South India

South India
Map of states and union territories in South India
Map of states and union territories in South India
CountryIndia
States and union territories
Most populous cities (2011)
Area
 • Total635,780 km2 (245,480 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total253,051,953
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Official languages

South India is the area including the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area (635,780 km2 or 245,480 sq mi). Covering the southern part of the peninsular Deccan Plateau, South India is bounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean in the south. The geography of the region is diverse with two mountain ranges — the Western and Eastern Ghats, bordering the plateau heartland. Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, Tungabhadra and Vaigai rivers are important non-perennial sources of water. Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Coimbatore and Kochi are the largest urban areas.

The majority of the people in South India speak one of the four major Dravidian languages: Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam. During its history, a number of dynastic kingdoms ruled over parts of South India whose invasions across southern and southeastern Asia impacted the history and culture in those regions. Major dynasties that were established in South India include the Cheras, Cholas, Pandyas, Pallavas, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas and Vijayanagara. Europeans entered India through Kerala and the region was colonised by Britain and other nations.

After experiencing fluctuations in the decades immediately after Indian independence, the economies of South Indian states have registered higher than national average growth over the past three decades. While South Indian states have improved in some socio-economic metrics, poverty continues to affect the region much like the rest of the country, although it has considerably decreased over the years. HDI in the southern states is high and the economy has undergone growth at a faster rate than most northern states. Literacy rates in the southern states are higher than the national average with approximately 80% of the population capable of reading and writing. The fertility rate in South India is 1.9, the lowest of all regions in India.

Etymology

South India

South India also known as Peninsular India has been known by several other names. The term "Deccan" referring to the area covered by the Deccan Plateau that covers most of peninsular India excluding the coastal areas is an anglicised form of the word Prakrit dakkhin derived from the Sanskrit word dakshina meaning south.[1] Carnatic derived from "Karnād" or "Karunād" meaning high country has also been associated with South India.[2]

Other Languages
العربية: جنوب الهند
български: Южна Индия
español: India del Sur
Esperanto: Suda Barato
فارسی: جنوب هند
français: Inde du Sud
한국어: 남인도
hrvatski: Južna Indija
Bahasa Indonesia: India Selatan
Bahasa Melayu: India Selatan
Baso Minangkabau: India Salatan
Nederlands: Zuid-India
日本語: 南インド
norsk: Sør-India
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਦੱਖਣੀ ਭਾਰਤ
پنجابی: دکھنی بھارت
português: Índia do Sul
русский: Южная Индия
संस्कृतम्: दक्षिणभारतम्
Simple English: South India
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Južna Indija
svenska: Sydindien
українська: Південна Індія
Tiếng Việt: Nam Ấn Độ
吴语: 南印度
粵語: 南印度
中文: 印度南部