Sinn Féin

For other uses, see Sinn Féin (disambiguation).
Sinn Féin
President Gerry Adams
General Secretary Dawn Doyle
Vice President Mary Lou McDonald
Assembly Group Leader Carál Ní Chuilín
Founder Arthur Griffith
Founded 28 November 1905
(original form)
17 January 1970
(current form)
Headquarters 44 Parnell Square, Dublin 1, Ireland
Newspaper An Phoblacht
Youth wing Sinn Féin Republican Youth
Ideology Irish republicanism
Left-wing nationalism
Democratic socialism [1]
Political position Left-wing
European Parliament group European United Left–Nordic Green Left
Colours      Green
Slogan "Building an Ireland of Equals"
Dáil Éireann
23 / 158
Seanad Éireann
7 / 60
Northern Ireland Assembly
28 / 108
House of Commons
(NI Seats)
4 / 18
( Abstentionist)
European Parliament (Republic of Ireland)
3 / 11
European Parliament (Northern Ireland)
1 / 3
Local government in the Republic of Ireland
156 / 949
Local government in Northern Ireland
105 / 462
Website
www.sinnfein.ie

Sinn Féin ( /ʃɪn ˈfn/ shin-FAYN; [2] Irish pronunciation:  [ʃɪnʲ ˈfʲeːnʲ]; English: Ourselves or We Ourselves [3]) is an Irish republican political party active throughout Ireland.

The Sinn Féin organisation was founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith. It took its current form in 1970 after a split within the party (with the other party becoming the Workers' Party of Ireland), and has historically been associated with the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA). [4] Gerry Adams has been party president since 1983.

Sinn Féin is the second-largest party behind the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) in the Northern Ireland Assembly, where it has four ministerial posts in the power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive, and the third-largest party in the Oireachtas, the parliament of the Republic of Ireland. Sinn Féin received the second highest number of Northern Ireland votes and seats in the 2015 Westminster elections, behind the DUP.

Name

The phrase "Sinn Féin" is Irish for "ourselves" or "we ourselves", [5] [6] although it is frequently mistranslated as "ourselves alone". [7] The meaning of the name itself is an assertion of Irish national sovereignty and self-determination, i.e. – the Irish people governing themselves, rather than being part of a political union with Great Britain ( England, Scotland and Wales) under the Westminster Parliament.

Around the time of 1969–1970, due to the split in the Republican movement there were two groups calling themselves Sinn Féin; one under Tomás Mac Giolla, the other under Ruairí Ó Brádaigh. The latter became known as Sinn Féin (Kevin Street) or Provisional Sinn Féin and the former became known as Sinn Féin (Gardiner Place) or Official Sinn Féin. As the "Officials" dropped all mention of Sinn Féin from their name in 1982, instead calling itself the "Workers' Party", the Provisionals were now generally known as Sinn Féin. Supporters of Republican Sinn Féin from the 1986 split still use the term "Provisional Sinn Féin" to refer to the party led by Gerry Adams.