Siege of Dunlap's Station

Siege of Dunlap's Station
Part of the Northwest Indian War
Ohio Country en.png
The Ohio Country with battles and massacres between 1775 and 1794
Date January 10–11, 1791
Location About 17 miles NW of Cincinnati & 1/2 mile S of present Butler Co.
Result US Fort/Settlement not captured
Belligerents
Native Confederacy First American Regiment, Settlers
Commanders and leaders
Weyapiersenwah (Blue Jacket), [1] (and Simon Girty (Katepacomen) from Baker's Station in VA.) [2] Lieutenant Jacob Kingsbury, (and Brig. General Josiah Harmer from Fort Washington)
Strength
about 300-500 about 30 (13 military, plus settlers)
Casualties and losses
at least 12-15 2 killed (1 before, 1 during), 1500 bushels of corn and 75 cattle

The Siege of Dunlap's Station was a battle that took place on January 10–11, 1791, during the Northwest Indian War between the Western Confederacy of American Indians and European-American settlers in what became the southwestern region of the U.S. state of Ohio. This was one of the Indians' few unsuccessful attacks during this period. It was shortly after the Harmar Campaign attacks and unprecedented defeat of U.S. Army forces. A few months after the siege, the Army's St. Clair's campaign famously failed. [3]

This small episode, a week after the so-called Big Bottom Massacre in what became southeast Ohio, turned into an iconic event: Ohioans felt that traitors had tortured innocent civilians.

Background

Ohio Arch Cultures map HRoe 2008.jpg

During their long and complex history on the North American continent, Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands vigorously adopted every imaginable effort to survive and thrive. However, "By 1690, may (sic) of the Native American peoples in the eastern part of the region had been driven out by the Iroquois and their allies." [4]

European Colonial Powers increasingly weakened Native sovereignty and decimated their populations. In 1763, the Pope and European royals divided North America into four main zones for the British, the French the Spanish, and all the rest. [5]

The invading settlers [6] of the Ohio, mostly escaping lives of poverty, and persecution, had just won their freedom from the British. They had purchased or been awarded title to the land, and they naturally fought to protect their outposts in this 'New World.' [7]

The Northwest Indian War began after the American Revolution, and those living near frontier outposts north of the Ohio were particularly subject to attack. [8]

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