Southern Africa

  Southern Africa (UN subregion)
  Geographic, including above

Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Eswatini (also known as Swaziland), Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, though Angola may be included in Central Africa and Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe in East Africa. From a political perspective the region is said to be unipolar with South Africa as a first regional power.

Definitions and usage

Another geographic delineation for the region is the portion of Africa south of the Cunene and Zambezi Rivers – that is: South Africa, Lesotho, Eswatini, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and the part of Mozambique which lies south of the Zambezi River. This definition is most often used in South Africa for natural sciences and particularly in guide books such as Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa, the Southern African Bird Atlas Project and Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. It is not used in political, economic or human geography contexts because this definition cuts Mozambique in two.

UN scheme of geographic regions and SACU

In the United Nations scheme of geographic regions, five states constitute Southern Africa:[1]

The Southern African Customs Union (SACU), created in 1969, also comprises the five states in the UN subregion of Southern Africa.[2]

SADC membership

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) was established in 1980 to facilitate co-operation in the region. It includes:[3]

General usages

The region is sometimes reckoned to include other territories:

The Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania, though more commonly reckoned in Central and Eastern Africa, respectively, are occasionally included in Southern Africa as they are SADC members.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Suider-Afrika
asturianu: África Austral
azərbaycanca: Cənubi Afrika
Bân-lâm-gú: Lâm Hui-chiu
беларуская: Паўднёвая Афрыка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Паўднёвая Афрыка
Bikol Central: Aprikang Habagatan
български: Южна Африка
brezhoneg: Afrika ar Su
čeština: Jižní Afrika
español: África austral
Esperanto: Suda Afriko
français: Afrique australe
한국어: 남아프리카
Bahasa Indonesia: Afrika bagian selatan
Kiswahili: Afrika ya Kusini
Kreyòl ayisyen: Afrik disid (zòn)
lietuvių: Pietų Afrika
Lingua Franca Nova: Africa sude
მარგალური: ობჟათე აფრიკა
Bahasa Melayu: Selatan Afrika
монгол: Өмнөд Африк
Nederlands: Zuidelijk Afrika
norsk nynorsk: Sørlege Afrika
português: África Austral
Qaraqalpaqsha: Qubla Afrika
română: Africa Sudică
русский: Южная Африка
Sesotho sa Leboa: Borwa ba Afrika
slovenščina: Južna Afrika (regija)
Soomaaliga: Koonfurta Afrika
српски / srpski: Јужна Африка
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Južna Afrika (regija)
svenska: Södra Afrika
татарча/tatarça: Көньяк Африка
Türkçe: Güney Afrika
Türkmençe: Günorta Afrika
українська: Південна Африка
Tiếng Việt: Nam Phi (khu vực)
吴语: 南部非洲
粵語: 非洲南部
中文: 南部非洲