Sinaloa

Sinaloa
Estado libre y soberano de Sinaloa
Flag of Sinaloa
Flag
Official seal of Sinaloa
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Land of the 11 Rivers
Anthem: State of Sinaloa Anthem
State of Sinaloa within Mexico
State of Sinaloa within Mexico
Coordinates: 25°0′N 107°30′W / 25°0′N 107°30′W / 25.000; -107.500Mexico
Capital and Largest CityCuliacán Rosales
Municipalities18
AdmissionOctober 14, 1830[1]
Order20th
Seat123
Government
 • GovernorQuirino Ordaz Coppel PRI
 • Senators[2]Imelda Castro Castro Morena
Rubén Rocha Moya Morena
Mario Zamora Gastélum PRI
 • Deputies[3]
Area
 • Total58,328 km2 (22,521 sq mi)
 Ranked 17th
Highest elevation2,520 m (8,270 ft)
Population
 (2019)[6]
 • Total3,216,000
 • Rank16th
 • Density55/km2 (140/sq mi)
 • Density rank18th
Demonym(s)Sinaloense
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Postal code
80-82
Area code
ISO 3166 codeMX-SIN
HDIIncrease 0.804 very high Ranked 5th
GDPUS$ 13,749,376,250 [a]
WebsiteOfficial Web Site
^ a. The state's GDP was $175,992,016 thousand of pesos in 2008,[7] amount corresponding to $13,749,376.25 thousand of dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value of June 3, 2010).[8]

Sinaloa (Spanish pronunciation: [sinaˈloa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Estado libre y soberano de Sinaloa (English: Free and Sovereign State of Sinaloa), is one of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 18 municipalities and its capital city is Culiacán Rosales.

It is located in Northwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sonora to the north, Chihuahua and Durango to the east (separated from them by the Sierra Madre Occidental) and Nayarit to the south. To the west, Sinaloa faces Baja California Sur across the Gulf of California.

The state covers an area of 58,328 square kilometers (22,521 sq mi), and includes the Islands of Palmito Verde, Palmito de la Virgen, Altamura, Santa María, Saliaca, Macapule and San Ignacio.

In addition to the capital city, the state's important cities include Mazatlán and Los Mochis.

History

Prior to the coming of the Spaniards, much of Sinaloa was inhabited by the Cáhita peoples.

In 1531, Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán with a force of over 10,000 men, defeated a force of 30,000 Cáhita warriors at the site of Culiacán. Beltrán de Guzmán established a Spanish and allied Indian outpost at San Miguel de Culiacán. Over the next decade, the Cahíta suffered severe depopulation from smallpox and other diseases the Spanish brought.

The Spanish organized Sinaloa as part of the gobierno of Nueva Galicia. In 1564, the area was realigned: the area of Culiacán and Cosalá remained in control of Nueva Galicia, while the areas to the north, south and west were made part of the newly formed Nueva Vizcaya province, making the Culiacán area an exclave of Nueva Galicia. The first capital of Nueva Vizcaya was located in San Sebastián, near Copala, but the capital moved to Durango in 1583.[9]

Starting in 1599, Jesuit missionaries spread out from a base at what is now Sinaloa de Leyva and by 1610, the Spanish influence had been extended to the northern edge of Sinaloa. In 1601, the Jesuits' movement into the eastern part of Sinaloa led to the Acaxee going to war. The Spanish eventually managed to reassert authority in the Sierra Madre Occidental region and executed 48 Acaxee leaders.[10]

After Mexican independence, Sinaloa was joined with Sonora as Estado de Occidente, but it became a separate, sovereign state in 1830.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sinaloa
aragonés: Sinaloa
asturianu: Sinaloa
Aymar aru: Sinaloa Istadu
Bân-lâm-gú: Sinaloa Chiu
беларуская: Сіналоа
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сыналёа (штат)
български: Синалоа
brezhoneg: Sinaloa (stad)
català: Sinaloa
čeština: Sinaloa
Cymraeg: Sinaloa
dansk: Sinaloa
Deutsch: Sinaloa
Ελληνικά: Σιναλόα
español: Sinaloa
Esperanto: Sinaloa
euskara: Sinaloa
فارسی: سینالوآ
français: Sinaloa
Gaeilge: Sinaloa
한국어: 시날로아주
հայերեն: Սինալոա
hrvatski: Sinaloa
Ilokano: Sinaloa
Bahasa Indonesia: Sinaloa
interlingua: Stato Sinaloa
italiano: Sinaloa
עברית: סינלואה
Kapampangan: Sinaloa
kernowek: Sinaloa
Kiswahili: Sinaloa
Ladino: Sinaloa
Latina: Sinaloa
latviešu: Sinaloa
lietuvių: Sinaloa
magyar: Sinaloa
Malagasy: Sinaloa
मराठी: सिनालोआ
مازِرونی: سینالوآ
Bahasa Melayu: Sinaloa
Nāhuatl: Sinaloa
Nederlands: Sinaloa
日本語: シナロア州
norsk: Sinaloa
norsk nynorsk: Sinaloa
occitan: Sinaloa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sinaloa
پنجابی: سینالوا
Piemontèis: Sinaloa
polski: Sinaloa
português: Sinaloa
română: Sinaloa
Runa Simi: Sinaloa suyu
Scots: Sinaloa
Simple English: Sinaloa
slovenčina: Sinaloa
српски / srpski: Синалоа
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sinaloa
suomi: Sinaloa
svenska: Sinaloa
Tagalog: Sinaloa
татарча/tatarça: Синалоа
Tsetsêhestâhese: Sinaloa
Türkçe: Sinaloa
українська: Сіналоа
اردو: سینالوا
Tiếng Việt: Sinaloa
Winaray: Sinaloa