Sniper

Sniper
Occupation
Military / Law enforcement
Activity sectors
Use of high-precision rifles and special reconnaissance
French Foreign Legion snipers using the Hecate II (front) and the FR-F2 (back) in Afghanistan

A sniper is a military/paramilitary marksman who operates to maintain effective visual contact with the enemy and engage targets from concealed positions or at distances exceeding their detection capabilities.[1] Snipers generally have specialized training and are equipped with high-precision rifles and high-magnification optics, and often feed information back to their units or command headquarters.

In addition to marksmanship and long range shooting, military snipers are trained in a variety of tactical techniques: detection, stalking, and target range estimation methods, camouflage, field craft, infiltration, special reconnaissance and observation, surveillance and target acquisition.

Etymology

The verb "to snipe" originated in the 1770s among soldiers in British India in reference to shooting snipe, which was considered a challenging target for marksmen. The agent noun "sniper" appears by the 1820s.[2] The term sniper was first attested in 1824[not in citation given] in the sense of the word "sharpshooter".[2]

A somewhat older term is "sharp shooter", a calque of 18th-century German Scharfschütze, in use in British newspapers as early as 1801.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: قناص
asturianu: Francotirador
azərbaycanca: Snayper
беларуская: Снайпер
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Снайпэр
български: Снайперист
català: Franctirador
čeština: Odstřelovač
eesti: Snaiper
español: Francotirador
Esperanto: Kaŝpafisto
français: Sniper
한국어: 저격수
Հայերեն: Դիպուկահար
hrvatski: Oštrostrijelac
Bahasa Indonesia: Penembak runduk
italiano: Tiratore scelto
עברית: צליפה
Basa Jawa: Sniper
ქართული: სნაიპერი
kurdî: Nîşanbaz
latviešu: Snaiperis
lietuvių: Snaiperis
lumbaart: Cecchin
മലയാളം: സ്നൈപ്പർ
Nederlands: Sluipschutter
日本語: 狙撃手
нохчийн: Иччархо
norsk nynorsk: Skarpskyttar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Snayper
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਿਸ਼ਾਨਚੀ
português: Atirador especial
română: Lunetist
русский: Снайпер
Simple English: Sniper
slovenčina: Ostreľovač
slovenščina: Ostrostrelec
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Snajper
svenska: Prickskytt
татарча/tatarça: Мәргән
తెలుగు: స్నిపర్
тоҷикӣ: Мерган
українська: Снайпер
Tiếng Việt: Xạ thủ bắn tỉa
粵語: 狙擊手
中文: 狙擊手