A soprano [soˈpraːno] is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types. The soprano's vocal range (using scientific pitch notation) is from approximately middle C (C4) = 261 Hz to "high A" (A5) =880 Hz in choral music, or to "soprano C" (C6, two octaves above middle C) =1046 Hz or higher in operatic music. In four-part chorale style harmony, the soprano takes the highest part, which usually encompasses the melody.[1] The soprano voice type is generally divided into the coloratura, soubrette, lyric, spinto, and dramatic soprano. The lyric soprano is the most common female singing voice.[2]


The word "soprano" comes from the Italian word sopra (which means above),[3] as the soprano is the highest pitch human voice, often given to the leading female roles in operas.[4] "Soprano" refers mainly to women, but it can also be applied to men; "sopranist" is the term for a male countertenor able to sing in the soprano voice range,[5] while a castrato is the term for a castrated male singer, typical of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries,[3] and a treble is a boy soprano who has not reached puberty yet and still able to sing in that range.[3]

The term "soprano" is also based on the Latin word superius which, like soprano, referred to the highest pitch vocal range of all human voice types.[3] The word superius was especially used in choral and other multi-part vocal music between the 13th and 16th centuries.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: سوبرانو
asturianu: Sopranu
azərbaycanca: Soprano
беларуская: Сапрана
български: Сопран
català: Soprano
Чӑвашла: Сопрано
čeština: Soprán
Cymraeg: Soprano
Deutsch: Sopran
eesti: Sopran
Ελληνικά: Υψίφωνος
español: Soprano
Esperanto: Soprano
euskara: Soprano
فارسی: سوپرانو
français: Soprano
Gaeilge: Soprán
galego: Soprano
한국어: 소프라노
Հայերեն: Սոպրանո
hrvatski: Sopran
Ido: Soprano
Bahasa Indonesia: Sopran
italiano: Soprano
עברית: סופרן
Basa Jawa: Sopran
ქართული: სოპრანო
қазақша: Сопрано
kurdî: Soprano
Latina: Supranus
latviešu: Soprāns
lietuvių: Sopranas
magyar: Szoprán
Bahasa Melayu: Soprano
Nederlands: Sopraan (zangstem)
日本語: ソプラノ
norsk: Sopran
norsk nynorsk: Sopran
polski: Sopran
português: Soprano
română: Soprano
русский: Сопрано
Scots: Soprano
shqip: Soprano
Simple English: Soprano
slovenčina: Soprán
slovenščina: Sopran
کوردی: سۆپرانۆ
српски / srpski: Сопран
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Soprani
suomi: Sopraano
svenska: Sopran
Türkçe: Soprano
українська: Сопрано
Tiếng Việt: Soprano
中文: 女高音