photographed from Areacode, Kerala, India)

Stingless bees, sometimes called stingless honey bees or simply meliponines, are a large group of bees (about 500 species), comprising the tribe Meliponini [1] (or subtribe Meliponina according to other authors [2]). They belong in the family Apidae, and are closely related to common honey bees, carpenter bees, orchid bees, and bumblebees. [3] Meliponines have stingers, but they are highly reduced and cannot be used for defense, though these bees exhibit other defensive behaviors and mechanisms. Meliponines are not the only type of "stingless" bee; all male bees and many female bees of several other families, such as Andrenidae, also cannot sting. [1]

Range

Stingless bees can be found in most tropical or subtropical regions of the world, such as Australia, Africa, Southeast Asia, and tropical America. [1] [2] The majority of native eusocial bees of Central and South America are stingless bees, although only a few of them produce honey on a scale such that they are farmed by humans. [4] [5] They are also quite diverse in Africa, including Madagascar, [6] and are farmed there also; meliponine honey is prized as a medicine in many African communities, as well as in South America. [7]

Other Languages
Bikol Central: Lukot
español: Meliponini
Esperanto: Meliponino
français: Meliponini
italiano: Meliponini
Bahasa Melayu: Lebah kelulut
Nederlands: Meliponini
português: Meliponini
русский: Meliponini
svenska: Gaddlösa bin
Tiếng Việt: Ong dú