South Asia

  • south asia
    south asia (orthographic projection).svg
    area5,134,641 km2 (1,982,496 sq mi)
    population1,814,014,121 (2018) (1st)[1][2]
    population density362.3/km2 (938/sq mi)
    gdp (ppp)$12.752 trillion (2018)[3]
    gdp (nominal)$3.461 trillion (2018)[3]
    gdp per capita$1,908 (nominal)[3]
    $7,029 (ppp)[3]
    hdiincrease0.642 (medium)[4]
    ethnic groupsindo-aryan, iranian, dravidian, sino-tibetan, austroasiatic, etc.
    religionshinduism, islam, christianity, buddhism, sikhism, jainism, zoroastrianism
    demonymsouth asian
    countries
    dependencies
    •  british indian ocean territory
    languages
    time zones
    internet tld.af, .bd, .bt, .in,
    .lk, .mv, .np, .pk
    calling codezone 8 & 9
    largest cities[note 1]
    un m49 code034 – southern asia
    142asia
    001world

    south asia or southern asia, is the southern region of the asian continent, which comprises the sub-himalayan saarc countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east. topographically, it is dominated by the indian plate, which rises above sea level as nepal and northern parts of india situated south of the himalayas and the hindu kush. south asia is bounded on the south by the indian ocean and on land (clockwise, from west) by western asia, central asia, east asia and southeast asia.

    the current territories of afghanistan, bangladesh, bhutan, maldives, nepal, india, pakistan and sri lanka form south asia.[5] the south asian association for regional cooperation (saarc) is an economic cooperation organisation in the region which was established in 1985 and includes all eight nations comprising south asia.[6]

    south asia covers about 5.2 million km2 (2 million mi2), which is 11.71% of the asian continent or 3.5% of the world's land surface area.[5] the population of south asia is about 1.891 billion or about one fourth of the world's population, making it both the most populous and the most densely populated geographical region in the world.[7] overall, it accounts for about 39.49% of asia's population, over 24% of the world's population, and is home to a vast array of people.[8][9][10]

    in 2010, south asia had the world's largest populations of hindus, muslims, sikhs, jains and zoroastrians. south asia alone accounts for 98.47% population of global hindus, 90.5% of global sikhs, 31% of global muslims,[11][12][13] 35 million christians and 25 million buddhists.[14]

  • definitions
  • history
  • geography
  • regional groups of countries
  • demographics and population projections
  • economy
  • health and nutrition
  • general statistical data
  • governance and politics
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

South Asia
South Asia (orthographic projection).svg
Area5,134,641 km2 (1,982,496 sq mi)
Population1,814,014,121 (2018) (1st)[1][2]
Population density362.3/km2 (938/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)$12.752 trillion (2018)[3]
GDP (nominal)$3.461 trillion (2018)[3]
GDP per capita$1,908 (nominal)[3]
$7,029 (PPP)[3]
HDIIncrease0.642 (medium)[4]
Ethnic groupsIndo-Aryan, Iranian, Dravidian, Sino-Tibetan, Austroasiatic, etc.
ReligionsHinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism
DemonymSouth Asian
Countries
Dependencies
Languages
Time zones
Internet TLD.af, .bd, .bt, .in,
.lk, .mv, .np, .pk
Calling codeZone 8 & 9
Largest cities[note 1]
UN M49 code034 – Southern Asia
142Asia
001World

South Asia or Southern Asia, is the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east. Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush. South Asia is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean and on land (clockwise, from west) by Western Asia, Central Asia, East Asia and Southeast Asia.

The current territories of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka form South Asia.[5] The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic cooperation organisation in the region which was established in 1985 and includes all eight nations comprising South Asia.[6]

South Asia covers about 5.2 million km2 (2 million mi2), which is 11.71% of the Asian continent or 3.5% of the world's land surface area.[5] The population of South Asia is about 1.891 billion or about one fourth of the world's population, making it both the most populous and the most densely populated geographical region in the world.[7] Overall, it accounts for about 39.49% of Asia's population, over 24% of the world's population, and is home to a vast array of people.[8][9][10]

In 2010, South Asia had the world's largest populations of Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains and Zoroastrians. South Asia alone accounts for 98.47% population of global Hindus, 90.5% of global Sikhs, 31% of global Muslims,[11][12][13] 35 million Christians and 25 million Buddhists.[14]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Suid-Asië
አማርኛ: ደቡብ እስያ
العربية: جنوب آسيا
asturianu: Asia del Sur
Avañe'ẽ: Ñemby Asia
azərbaycanca: Cənubi Asiya
تۆرکجه: گونئی آسیا
Bân-lâm-gú: Lâm A-chiu
беларуская: Паўднёвая Азія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Паўднёвая Азія
भोजपुरी: दक्खिन एशिया
български: Южна Азия
Boarisch: Sidasien
bosanski: Južna Azija
brezhoneg: Azia ar Su
Чӑвашла: Кăнтăр Ази
čeština: Jižní Asie
Cymraeg: De Asia
dansk: Sydasien
Deutsch: Südasien
ދިވެހިބަސް: ދެކުނު އޭޝިޔާ
Ελληνικά: Νότια Ασία
español: Asia del Sur
Esperanto: Suda Azio
فارسی: جنوب آسیا
Fiji Hindi: South Asia
français: Asie du Sud
Frysk: Súd-Aazje
ગુજરાતી: દક્ષિણ એશિયા
한국어: 남아시아
hrvatski: Južna Azija
Bahasa Indonesia: Asia Selatan
íslenska: Suður-Asía
עברית: דרום אסיה
Kapampangan: Mauling Asia
kernowek: Asi Soth
Kiswahili: Asia ya Kusini
Кыргызча: Түштүк Азия
latviešu: Dienvidāzija
lietuvių: Pietų Azija
lingála: Azía ya Sidi
Lingua Franca Nova: Asia sude
magyar: Dél-Ázsia
македонски: Јужна Азија
Malagasy: Azia Atsimo
മലയാളം: ദക്ഷിണേഷ്യ
მარგალური: ობჟათე აზია
Bahasa Melayu: Asia Selatan
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nàng-ā
монгол: Өмнөд Ази
Nederlands: Zuid-Azië
नेपाल भाषा: दक्षिण एसिया
日本語: 南アジア
нохчийн: Къилба Ази
Nordfriisk: Süüdaasien
norsk: Sør-Asia
norsk nynorsk: Sør-Asia
occitan: Asia del Sud
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Janubiy Osiyo
پنجابی: دکھنی ایشیا
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អាស៊ីខាងត្បូង
português: Ásia Meridional
Qaraqalpaqsha: Qubla Aziya
română: Asia de Sud
romani čhib: Sudutni Asiya
русский: Южная Азия
саха тыла: Соҕуруу Азия
Scots: Sooth Asie
Simple English: South Asia
slovenčina: Južná Ázia
slovenščina: Južna Azija
српски / srpski: Јужна Азија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Južna Azija
Sunda: Asia Kidul
svenska: Sydasien
Tagalog: Timog Asya
татарча/tatarça: Көньяк Азия
Türkçe: Güney Asya
Türkmençe: Günorta Aziýa
українська: Південна Азія
Tiếng Việt: Nam Á
文言: 南亞
West-Vlams: Zuud-Azië
吴语: 南亞
ייִדיש: דרום אזיע
粵語: 南亞
Zazaki: Asyay Veroci
中文: 南亚