Standard Chinese

  • standard chinese
    modern standard mandarin
    普通话 / 普通話 pǔtōnghuà
    国语 / 國語 guóyǔ
    华语 / 華語 huáyǔ
    native tochina, taiwan, singapore
    native speakers
    (has begun acquiring native speakers cited 1988, 2014)[1][2]
    l2 speakers: 7% of china (2014)[3][4]
    language family
    sino-tibetan
    • sinitic
      • mandarin
        • beijing dialect
          • standard chinese
    early form
    middle mandarin
    writing system
    traditional chinese
    simplified chinese
    mainland chinese braille
    taiwanese braille
    two-cell chinese braille
    signed forms
    wenfa shouyu[5]
    official status
    official language in
    •  china (as putonghua)
    •  taiwan (de facto; as guoyu)
    •  singapore (as huayu)
    •  united nations
    • shanghai cooperation organisation
    •  myanmar (wa state)
    •  asean[6]
    regulated by national language regulating committee [zh] (china)[7]
    national languages committee (taiwan)
    promote mandarin council (singapore)
    chinese language standardisation council (malaysia)
    language codes
    iso 639-3
    iso 639-6goyu (guoyu)
    huyu (huayu)
    cosc (putonghua)
    glottolognone
    this article contains ipa phonetic symbols. without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of unicode characters. for an introductory guide on ipa symbols, see help:ipa.
    common name in mainland china
    traditional chinese普通話
    simplified chinese普通话
    literal meaningcommon speech
    common name in taiwan
    traditional chinese國語
    simplified chinese国语
    literal meaningstandard mandarin
    hanyu pinyinguóyǔ
    wade–gileskuo2-yü3
    yale romanizationgwóyǔ
    ipa[kwǒ.ỳ]
    common name in singapore and southeast asiatraditional chinese華語simplified chinese华语literal meaningchinese language

    standard chinese, also known as modern standard mandarin, standard mandarin, modern standard mandarin chinese (msmc), or simply mandarin, is a standard variety of chinese that is one of the official languages of china. its pronunciation is based on the beijing dialect, its vocabulary on the mandarin dialects, and its grammar is based on written vernacular chinese. the similar taiwanese mandarin is a national language of taiwan. standard singaporean mandarin is one of the four official languages of singapore.

    like other varieties of chinese, standard chinese is a tonal language with topic-prominent organization and subject–verb–object word order. it has more initial consonants but fewer vowels, final consonants and tones than southern varieties. standard chinese is an analytic language, though with many compound words.

    standard chinese is a standardised form of the language called putonghua in mainland china. guoyu (standard taiwanese mandarin) is a similar linguistic standard in taiwan. aside from a number of differences in pronunciation and vocabulary, putonghua is written using simplified chinese characters (plus hanyu pinyin romanization for teaching), and guoyu is written using traditional chinese characters (plus zhuyin for teaching). many characters are identical between the two systems.

  • names
  • history
  • current role
  • phonology
  • grammar
  • vocabulary
  • writing system
  • examples
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Standard Chinese
Modern Standard Mandarin
普通话 / 普通話 Pǔtōnghuà
国语 / 國語 Guóyǔ
华语 / 華語 Huáyǔ
Native toChina, Taiwan, Singapore
Native speakers
(has begun acquiring native speakers cited 1988, 2014)[1][2]
L2 speakers: 7% of China (2014)[3][4]
Early form
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Mainland Chinese Braille
Taiwanese Braille
Two-Cell Chinese Braille
Wenfa Shouyu[5]
Official status
Official language in
Regulated by National Language Regulating Committee [zh] (China)[7]
National Languages Committee (Taiwan)
Promote Mandarin Council (Singapore)
Chinese Language Standardisation Council (Malaysia)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6goyu (Guoyu)
huyu (Huayu)
cosc (Putonghua)
GlottologNone
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Common name in mainland China
Traditional Chinese普通話
Simplified Chinese普通话
Literal meaningCommon speech
Common name in Taiwan
Traditional Chinese國語
Simplified Chinese国语
Literal meaningStandard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinGuóyǔ
Wade–GilesKuo2-yü3
Yale Romanizationgwóyǔ
IPA[kwǒ.ỳ]
Common name in Singapore and Southeast AsiaTraditional Chinese華語Simplified Chinese华语Literal meaningChinese language

Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, Modern Standard Mandarin Chinese (MSMC), or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is one of the official languages of China. Its pronunciation is based on the Beijing dialect, its vocabulary on the Mandarin dialects, and its grammar is based on written vernacular Chinese. The similar Taiwanese Mandarin is a national language of Taiwan. Standard Singaporean Mandarin is one of the four official languages of Singapore.

Like other varieties of Chinese, Standard Chinese is a tonal language with topic-prominent organization and subject–verb–object word order. It has more initial consonants but fewer vowels, final consonants and tones than southern varieties. Standard Chinese is an analytic language, though with many compound words.

Standard Chinese is a standardised form of the language called Putonghua in Mainland China. Guoyu (Standard Taiwanese Mandarin) is a similar linguistic standard in Taiwan. Aside from a number of differences in pronunciation and vocabulary, Putonghua is written using simplified Chinese characters (plus Hanyu Pinyin romanization for teaching), and Guoyu is written using traditional Chinese characters (plus Zhuyin for teaching). Many characters are identical between the two systems.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Hochchinesisch
Boarisch: Houkinäsisch
한국어: 표준 중국어
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Tionghoa Baku
Lingua Franca Nova: Putong (lingua)
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Cina Baku
Nederlands: Standaardmandarijn
Nedersaksies: Standaardchineesk
日本語: 標準中国語
Nordfriisk: Huuchsjineesk
norsk nynorsk: Standard mandarin
português: Mandarim padrão
Seeltersk: Hoochchinesisk
Simple English: Standard Chinese
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Standardni mandarinski jezik
Türkçe: Standart Çince
Tiếng Việt: Hán ngữ tiêu chuẩn
粵語: 國語