State of Mexico

State of Mexico
Estado Libre y Soberano de México
State
State of Mexico
Flag of State of Mexico
Flag
Official seal of State of Mexico
Seal
Motto(s): Libertad, Trabajo, Cultura
(Freedom, Work, Culture)
Anthem: Himno al Estado de México
State of México within Mexico
State of México within Mexico
Coordinates: 19°21′N 99°38′W / 19°21′N 99°38′W / 19.350; -99.633
CountryMexico
CapitalToluca de Lerdo
Largest CityEcatepec de Morelos
Largest metro areaGreater Mexico City
AdmissionDecember 20, 1823[1]
Order1st
Government
 • GovernorAlfredo del Mazo Maza PRI
 • Senators[2]Ana Lilia Herrera PRI
María Elena Barrera PVE
Alejandro Encinas PRD
 • Deputies[3]
Area[4]
 • Total22,351 km2 (8,630 sq mi)
 Ranked 25th
Highest elevation[5]5,500 m (18,000 ft)
Population (2015)[6]
 • Total16,187,608
 • Rank1st
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 • Density rank1st
Demonym(s)Mexiquense
Time zoneCST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code50-57
Area code
ISO 3166 codeMX-MEX
HDIDecrease 0.742 high Ranked 19th
GDPUS $71.25 billion [a]
WebsiteOfficial Web Site
^ a. The state's GDP was 1,230,628 million pesos in 2015,[7] corresponding to USD $71.25 billion, with a dollar worth 17.2710 pesos (value of December 30, 2015).[8]

The State of Mexico (Spanish: Estado de México, pronounced [esˈtaðo ðe ˈmexiko] (About this sound listen)) is one of the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is the most populous, as well as the most densely populated state. It is divided into 125 municipalities and its capital city is Toluca de Lerdo.

The State of Mexico is often abbreviated to "Edomex" from Estado de México in Spanish, to distinguish it from the name of the whole country. It is located in South-Central Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Querétaro and Hidalgo to the north, Morelos and Guerrero to the south, Michoacán to the west, Tlaxcala and Puebla to the east,[9] and surrounds on three sides Mexico City (the former Federal District).

The state’s origins are in the territory of the Aztec Empire, which remained a political division of the New Spain during the Spanish colonial period. After Independence, Mexico City was chosen as the capital of the new nation; its territory was separated out of the state. Years later, parts of the state were broken off to form the states of Hidalgo, Guerrero and Morelos. These territorial separations have left the state with the size and shape it has today, with the Toluca Valley to the west of Mexico City and a panhandle that extends around the north and east of this entity.

The state name is simply México according to the 1917 Constitution of the United Mexican States, but to distinguish it from both the city and the country it is most often called Estado de México. The demonym used to refer to people and things from the state is mexiquense, distinct from mexicano ("Mexican"), which describes the people or things from the country as a whole.

Origin and etymology

Mēxihco was originally the Nahuatl name for the Valley of Mexico where in the cities of the Mexica (the proper name for the Aztec Triple Alliance) were located. As such, the district that became Mexico City was properly known as Mexico-Tenochtitlan in the years shortly before and after Spanish conquest. After the Spanish Conquest, the term México came to be used for Tenochtitlan/Mexico City and all the pre-conquest lands it controlled, including several other aforementioned Mexican states originally incorporated in the boundaries of the Mexico state.

There are two possible origins for the name “Mexico.” The first is that it derives from metztli (moon) and xictla (navel) to mean from the navel of the moon. This comes from the old Aztec idea that the craters on the moon form a rabbit figure with one crater imitating a navel. The other possible origin is that it is derived from “Mextictli” an alternate name for the god Huitzilopochtli.[10]

Anáhuac was the proper term for all territories dominated by the Aztec Empire, from Cem Anáhuac, "the entire earth" or "surrounded by waters" e.g. the waters of Lake Texcoco which were considered to be the center of the Aztec world,[11][12] and as such was proposed as an early name for the entire nation of Mexico prior to independence, to distinguish it from the (preexisting) administrative division of New Spain that became the State of Mexico.[13]

Other Languages
العربية: ولاية مكسيكو
aragonés: Estato de Mexico
Avañe'ẽ: Tetãvore Méhiko
Aymar aru: Mïxiku Istadu
Bân-lâm-gú: México Chiu
беларуская: Мехіка (штат)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мэхіка (штат)
български: Мексико (щат)
brezhoneg: Stad Mec'hiko
čeština: México
français: État de Mexico
한국어: 멕시코 주
Bahasa Indonesia: Meksiko (negara bagian)
interlingua: Stato Mexico
italiano: Messico (stato)
Kapampangan: Mexico State
kernowek: Stat Meksiko
Kiswahili: Mexico (jimbo)
latviešu: Mehiko (štats)
مازِرونی: مکزیک ایالت
Bahasa Melayu: Mexico (negeri)
Nederlands: Mexico (staat)
日本語: メヒコ州
norsk nynorsk: Delstaten México
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mexiko
português: México (estado)
română: México (stat)
Runa Simi: Mishiku suyu
русский: Мехико (штат)
Simple English: Mexico (state)
српски / srpski: Мексико (држава)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: México (savezna država)
українська: Мехіко (штат)
Tiếng Việt: México (bang)
粵語: 墨西哥州
中文: 墨西哥州