|Sinai insurgency (2011–present)
Arab Winter and the
Map of the Sinai Peninsula.
(For a more detailed map of the current military situation in Sinai, see
Multinational Force and Observers
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
 (from 2014)
|Commanders and leaders
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Abd El-Fattah Salem
Abu Osama al-Masri (ISIL Emir of Wilayat Sinai)
Selim Suleiman Al-Haram
|Total: 25,000 (41 battalions)
|Casualties and losses
|Civilian casualties: 235 Egyptian, 219 Russians, 4 Ukrainians, 1 Belarusian, 6 Israeli, 4 South Korean
Yamam: 2 killed
IDF: 1 killed
Total: 2,371–4,473+ killed
The Sinai insurgency is the conflict ignited by Islamist militants in the
Sinai Peninsula, which began after the start of the
Egyptian Crisis, which saw the overthrow of longtime
Hosni Mubarak in the
Egyptian Revolution of 2011.
Sinai insurgency consisted of militants, largely composed of local
Bedouin tribesmen, who exploited the chaotic situation in Egypt and weakened central authority to launch a series of attacks on government forces in Sinai. Since 2011, the central authorities have attempted to restore their presence in the Sinai through both political and military measures.
Egypt launched two military operations, known as
Operation Eagle in mid-2011 and then
Operation Sinai in mid-2012. In May 2013, following an abduction of Egyptian officers, violence in the Sinai surged once again. Following the
2013 Egyptian coup d'état, which resulted in the ousting of Egyptian president
Mohamed Morsi, "unprecedented clashes" have occurred.
 In 2014, elements of the
Ansar Bait al-Maqdis group claimed allegiance to the
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and proclaimed themselves as the
Sinai Province. Militant attacks continued into 2015. Security officials say militants based in Libya have established ties with Sinai Province.
The fallout suffered by the locals as a result of the insurgency in Sinai ranges from militant operations and the state of insecurity to extensive military operations and the demolishing of hundreds of homes and evacuating thousands of residents as Egyptian troops pressed on to build a buffer zone meant to halt the smuggling of weapons and militants from and to the
Gaza strip. A report, compiled by a delegation from the state-funded National Council for Human Rights (NCHR), stated that most of the displaced families share the same grievances of palpable government negligence, unavailability of nearby schools for their sons and the lack of health services.
 Since the start of the conflict, dozens of civilians were killed either in military operations or kidnapped and then beheaded by militants.
Administratively, the Sinai Peninsula is divided into two
South Sinai Governorate and the
North Sinai Governorate. Three other governorates span the Suez Canal, crossing into African Egypt:
Suez Governorate on the southern end of the Suez Canal,
Ismailia Governorate in the center, and
Port Said Governorate in the north.