Shariati Ave, looking north, toward the Alborz Mountains towering over Shemiran district, Tehran, Iran
Romanized as Shemīrān; also known as Shemīrānāt (
 is the capital of
Iran, but is actually located just north of the borders of
Tehran County along
Chamran Expressway and
Sadr Expressway and it is the northernmost district of the city of Tehran.
Shemiran lies in the slopes of
Alborz Mountain and enjoys a suitable mild climate. It has fine and well-kept parks and is home to the richest class of
Iranian society. Most of the foreign embassies and the
Tehran International Fair are situated in Shemiran.
Shemiran used to be the summer residence of the
Pahlavi Shahs who built several palace complexes and villas in the area. Some examples are the
Sa'dabad Palace Complex and the
Niavaran Palace Complex.
It is also where
Imam Zadeh Saleh is, and where the former home of
Imam Khomeini was located.
Among the neighborhoods of Shemiran are:
Niavaran on the far north, as well as