South Georgia Island

South Georgia
Thatcher-Peninsula.jpg
Central South Georgia
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Map of South Georgia Island
Geography
LocationSouth Atlantic
Coordinates54°24′S 36°42′W / 54°24′S 36°42′W / -54.4; -36.7
ArchipelagoSouth Georgia group
Length167.4 km (104.02 mi)
Width37 km (23 mi)
Highest elevation2,934 m (9,626 ft)
Highest pointMount Paget
Largest settlementGrytviken
Demographics
Population32 (summer)
16 (winter)

South Georgia is an island in the southern Atlantic Ocean that is part of the British Overseas territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The main settlement is Grytviken. South Georgia is 167.4 kilometres (104 mi) long and 1.4 to 37 km (0.9 to 23.0 miles) wide.[1] It is about 830 km (520 mi) northeast of Coronation Island and 550 km (340 mi) northwest from Zavodovski Island, the nearest South Sandwich island.

History

The Island of South Georgia is said to have been first sighted in 1675 by Anthony de la Roché, a London merchant, and was named Roche Island on a number of early maps. It was sighted by a commercial Spanish ship named León operating out of Saint-Malo on 28 June or 29 June 1756.[2]

Commercial sealing was conducted on the island between 1786 and 1913. During that period 131 sealing visits are recorded, eight of which ended when the vessel was wrecked.[3] Modern industrial sealing associated with whaling stations was carried out between 1909 and 1964. Sealing era relics include iron trypots, hut ruins, graves and inscriptions.

Argentine occupation

On 19 March 1982, a group of Argentinians arrived at Leith Harbour and raised the Argentine flag on the island. On 3 April, the second day of the Falklands War, Argentine naval forces formally annexed the island. South Georgia was retaken by British forces on 25 April during Operation Paraquet.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Cənubi Georgiya
беларуская: Паўднёвая Георгія
Boarisch: Südgeorgien
bosanski: Južna Georgia
brezhoneg: Georgia ar Su
čeština: Jižní Georgie
Deutsch: Südgeorgien
Esperanto: Sud-Georgioj
français: Géorgie du Sud
hrvatski: Južna Georgia
italiano: Georgia del Sud
Kiswahili: South Georgia
Nederlands: Zuid-Georgia
norsk nynorsk: Sør-Georgia
português: Geórgia do Sul
svenska: Sydgeorgien
українська: Південна Джорджія
粵語: 南佐治亞
中文: 南佐治亞