Shahada

The Shahada (Arabic: الشهادةaš-šahādah [aʃ.ʃaˈhaːda] (About this sound listen),"the testimony") [note 1] is an Islamic creed, one of the Five Pillars of Islam, declaring belief in the oneness of God (tawhid) and the acceptance of Muhammad as God's prophet. The declaration, in its shortest form, reads (right to left in Arabic):

لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا ٱلله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ ٱلله
lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh muḥammadun rasūlu llāh
IPA: [laː ʔɪˈlaːha ˈʔɪl.lɑɫˈɫɑː mʊˈħammadʊn raˈsuːlʊlˈɫɑː]
There is no god but God. Muhammad is the messenger of God.[1][2][3][4]
Audio (prefaced by the phrase (wa) ašhadu ʾan —"(and) I testify, that") About this sound audio 

Terminology and significance

The noun šahāda (شَهادة), from the verbal root šahida ([ˈʃahɪd(a)] شَهِدَ) meaning "to observe, witness, testify", translates as "testimony" in both the everyday and the legal senses.[5][note 2] The Islamic creed is also called, in the dual form, šahādatān (شَهادَتانْ, literally "two testimonials"). The expression al-šahāda (the Witnessed) is used in Quran as one of the "titles of God".[9]

In Sunni Islam, the shahada has two parts: la ilaha illa'llah (there is no god but God), and Muhammadun rasul Allah (Muhammad is the messenger of God),[10] which are sometimes referred to as the first shahada and the second shahada.[11] The first statement of the shahada is also known as the tahlīl.[12]

In Shia Islam, the shahada also has a third part, a phrase concerning Ali, the first Shia Imam and the fourth Rashid caliph of Sunni Islam: وعليٌ وليُّ الله (wa ʿalīyyun walīyyu-llāh [wa ʕaˈlɪj.jʊn waˈlɪj.jʊlˈɫɑː]), which translates to "Ali is the wali of God".[13]

In the Quran, the first shahadah takes the form la ilaha illa'llah twice (37:35, 47:19), and allahu la ilaha illa hu (God, there is no god but He) much more often.[14] It appears in the shorter form la ilaha illa Hu (There is no god but He) in many places.[15] It appears in these forms about 30 times in the Quran, and never attached with the other parts of the shahadah in Sunni or Shia Islam or "in conjunction with another name".[16]

Islam's monotheistic nature is reflected in the first shahada, which declares belief in the oneness of God and that he is the only entity truly worthy of worship.[11] The second shahada indicates the means by which God has offered guidance to human beings.[17] The verse reminds Muslims that they accept not only the prophecy of Muhammad but also the long line of prophets who preceded him.[17] While the first part is seen as a cosmic truth, the second is specific to Islam, as it is understood that members of the older Abrahamic religions do not view Muhammad as one of their prophets.[17]

Shahada is a statement of both ritual and worship. In a well-known hadith, Muhammad defines Islam as witnessing that there is no god but God and that Muhammad is God's messenger, giving of alms (zakat), performing the ritual prayer, fasting during the month of Ramadan and making a pilgrimage to the Kaaba: the five pillars of Islam are inherent in this declaration of faith.[11][18]

Other Languages
العربية: شهادتان
অসমীয়া: শ্বাহাদাহ
asturianu: Xaḥada
azərbaycanca: Kəlmeyi-şəhadət
башҡортса: Шәһәҙәт
български: Шахада
bosanski: Šehadet
brezhoneg: Chahada
català: Xahada
Чӑвашла: Шахада
čeština: Šaháda
Cymraeg: Shahadah
dansk: Shahadah
davvisámegiella: Aš-šaheada
Deutsch: Schahāda
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޝަހާދަތް
eesti: Šahada
español: Shahada
euskara: Shahada
فارسی: شهادتین
føroyskt: Shahadah
français: Chahada
galego: Shahada
ગુજરાતી: ઈમાન
한국어: 샤하다
हिन्दी: शहादा
hrvatski: Šehadet
Bahasa Indonesia: Syahadat
Ирон: Шахадæ
italiano: Shahādah
עברית: שהאדה
Basa Jawa: Sahadat
ქართული: შაჰადა
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: شہادَت
қазақша: Шаһада
kurdî: Şehadet
лакку: Шагьадат
Latina: Šahāda
latviešu: Šahāda
Lëtzebuergesch: Schahada
македонски: Шехадет
മലയാളം: ശഹാദത്ത്
Bahasa Melayu: Syahadah
Baso Minangkabau: Syahadaik
Nederlands: Sjahada
日本語: シャハーダ
нохчийн: ШахӀадат
norsk: Shahadah
norsk nynorsk: Sjahádah
олык марий: Шахада
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kalimai shahodat
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸ਼ਹਾਦਾ
پنجابی: کلمہ طیبہ
پښتو: شهادت
polski: Szahada
português: Chahada
qırımtatarca: Kelime-i şeadet
română: Șahada
русский: Шахада
Scots: Shahada
shqip: Shehadeti
Simple English: Shahada
سنڌي: شهادت
slovenčina: Šaháda
slovenščina: Šahada
ślůnski: Szahada
Soomaaliga: Shahaadah
کوردی: شایەتمان
српски / srpski: Шехадет
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Šehadet
Basa Sunda: Sahadat
suomi: Šahada
svenska: Shahadah
Tagalog: Shahada
தமிழ்: கலிமா
татарча/tatarça: Шәһадәт
తెలుగు: షహాద
тоҷикӣ: Шаҳодат
українська: Шагада
اردو: شہادت
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كەلىمەئى شاھادەت
Tiếng Việt: Shahada
文言: 清真言
Wolof: Seere
粵語: 清真言
Zazaki: Şehadet
中文: 清真言