Sonata in A minor for Solo Flute, Wq. 132

Sonata for Solo Flute
by Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
Sonata in A minor for Solo Flute, Wq. 132, H 562 (CPE Bach).pdf
The first movement of the sonata
KeyA minor
Catalogue
  • Wq.132
  • H 562
Composed~1747 (1747)
Published1763
Movements3 (Poco adagio, Allegro, Allegro)

The Sonata for Solo Flute in A minor, Wq.132, H 562, is a sonata for flauto traverso without basso continuo or accompanying instruments composed by Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach.[1] The sonata is considered, along with Telemann's Fantasias for Solo Flute and J. S. Bach's A minor partita, one of the most significant works for unaccompanied flute before the 20th century.[2] It is the sole flute work by Bach that was printed and published during his lifetime. No manuscript of it has been discovered.[3]

History

Bach wrote this sonata in Berlin around 1747,[1] when he was a chamber harpsichordist of Frederick the Great. The king was also a flutist, and had many composers write flute compositions for him. Bach devoted several compositions to the flauto traverso. In 1747, he composed a series of works for the instrument, including this sonata.[3]

Some scholars claim that this sonata was intended for the king. Indeed, it was printed during the king's lifetime. But at the time, compositions written for the Prussian king were not permitted to be published and made public. It may have been published without the king's knowledge. This may explain the publication date of 1763,[1] nearly two decades after the sonata was written.[3]

Today, for various practical reasons, there are also editions that add an accompaniment, for example a piano.[4]

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