Sinn Féin

Sinn Féin
LeaderMary Lou McDonald
Deputy LeaderMichelle O'Neill
ChairpersonDeclan Kearney
General SecretaryDawn Doyle
Seanad LeaderRose Conway-Walsh
FounderArthur Griffith
Founded28 November 1905
(original form)
17 January 1970
(current form)
Headquarters44 Parnell Square, Dublin 1, D01 XA36
NewspaperAn Phoblacht
Youth wingÓgra Shinn Féin
IdeologyIrish republicanism
Left-wing nationalism
Democratic socialism[1]
Political positionCentre-left[2] to left-wing[3]
European affiliationNone
International affiliationNone
European Parliament groupEuropean United Left–Nordic Green Left
Colours     Green
Slogan"Building an Ireland of Equals"
Dáil Éireann
22 / 158
Seanad Éireann
6 / 60
Northern Ireland Assembly
27 / 90
House of Commons
(NI seats)
7 / 18
(Abstentionist)
European Parliament (Republic of Ireland)
3 / 11
European Parliament (Northern Ireland)
1 / 3
Local government in the Republic of Ireland
147 / 949
Local government in Northern Ireland[4]
103 / 462
Website
www.sinnfein.ie

Sinn Féin (n/ FAYN;[5] Irish pronunciation: [ʃɪnʲ ˈfʲeːnʲ]; English: "Ourselves" or "We Ourselves"[6]) is a left-wing[3] Irish republican political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.

The original Sinn Féin organisation was founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith. It took its current form in 1970 after a split within the party (with the other side becoming the Workers' Party of Ireland) and has historically been associated with the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA).[7] Mary Lou McDonald has been party president since February 2018.

Sinn Féin is the largest nationalist party in the Northern Ireland Assembly, and the joint-largest overall (alongside the Democratic Unionist Party); it had four ministerial posts in the most recent power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive. It holds seven of Northern Ireland's 18 seats—the second-largest bloc after the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP)—at Westminster, where it follows a policy of abstentionism, refusing to attend parliament or vote on bills. It is the third-largest party, and the largest party on the left, in the Oireachtas, the parliament of the Republic of Ireland.

Name

The phrase "Sinn Féin" is Irish for "Ourselves" or "We Ourselves",[8][9] although it is frequently mistranslated as "ourselves alone" (from "Sinn Féin Amháin", an early 20th century slogan. See also Sinn Féin (slogan)).[10] The meaning of the name itself is an assertion of Irish national sovereignty and self-determination; i.e., the Irish people governing themselves, rather than being part of a political union with Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) under the Westminster Parliament.

Around the time of 1969–1970, owing to the split in the republican movement, there were two groups calling themselves Sinn Féin; one under Tomás Mac Giolla, the other under Ruairí Ó Brádaigh. The latter became known as Sinn Féin (Kevin Street) or Provisional Sinn Féin, and the former became known as Sinn Féin (Gardiner Place) or Official Sinn Féin. As the "Officials" dropped all mention of Sinn Féin from their name in 1982, instead calling itself the Workers' Party of Ireland, the Provisionals were now generally known as Sinn Féin. Supporters of Republican Sinn Féin, which came from a 1986 split, still use the term "Provisional Sinn Féin" to refer to the party led by Mary Lou McDonald.

Sinn Féin members have also been referred to as Shinners, a term intended as a pejorative.[11][12]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sinn Féin
العربية: شين فين
aragonés: Sinn Féin
azərbaycanca: Şinn Feyn
বাংলা: শিন ফেইন
Bân-lâm-gú: Sinn Féin
беларуская: Шын Фейн
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Шын Фэйн
български: Шин Фейн
brezhoneg: Sinn Féin
català: Sinn Féin
čeština: Sinn Féin
Cymraeg: Sinn Féin
dansk: Sinn Féin
Deutsch: Sinn Féin
eesti: Sinn Féin
Ελληνικά: Σιν Φέιν
español: Sinn Féin
Esperanto: Sinn Féin
euskara: Sinn Féin
فارسی: شین فین
français: Sinn Féin
Frysk: Sinn Féin
Gaeilge: Sinn Féin
galego: Sinn Féin
한국어: 신 페인
հայերեն: Շին Ֆեյն
hrvatski: Sinn Féin
Bahasa Indonesia: Sinn Féin
italiano: Sinn Féin
עברית: שין פיין
ქართული: შინ ფეინი
لۊری شومالی: شین فاٛن
Latina: Sinn Fein
magyar: Sinn Féin
македонски: Шин Фејн
Bahasa Melayu: Sinn Féin
Nederlands: Sinn Féin
norsk: Sinn Féin
norsk nynorsk: Sinn Féin
Перем Коми: Шинн фейн
polski: Sinn Féin
português: Sinn Féin
română: Sinn Féin
русский: Шинн Фейн
Scots: Sinn Féin
sicilianu: Sinn Féin
Simple English: Sinn Féin
slovenčina: Sinn Féin
српски / srpski: Шин Фејн
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sinn Féin
suomi: Sinn Féin
svenska: Sinn Féin
Türkçe: Sinn Féin
українська: Шинн Фейн
اردو: شن فین
Tiếng Việt: Sinn Féin
粵語: 新芬黨
中文: 新芬黨