South Sudan

  • republic of south sudan

    flag of south sudan
    flag
    coat of arms of south sudan
    coat of arms
    motto: "justice, liberty, prosperity"
    anthem: "south sudan oyee!"
    location of south sudan (dark blue) – in africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the african union (light blue)
    location of south sudan (dark blue)

    – in africa (light blue & dark grey)
    – in the african union (light blue)

    location of south sudan
    capital
    and largest city
    juba
    04°51′n 31°36′e / 04°51′n 31°36′e / 4.850; 31.600
    official languagesenglish[1]
    recognised national languages
    • bari
    • dinka
    • luo
    • murle
    • nuer
    • zande
    and around 60 other languages
    [note 1]
    spoken languages[7]
    • juba arabic[3][4][5][6]
    • english
    • bari
    • dinka
    • luo
    • murle
    • nuer
    • zande
    • various others
    demonym(s)south sudanese
    governmentfederal presidential constitutional republic[8]
    • president
    salva kiir mayardit
    • first vice president
    riek machar[9]
    • second vice president
    james wani igga[9]
    • third vice president
    taban deng gai[9]
    • fourth vice president
    rebecca nyandeng de mabior[9]
    • fifth vice president
    hussein abdelbagi[9]
    legislaturetransitional national legislative assembly
    establishment
    • end of anglo-egyptian sudan
    1 january 1956
    • comprehensive peace agreement
    6 january 2005
    • autonomy
    9 july 2005
    • independence from sudan
    9 july 2011
    • united nations admission
    13 july 2011
    area
    • total
    619,745 km2 (239,285 sq mi) (41st)
    population
    • 2018 estimate
    10,975,927[10][11]
    • 2008 census
    8,260,490 (disputed)[12] (94th)
    • density
    13.33/km2 (34.5/sq mi) (214th)
    gdp (ppp)2018 estimate
    • total
    $18.435 billion[13]
    • per capita
    $1,420[13]
    gdp (nominal)2018 estimate
    • total
    $3.194 billion[13]
    • per capita
    $246[13]
    gini (2009)45.5[14]
    medium
    hdi (2018)increase 0.413[15]
    low · 186th
    currencysouth sudanese pound (ssp)
    time zoneutc+3 (east africa time)
    driving sideright[16]
    calling code+211[17]
    iso 3166 codess
    internet tld.ss[18]a
    1. registered, but not yet operational.

    south sudan (n/),[19][20] officially known as the republic of south sudan [21] (dinka: paguot thudän) is a landlocked country in east-central africa.[22][23] it gained independence from the republic of the sudan in 2011, making it the most recent sovereign state or country with widespread recognition.[24] its capital and largest city is juba.

    south sudan is bordered by sudan to the north, ethiopia to the east, kenya to the southeast, uganda to the south, the democratic republic of the congo to the southwest and the central african republic to the west. it includes the vast swamp region of the sudd, formed by the white nile and known locally as the bahr al jabal (arabic: بحر الجبل‎), meaning "mountain sea". sudan was occupied by egypt under the muhammad ali dynasty and was governed as an anglo-egyptian condominium until sudanese independence in 1956. following the first sudanese civil war, the southern sudan autonomous region was formed in 1972 and lasted until 1983. a second sudanese civil war soon broke out, ending in 2005 with the comprehensive peace agreement. later that year, southern autonomy was restored when an autonomous government of southern sudan was formed. south sudan became an independent state on 9 july 2011, following 98.83% support for independence in a january 2011 referendum.[25][26] it has suffered ethnic violence and endured a civil war from 2013 until february 22, 2020, when south sudan rivals salva kiir and riek machar struck a unity deal and formed a coalition government.[27]

    south sudan has a population of 12 million, mostly of the nilotic peoples, and it is demographically among the youngest nations in the world, with roughly half under 18 years old.[28] the majority of inhabitants adhere to christianity or various traditional faiths. the country is a member of the united nations,[29][30] the african union,[31] the east african community[32] the intergovernmental authority on development.[33] and is a party to the geneva conventions.[34] as of 2019, south sudan ranks lowest in the latest un world happiness report,[35] second lowest on the global peace index, and has the third-highest score on the american fund for peace's fragile states index.[36]

  • history
  • politics
  • geography
  • demographics
  • culture
  • economy
  • transport
  • humanitarian situation
  • notable people
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Republic of South Sudan

Motto: "Justice, Liberty, Prosperity"
Location of South Sudan (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)
Location of South Sudan (dark blue)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

Location of South Sudan
Capital
and largest city
Juba
04°51′N 31°36′E / 04°51′N 31°36′E / 4.850; 31.600
Official languagesEnglish[1]
Recognised national languages
and around 60 other languages
[note 1]
Spoken languages[7]
Demonym(s)South Sudanese
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic[8]
• President
Salva Kiir Mayardit
Riek Machar[9]
James Wani Igga[9]
Taban Deng Gai[9]
Rebecca Nyandeng De Mabior[9]
Hussein Abdelbagi[9]
LegislatureTransitional National Legislative Assembly
Establishment
1 January 1956
6 January 2005
• Autonomy
9 July 2005
• Independence from Sudan
9 July 2011
13 July 2011
Area
• Total
619,745 km2 (239,285 sq mi) (41st)
Population
• 2018 estimate
10,975,927[10][11]
• 2008 census
8,260,490 (disputed)[12] (94th)
• Density
13.33/km2 (34.5/sq mi) (214th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$18.435 billion[13]
• Per capita
$1,420[13]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$3.194 billion[13]
• Per capita
$246[13]
Gini (2009)45.5[14]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.413[15]
low · 186th
CurrencySouth Sudanese pound (SSP)
Time zoneUTC+3 (East Africa Time)
Driving sideright[16]
Calling code+211[17]
ISO 3166 codeSS
Internet TLD.ss[18]a
  1. Registered, but not yet operational.

South Sudan (n/),[19][20] officially known as the Republic of South Sudan [21] (Dinka: Paguot Thudän) is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.[22][23] It gained independence from the Republic of the Sudan in 2011, making it the most recent sovereign state or country with widespread recognition.[24] Its capital and largest city is Juba.

South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest and the Central African Republic to the west. It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal (Arabic: بحر الجبل‎), meaning "Mountain Sea". Sudan was occupied by Egypt under the Muhammad Ali dynasty and was governed as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium until Sudanese independence in 1956. Following the First Sudanese Civil War, the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region was formed in 1972 and lasted until 1983. A second Sudanese civil war soon broke out, ending in 2005 with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Later that year, southern autonomy was restored when an Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan was formed. South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, following 98.83% support for independence in a January 2011 referendum.[25][26] It has suffered ethnic violence and endured a civil war from 2013 until February 22, 2020, when South Sudan rivals Salva Kiir and Riek Machar struck a unity deal and formed a coalition government.[27]

South Sudan has a population of 12 million, mostly of the Nilotic peoples, and it is demographically among the youngest nations in the world, with roughly half under 18 years old.[28] The majority of inhabitants adhere to Christianity or various traditional faiths. The country is a member of the United Nations,[29][30] the African Union,[31] the East African Community[32] the Intergovernmental Authority on Development.[33] and is a party to the Geneva Conventions.[34] As of 2019, South Sudan ranks lowest in the latest UN World Happiness Report,[35] second lowest on the Global Peace Index, and has the third-highest score on the American Fund for Peace's Fragile States Index.[36]

Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Къыблэ Судан
Afrikaans: Suid-Soedan
Alemannisch: Südsudan
አማርኛ: ደቡብ ሱዳን
Ænglisc: Sūþsudan
العربية: جنوب السودان
aragonés: Sudán d'o Sud
asturianu: Sudán del Sur
azərbaycanca: Cənubi Sudan
تۆرکجه: جنوبی سودان
bamanankan: Worodugu Sudan
Bân-lâm-gú: Lâm Sudan
башҡортса: Көньяҡ Судан
беларуская: Паўднёвы Судан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Паўднёвы Судан
भोजपुरी: दक्खिन सूडान
Bikol Central: Habagatan Sudan
български: Южен Судан
bosanski: Južni Sudan
brezhoneg: Soudan ar Su
буряад: Урда Судан
català: Sudan del Sud
Чӑвашла: Кăнтăр Судан
čeština: Jižní Súdán
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Sudán del Sur
chiShona: South Sudan
Cymraeg: De Swdan
dansk: Sydsudan
davvisámegiella: Lulli-Sudan
Deutsch: Südsudan
dolnoserbski: Pódpołdnjowy Sudan
Ελληνικά: Νότιο Σουδάν
español: Sudán del Sur
Esperanto: Sud-Sudano
estremeñu: Sudán del Sul
euskara: Hego Sudan
eʋegbe: Anyiehe Sudã
føroyskt: Suðursudan
français: Soudan du Sud
Gàidhlig: Sudàn a Deas
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Nàm Sudan
한국어: 남수단
hornjoserbsce: Južny Sudan
hrvatski: Južni Sudan
Bahasa Indonesia: Sudan Selatan
interlingua: Sudan del Sud
Interlingue: Sud-Sudan
íslenska: Suður-Súdan
italiano: Sudan del Sud
Kapampangan: Mauling Sudan
kernowek: Soudan Soth
Kiswahili: Sudan Kusini
kriyòl gwiyannen: Soudan di Sid
Кыргызча: Түштүк Судан
кырык мары: Кечӹвӓлвел Судан
لۊری شومالی: سۊدان هارگٱ
latviešu: Dienvidsudāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Südsudan
lietuvių: Pietų Sudanas
Ligure: Sudan do Sud
Limburgs: Zuid-Soedan
Lingua Franca Nova: Sudan Sude
Livvinkarjala: Suvi Sudan
Luganda: South Sudan
lumbaart: Süd Sudan
magyar: Dél-Szudán
македонски: Јужен Судан
Malagasy: Sodàna Atsimo
მარგალური: ობჟათე სუდანი
مازِرونی: جنوبی سودان
Bahasa Melayu: Sudan Selatan
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nàng Sudan
Dorerin Naoero: South Sudan
Nederlands: Zuid-Soedan
Nedersaksies: Zuudsoedan
日本語: 南スーダン
нохчийн: Къилба Судан
Nordfriisk: Süüdsudaan
Norfuk / Pitkern: Sowth Sudan
norsk: Sør-Sudan
norsk nynorsk: Sør-Sudan
occitan: Sodan del Sud
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Janubiy Sudan
پنجابی: دکھن سوڈان
Patois: Sout Sudan
Перем Коми: Лунвыв Судан
Plattdüütsch: Süüdsudan
português: Sudão do Sul
Qaraqalpaqsha: Qubla Sudan
qırımtatarca: Cenübiy Sudan
Ripoarisch: Südsudan
română: Sudanul de Sud
rumantsch: Sudan dal Sid
Runa Simi: Urin Sudan
русский: Южный Судан
Sakizaya: South sudan
Seeltersk: Suud-Sudan
Sesotho: Sudan Borwa
sicilianu: Sudan dû Sud
Simple English: South Sudan
slovenčina: Južný Sudán
slovenščina: Južni Sudan
Soomaaliga: Koonfur Suudaan
српски / srpski: Јужни Судан
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Južni Sudan
svenska: Sydsudan
Tagalog: Timog Sudan
tarandíne: Sudan d'u Sud
татарча/tatarça: Көньяк Судан
Türkçe: Güney Sudan
Türkmençe: Günorta Sudan
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Paguot Thudän
українська: Південний Судан
Vahcuengh: Namz Sudan
vèneto: Sud Sudan
vepsän kel’: Suvisudan
Tiếng Việt: Nam Sudan
Volapük: Sulüda-Sudän
文言: 南蘇丹
吴语: 南蘇丹
Xitsonga: Sudan-Dzonga
ייִדיש: דרום סודאן
Yorùbá: Gúúsù Sudan
粵語: 南蘇丹
Zeêuws: Zuud-Soedan
žemaitėška: Pėitū Sodans
中文: 南蘇丹