|Sinai insurgency (2011–present)
|Part of the
Arab Winter, the
Egyptian Crisis, and the
Insurgency in Egypt (2013–present)
Map of the Sinai Peninsula.
(For a more detailed map of the current military situation in Sinai, see
Multinational Force and Observers
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
 (from 2014)
|Commanders and leaders
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Abd El-Fattah Salem
Abu Osama al-Masri (ISIL Emir of Wilayat Sinai)
Selim Suleiman Al-Haram
|Total: 25,000 (41 battalions)
|Casualties and losses
|Civilian casualties: 500+ Egyptian, 219 Russians, 4 Ukrainians, 1 Belarusian, 6 Israeli, 4 South Korean, 1 Croatian
Yamam: 2 killed
IDF: 1 killed
Total: 2,371–4,735+ killed
The Sinai insurgency is an ongoing conflict in the
Egypt, between Islamist militants and Egyptian security forces, which has included attacks on civilians.
 The insurgency began after the start of the
Egyptian Crisis, which saw the overthrow of longtime
Hosni Mubarak in the
Egyptian revolution of 2011.
The Sinai insurgency initially consisted of militants, largely composed of local
Bedouin tribesmen, who exploited the chaotic situation in Egypt and weakened central authority to launch a series of attacks on government forces in Sinai. In 2014, elements of the
Ansar Bait al-Maqdis group pledged allegiance to the
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and proclaimed themselves
Sinai Province, and a part of ISIL. Security officials say militants based in Libya have established ties with the Sinai Province group
 and have blamed the porous border and ongoing civil war for the increase in sophisticated weapons available to the Islamist groups.
The Egyptian authorities have attempted to restore their presence in the Sinai through both political and military measures.
 Egypt launched two military operations, known as
Operation Eagle in mid-2011 and then
Operation Sinai in mid-2012. In May 2013, following an abduction of Egyptian officers, violence in the Sinai surged once again. Following the
2013 Egyptian coup d'état, which resulted in the ousting of Egyptian president
Mohamed Morsi, "unprecedented clashes" have occurred.
The fallout suffered by the locals as a result of the insurgency in Sinai ranges from militant operations and the state of insecurity to extensive military operations and the demolishing of hundreds of homes and evacuating thousands of residents as Egyptian troops pressed on to build a buffer zone meant to halt the smuggling of weapons and militants from and to the
Gaza strip. A report, compiled by a delegation from the state-funded National Council for Human Rights (NCHR), stated that most of the displaced families share the same grievances of palpable government negligence, unavailability of nearby schools for their sons and the lack of health services.
 Since the start of the conflict, dozens of civilians were killed either in military operations or kidnapped and then beheaded by militants. In November 2017, more than 300
Sufist worshippers were killed and over 100 injured in an attack on a mosque west of the city of Al-Arish.