TE 2REI Afghanistan.jpg
French Foreign Legion snipers using the Hecate II (front) and the FR-F2 (rear) in Afghanistan
Occupation type
Military / Law enforcement
Activity sectors
Use of high-precision rifles and special reconnaissance
Vasily Zaytsev, left, and Soviet snipers equipped with Mosin-Nagant M1891/30 during the Battle of Stalingrad in December 1942.
A modern sniper weapon system which consists of a sniper rifle (here Barak HTR 2000 chambered in 0.338 Lapua Magnum), Telescopic sight (Leupold Mark IV x10) and additional optics.

A sniper is a military/paramilitary marksman who operates to maintain effective visual contact with and engage enemy targets from concealed positions or at distances exceeding the target's detection capabilities.[1] Snipers generally have specialized training and are equipped with high-precision rifles and high-magnification optics, and often feed information back to their units or command headquarters.

In addition to marksmanship and long range shooting, military snipers are trained in a variety of tactical techniques: detection, stalking, and target range estimation methods, camouflage, field craft, infiltration, special reconnaissance and observation, surveillance and target acquisition.


The verb "to snipe" originated in the 1770s among soldiers in British India in reference to shooting snipes, which was considered an extremely challenging game bird for hunters. The agent noun "sniper" appears by the 1820s.[2] The term sniper was first attested in 1824 [3] in the sense of the word "sharpshooter".[2]

A somewhat older term is "sharp shooter", a calque of 18th-century German Scharfschütze, in use in British newspapers as early as 1801.[4]

Other Languages
العربية: قناص
asturianu: Francotirador
azərbaycanca: Snayper
বাংলা: স্নাইপার
беларуская: Снайпер
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Снайпэр
български: Снайперист
català: Franctirador
čeština: Odstřelovač
dansk: Finskytte
eesti: Snaiper
español: Francotirador
Esperanto: Kaŝpafisto
français: Sniper
한국어: 저격수
հայերեն: Դիպուկահար
hrvatski: Oštrostrijelac
Bahasa Indonesia: Penembak runduk
italiano: Tiratore scelto
עברית: צליפה
Basa Jawa: Sniper
ქართული: სნაიპერი
қазақша: Мерген
kurdî: Nîşanbaz
latviešu: Snaiperis
lietuvių: Snaiperis
lumbaart: Cecchin
മലയാളം: സ്നൈപ്പർ
Nederlands: Sluipschutter
日本語: 狙撃手
нохчийн: Иччархо
norsk nynorsk: Snikskyttar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Snayper
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਿਸ਼ਾਨਚੀ
português: Atirador especial
română: Lunetist
русский: Снайпер
Simple English: Sniper
slovenčina: Ostreľovač
slovenščina: Ostrostrelec
српски / srpski: Snajper
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Snajper
svenska: Prickskytt
татарча/tatarça: Мәргән
తెలుగు: స్నిపర్
тоҷикӣ: Мерган
українська: Снайпер
Tiếng Việt: Xạ thủ bắn tỉa
粵語: 狙擊手
中文: 狙擊手