Cherry Resort inside Temi Tea Garden, Namchi, Sikkim.jpg
Location of Sikkim
Coordinates (Gangtok): 27°20′N 88°37′E / 27°20′N 88°37′E / 27.33; 88.62)
HDI rank10th (2017)
Assembly of Sikkim abolished monarchy and resolved to be a constituent unit of India. A referendum was held on these issues and majority of the voters voted yes. On 15 May 1975 the President of India ratified a constitutional amendment that made Sikkim the 22nd state of India.
State symbols of Sikkim
Seal of Sikkim color.png
Red Panda
Blood Pheasant.jpg
Blood Pheasant[4]
Dendrobium nobile - Larssen.jpg
Noble dendrobium (Dendrobium nobile)[5][6]

Sikkim (m/) is a state in northeastern India. It borders Tibet in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. Sikkim is also located close to India's Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh. Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. A part of the Eastern Himalaya, Sikkim is notable for its biodiversity, including alpine and subtropical climates, as well as being a host to Kangchenjunga, the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth. Sikkim's capital and largest city is Gangtok. Almost 35% of the state is covered by the Khangchendzonga National Park.[7]

The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. It was ruled by a Buddhist priest-king known as the Chogyal. It became a princely state of British India in 1890. After 1947, Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the Republic of India. It enjoyed the highest literacy rate and per capita income among Himalayan states. In 1973, anti-royalist riots took place in front of the Chogyal's palace. In 1975, the monarchy was deposed by the people. A referendum in 1975 led to Sikkim joining India as its 22nd state.[8]

Modern Sikkim is a multiethnic and multilingual Indian state. The official languages of the state are English, Nepali, Sikkimese and Lepcha.[2] Additional official languages include Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang for the purpose of preservation of culture and tradition in the state.[3] English is taught in schools and used in government documents. The predominant religions are Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism. Sikkim's economy is largely dependent on agriculture and tourism, and as of 2014 the state had the third-smallest GDP among Indian states,[9] although it is also among the fastest-growing.[9][10]

Sikkim accounts for the largest share of cardamom production in India, and is the world's second largest producer of the spice after Guatemala. Sikkim achieved its ambition to convert its agriculture to fully organic over the interval 2003 to 2016, the first state in India to achieve this distinction.[11][12][13][14] It is also among India's most environmentally conscious states, having banned plastic water bottles ("in any government functions and meetings") and polystyrene products (throughout the state).[15][16]


The origin theory of the name Sikkim is that it is a combination of two Limbu words: su, which means "new", and khyim, which means "palace" or "house".[17] The Tibetan name for Sikkim is Drenjong (Wylie-transliteration: ´bras ljongs), which means "valley of rice",[18] while the Bhutias call it Beyul Demazong, which means '"the hidden valley of rice".[19] According to the folklore, after establishing Rabdentse as his new capital Bhutia king Tensung Namgyal built a palace and asked his Limbu Queen to name it. The Lepcha people, the original inhabitants of Sikkim, called it Nye-mae-el, meaning "paradise".[19] In historical Indian literature, Sikkim is known as Indrakil, the garden of the war god Indra.[20]

Other Languages
Acèh: Sikkim
Afrikaans: Sikkim
አማርኛ: ሲኪም
العربية: سيكيم
অসমীয়া: ছিক্কিম
asturianu: Sikkim
azərbaycanca: Sikkim
বাংলা: সিক্কিম
Bân-lâm-gú: Sikkim
беларуская: Сікім
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сыкім
भोजपुरी: सिक्किम
Bikol Central: Sikkim
български: Сиким
བོད་ཡིག: འབྲས་ལྗོངས།
bosanski: Sikkim
brezhoneg: Sikkim
català: Sikkim
Cebuano: Sikkim
čeština: Sikkim
Cymraeg: Sikkim
dansk: Sikkim
Deutsch: Sikkim
ދިވެހިބަސް: ސިއްކީމް
डोटेली: सिक्किम
eesti: Sikkim
Ελληνικά: Σικκίμ
español: Sikkim
Esperanto: Sikimo
euskara: Sikkim
فارسی: سیکیم
Fiji Hindi: Sikkim
français: Sikkim
Gaeilge: Sikkim
galego: Sikkim
ગુજરાતી: સિક્કિમ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Sikkim
한국어: 시킴주
हिन्दी: सिक्किम
hornjoserbsce: Sikim
hrvatski: Sikkim
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: সিকিম
Bahasa Indonesia: Sikkim
Ирон: Сикким
íslenska: Sikkim
italiano: Sikkim
עברית: סיקים
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸಿಕ್ಕಿಂ
Kapampangan: Sikkim
ქართული: სიკიმი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: سککم
Kiswahili: Sikkim
لۊری شومالی: سیکیم
Latina: Sikkim
latviešu: Sikima
lietuvių: Sikimas
magyar: Szikkim
मैथिली: सिक्किम
македонски: Сиким
Malagasy: Sikkim
മലയാളം: സിക്കിം
मराठी: सिक्कीम
მარგალური: სიკიმი
Bahasa Melayu: Sikkim
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Sikkim
монгол: Сикким
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဆစ်ကင်ပြည်နယ်
Nederlands: Sikkim
नेपाली: सिक्किम
नेपाल भाषा: सिक्किम
日本語: シッキム州
нохчийн: Сикким
Nordfriisk: Sikkim
norsk: Sikkim
norsk nynorsk: Sikkim
occitan: Sikkim
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ସିକିମ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਿੱਕਮ
پنجابی: سکم
پښتو: سيکيم
polski: Sikkim
português: Siquim
română: Sikkim
русский: Сикким
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱥᱤᱠᱠᱤᱢ
संस्कृतम्: सिक्किमराज्यम्
Scots: Sikkim
shqip: Sikkim
සිංහල: සිකිම්
Simple English: Sikkim
slovenčina: Sikkim
српски / srpski: Сиким
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sikkim
suomi: Sikkim
svenska: Sikkim
Tagalog: Sikkim
தமிழ்: சிக்கிம்
татарча/tatarça: Сикким
తెలుగు: సిక్కిం
тоҷикӣ: Сикким
ತುಳು: ಸಿಕ್ಕಿಂ
Türkçe: Sikkim
українська: Сіккім
اردو: سکم
Tiếng Việt: Sikkim
文言: 錫金
Winaray: Sikkim
吴语: 锡金邦
Yorùbá: Sikkim
粵語: 錫金
中文: 锡金邦