St. Knut's Day

Saint Knut's Day
Knut Lavard.jpg
Canute Lavard
Also calledTjugondag jul, Tjugondag Knut, Knutomasso
Observed bySweden, Finland
Date13 January
Next time13 January 2019 (2019-01-13)
Frequencyannual

Tjugondag jul ("Twentieth Day Yule"), or Tjugondag Knut ("Twentieth Day Knut"), or Knutomasso,[1] or Nuutinpäivä ("Knut's Day"), in English Saint Knut's Day,[2] is a traditional festival celebrated in Sweden and Finland on 13 January. It is not celebrated on this date in Denmark (the Knut day was moved in Sweden, not in Denmark) despite being named for the Danish prince Canute Lavard, and later also associated with his uncle, Canute the Saint, the patron saint of Denmark.[3][4][5] Christmas trees are taken down on Tjugondag jul, and the candies and cookies that decorated the tree are eaten. In Sweden, the feast held during this event is called a Knut's party (Julgransplundring, literally "Christmas tree plundering").[6]

Origins

Canute Lavard (Knut Levard in Swedish) was a Danish duke who was assassinated by his cousin and rival Magnus Nilsson on 7 January 1131 so he could usurp the Danish throne.[7][8] In the aftermath of his death there was a civil war, which led to Knut being later declared a saint, and 7 January became Knut's Day, a name day.[3]

As his name day roughly coincided with Epiphany (the "thirteenth day of Christmas"), Knut's Day and Epiphany were conflated to some degree. In 1680, Knut's Day was moved to 13 January and became known as tjugondag Knut or tjugondedag jul (the "twentieth day of Knut/Christmas").[8]

Other Languages
Deutsch: St.-Knuts-Tag
eesti: Nuudipäev
Bahasa Indonesia: Hari Santo Knud
Bahasa Melayu: Hari St. Knut
Nederlands: Sint-Knoetsdag
norsk nynorsk: Tjuandedag jul
Türkçe: St. Knut Günü