Sibghatullah Mojaddedi

Sibghatullah Mojaddedi
صبغت الله مجددی
Mojaddedi in September 2014.jpg
Mojaddedi in September 2014
President of Afghanistan
In office
28 April 1992 – 28 June 1992
Prime MinisterAbdul Sabur Farid Kuhestani
Preceded byAbdul Rahim Hatif (Acting)
Succeeded byBurhanuddin Rabbani
Speaker of the House of Elders
In office
December 2005 – 29 January 2011
Preceded byVacant
Succeeded byFazel Hadi Muslimyar
Personal details
Born(1925-04-21)21 April 1925
Kabul, Afghanistan
Died11 February 2019(2019-02-11) (aged 93)
Kabul, Afghanistan
Political partyAfghan National Liberation Front

Sibghatullah Mojaddedi (Pashto: صبغت الله مجددی‎‎, 21 April 1925[1] – 11 February 2019)[2] was an Afghan politician, who served as the President after the fall of Mohammad Najibullah's government in April 1992. He was also the founder of the Afghan National Liberation Front, and served as the chairman of the 2003 loya jirga that approved Afghanistan's new constitution.

In 2005, he was appointed chairman of the Meshrano Jirga, upper house of the National Assembly of Afghanistan, and was reappointed as a member in 2011. He also served on the Afghan High Peace Council. Mojaddedi is considered to have been a moderate Muslim leader.[3]

Early years

Mojaddedi was born on 21 April 1925 in Kabul, Afghanistan.[4][5][6][7] His family, the Mojaddedis, are a well-known family of religious scholars from Kabul[8] who trace their ancestry to Mujaddid Ahmad Sirhindi, a prominent 16th-century Islamic scholar and Naqshbandi Sufi.[5][6] Ethnically, the Mojaddedis are categorized as Pashtuns.[9][10]

Mojaddedi studied Islamic Law and Jurisprudence at al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt. In 1952 he returned to Afghanistan to teach in high schools and at Kabul University, where he became known as an advocate of Afghan independence.[5][6] In 1959 Mojaddedi was accused of conspiring against then Soviet Prime Minister Nikita Khrushchev and was imprisoned until 1964.[5] In 1973 he was forced into exile for his outspoken comments regarding Soviet influence in Afghanistan. Following the Saur Revolution in 1978, the new communist government killed Mojaddedi's brother and several of his relatives.[11] His period in exile was spent in several countries such as Denmark and Pakistan before his entry into Afghan politics.[5][6]

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