Shrub

A broom shrub in flower

A shrub or bush is a small- to medium-sized perennial woody plant. Unlike herbaceous plants, shrubs have persistent woody stems above the ground. They are distinguished from trees by their multiple stems and shorter height, less than 6 m-10 m (20 ft–33 ft) tall.[1][2] Small shrubs, less than 2 m (6.6 ft) tall are sometimes termed subshrubs.[3]

Definition

Shrubs are perennial woody plants, and therefore have persistent woody stems above ground (compare with herbaceous plants).[2] Usually shrubs are distinguished from trees by their height and multiple stems. Some shrubs are deciduous (e.g. hawthorn) and others evergreen (e.g. holly).[2] Ancient Greek philosopher Theophrastus divided the plant world into trees, shrubs and herbs.[4]

Height

Some definitions state that a shrub is less than 6 m and tree is over 6 m. Others use 10 m as the cut off point.[2] Many species of tree may not reach this mature height because of less than ideal growing conditions, and resemble a shrub sized plant. However such species have the potential to grow taller under the ideal growing conditions for that plant.

Small, low shrubs, generally less than 2 m (6.6 ft) tall, such as lavender, periwinkle and most small garden varieties of rose, are often termed subshrubs.[3]

Multiple stems

Most definitions characterize shrubs as possessing multiple stems with no main trunk.[2] This is because the stems have branched below ground level. There are exceptions to this, with some shrubs having main trunks, but these tend to be very short and divide into multiple stems close to ground level. Many trees can grow in multiple stemmed forms also, such as oak or ash.[2]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Struik
አማርኛ: ቁጥቋጦ
العربية: شجيرة
aragonés: Arbusto
asturianu: Arbustu
azərbaycanca: Kol
বাংলা: গুল্ম
беларуская: Куст
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Хмызьняк
български: Храст
Boarisch: Staud
bosanski: Žbun
català: Arbust
Чӑвашла: Тĕмĕ
čeština: Keř
chiShona: Gwenzi
dansk: Busk
Deutsch: Strauch
eesti: Põõsas
Ελληνικά: Θάμνος
español: Arbusto
Esperanto: Arbedo
euskara: Zuhaixka
فارسی: درختچه
français: Arbrisseau
Frysk: Strewel
Gaeilge: Tor
galego: Arbusto
한국어: 관목
हिन्दी: क्षुप
hrvatski: Grm
Ido: Arbusto
Bahasa Indonesia: Perdu
íslenska: Runni
italiano: Arbusto
עברית: שיח
Jawa: Perdu
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಪೊದರು
Kapampangan: Palungpung
ქართული: ბუჩქი
қазақша: Бұта
Kiswahili: Kichaka
Latina: Frutex
latviešu: Krūms
lietuvių: Krūmas
magyar: Cserje
македонски: Грмушка
मराठी: झुडुपे
მარგალური: ბართვი
Bahasa Melayu: Pokok renek
Nederlands: Struik
नेपाली: बुट्यान
नेपाल भाषा: स्वांमा
日本語: 低木
нохчийн: Колла
norsk: Busk
norsk nynorsk: Busk
occitan: Arbust
олык марий: Тыгыдер
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Buta
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਝਾੜੀ
Piemontèis: Erborin
polski: Krzew
português: Arbusto
română: Arbust
Runa Simi: Thansa
русский: Кустарник
саха тыла: Сэппэрээк
Scots: Buss
sicilianu: Troffa
Simple English: Shrub
slovenčina: Ker
slovenščina: Grmovnica
српски / srpski: Жбун
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Grm
suomi: Pensas
svenska: Buske
Tagalog: Palumpong
தமிழ்: புதர்
Taqbaylit: Tamdikt
తెలుగు: పొద
тоҷикӣ: Бутта
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏚᏩᏱᏢ
Türkçe: Çalı
українська: Кущ
Tiếng Việt: Cây bụi
walon: Bouxhon
West-Vlams: Ut
Winaray: Palungpuno
吴语: 灌木
粵語: 灌木
žemaitėška: Krūms
中文: 灌木