The word "soprano" comes from the Italian word
sopra (which means above),
 as the soprano is the highest pitch human voice, often given to the leading female roles in operas.
 "Soprano" refers mainly to women, but it can also be applied to men; "
The term "soprano" is also based on the Latin word superius which, like soprano, referred to the highest pitch vocal range of all human voice types.  The word superius was especially used in choral and other multi-part vocal music between the 13th and 16th centuries.