Single African Air Transport Market

Single African Air Transport Market
the 23 member countries highlighted on a map of Africa
Participating countries
LocationAfrica
TypeAir transport agreement
Participants23 African countries
Establishment
• Yamoussoukro Declaration
1988
• Yamoussoukro Decision
1999
• SAATM launched
28 January 2018

The Single African Air Transport Market (SAATM) is a project of the African Union to create a single market for air transport in Africa. Once completely in force, the single market is supposed to allow significant freedom of air transport in Africa, advancing the AU's Agenda 2063.[1]

Primarily, the goal of the SAATM is to fully implement the 1999 Yamoussoukro Decision. This means that all participants agree to lift market access restrictions for airlines, remove restrictions on ownership, grant each other extended air traffic rights (first through fifth freedoms, not affecting cabotage rights), and liberalise flight frequency and capacity limits. Both passenger and cargo aviation are included.[2] It also seeks to harmonise safety and security regulations in aviation, based on ICAO requirements.[3] Oversight over the SAATM is exercised by the African Union, its Regional Economic Communities and dedicated sub-institutions for supervision and dispute settlement.[4]

History

The benefit of liberalising air traffic, particularly the fifth freedom, was first acknowledged in the Yamoussoukro Declaration of 1988.[5] This declaration was reaffirmed in 1999, when the African Union passed the Yamoussoukro Decision.[3] However, the implementation of the decision faced obstacles, as regulatory bodies did not become operational as stipulated in the agreement.[6] A number of countries, in an effort of protectionism, refused to grant fifth freedom rights to foreign airlines.[3]

In 2015, the Declaration for the Establishment of a Single African Air Transport Market laid the framework for a single market implementing the Yamoussoukro Decision to be established by 2017.[2] This deadline was later extended with plans to launch the single market during the 30th African Union Summit in Addis Ababa.[7] There, the launch of the SAATM was then made official on 28 January 2018 by Rwandan President Paul Kagame, as new Chairperson of the African Union.[8][9]

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