for other uses, see standard chinese (disambiguation).
"huayu" redirects here. for other uses, see huayu (disambiguation).
standard form of chinese and the official language of china
modern standard mandarin
普通话 / 普通話pǔtōnghuà 国语 / 國語guóyǔ 华语 / 華語huáyǔ
china, taiwan, singapore
(has begun acquiring native speakers cited 1988, 2014) l2 speakers: 7% of china (2014)
traditional chinese simplified chinese mainland chinese braille taiwanese braille two-cell chinese braille
official language in
china (as putonghua)
taiwan (de facto; as guoyu)
singapore (as huayu)
shanghai cooperation organisation
myanmar (wa state)
national language regulating committee [zh] (china) national languages committee (taiwan) promote mandarin council (singapore) chinese language standardisation council (malaysia)
goyu (guoyu) huyu (huayu) cosc (putonghua)
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common name in mainland china
common name in taiwan
common name in singapore and southeast asia
standard chinese, also known as modern standard mandarin, standard mandarin, modern standard mandarin chinese (msmc), or simply mandarin, is a standardvariety of chinese that is one of the official languages of china. its pronunciation is based on the beijing dialect, its vocabulary on the mandarin dialects, and its grammar is based on written vernacular chinese. the similar taiwanese mandarin is a national language of taiwan. standard singaporean mandarin is one of the four official languages of singapore.
like other varieties of chinese, standard chinese is a tonal language with topic-prominent organization and subject–verb–object word order. it has more initial consonants but fewer vowels, final consonants and tones than southern varieties. standard chinese is an analytic language, though with many compound words.
standard chinese is a standardised form of the language called putonghua in mainland china. guoyu (standard taiwanese mandarin) is a similar linguistic standard in taiwan. aside from a number of differences in pronunciation and vocabulary, putonghua is written using simplified chinese characters (plus hanyu pinyinromanization for teaching), and guoyu is written using traditional chinese characters (plus zhuyin for teaching). many characters are identical between the two systems.