Senegal

Republic of Senegal
  • Réewum Senegaal  (Wolof)
  • République du Sénégal  (French)
Motto: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi" (French)
"One People, One Goal, One Faith"
Anthem: 
"Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons"
"Everyone strum your koras, strike the balafons"
Location of  Senegal  (dark blue)in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Senegal  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Location of Senegal
Capital
and largest city
Dakar
14°40′N 17°25′W / 14°40′N 17°25′W / 14.667; -17.417
Official languagesWolof
Lingua francaFrench
National languages
Ethnic groups
DemonymSenegalese
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Macky Sall
Mohammed Dionne
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
• from Francea
4 April 1960
• Withdrawal from
the Mali Federation
20 August 1960
Area
• Total
196,712 km2 (75,951 sq mi) (86th)
• Water (%)
2.1
Population
• 2016 estimate
15,411,614[1] (72nd)
• 2016 census
14,320,055[2] (73rd)
• Density
68.7/km2 (177.9/sq mi) (134th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$43.347 billion[3]
• Per capita
$2,733[3]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$16.172 billion[3]
• Per capita
$1,019[3]
Gini (2011)40.3[4]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.494[5]
low · 162nd
CurrencyWest African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneGMT (UTC+0)
Drives on theright
Calling code+221
ISO 3166 codeSN
Internet TLD.sn

Senegal (l/ (About this sound listen);[6][7] Wolof: Senegaal; French: Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal (Wolof: Réewum Senegaal; French: République du Sénégal), is a country in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. Senegal also borders The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal's southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country. Senegal also shares a maritime border with Cape Verde. Senegal's economic and political capital is Dakar. It is the westernmost country in the mainland of the Old World, or Afro-Eurasia,[8] and owes its name to the Senegal River, which borders it to the east and north. The name "Senegal" comes from the Wolof "Sunuu Gaal", which means "Our Boat". Senegal covers a land area of almost 197,000 square kilometres (76,000 sq mi) and has an estimated population of about 15 million.[1] The climate is typically Sahelian, though there is a rainy season.

Cultures and influences

The territory of modern Senegal has been inhabited by various ethnic groups since prehistory. Organized kingdoms emerged around the seventh century, and parts of the country were ruled by prominent regional empires such as the Jolof Empire. The present state of Senegal has its roots in European colonialism, which began during the mid-15th century, when various European powers began competing for trade in the area. The establishment of coastal trading posts gradually led to control of the mainland, culminating in French rule of the area by the 19th century, albeit amid much local resistance. Senegal peacefully attained independence from France in 1960, and has since been among the more politically stable countries in Africa.

Senegal's economy is centered mostly on commodities and natural resources. Major industries are fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials, and ship construction and repair. As in most African nations, agriculture is a major sector, with Senegal producing several important cash crops, including peanuts, sugarcane, cotton, green beans, tomatoes, melons, and mangoes.[9] Owing to its relative stability, tourism and hospitality are also burgeoning sectors.

With it being a multiethnic and secular nation, Senegal is predominantly Sunni Muslim with Sufi and animist influences. French is the official language, although many native languages are spoken and recognized. Since April 2012, Senegal's president has been Macky Sall. Senegal has been a member of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie since 1970.

Other Languages
Acèh: Senegal
адыгабзэ: Сенегал
Afrikaans: Senegal
Alemannisch: Senegal
አማርኛ: ሴኔጋል
العربية: السنغال
aragonés: Senegal
arpetan: Sènègal
asturianu: Senegal
Avañe'ẽ: Senegal
azərbaycanca: Seneqal
تۆرکجه: سنقال
bamanankan: Senegal
বাংলা: সেনেগাল
Bahasa Banjar: Senegal
Bân-lâm-gú: Senegal
башҡортса: Сенегал
беларуская: Сенегал
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сэнэгал
भोजपुरी: सेनेगल
Bikol Central: Senegal
български: Сенегал
Boarisch: Senegal
བོད་ཡིག: སི་ནི་གཱལ།
bosanski: Senegal
brezhoneg: Senegal
буряад: Сенегал
català: Senegal
Чӑвашла: Сенегал
Cebuano: Senegal
čeština: Senegal
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Senegal
chiShona: Senegal
Cymraeg: Senegal
dansk: Senegal
davvisámegiella: Senegal
Deutsch: Senegal
ދިވެހިބަސް: ސެނެގާލް
dolnoserbski: Senegal
eesti: Senegal
Ελληνικά: Σενεγάλη
español: Senegal
Esperanto: Senegalo
estremeñu: Senegal
euskara: Senegal
eʋegbe: Senegal
فارسی: سنگال
Fiji Hindi: Senegal
føroyskt: Senegal
français: Sénégal
Frysk: Senegal
Fulfulde: Senegaal
Gagauz: Senegal
Gàidhlig: Seanagal
galego: Senegal
Gĩkũyũ: Senegal
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Senegal
한국어: 세네갈
Hausa: Senegal
Հայերեն: Սենեգալ
हिन्दी: सेनेगल
hornjoserbsce: Senegal
hrvatski: Senegal
Ido: Senegal
Igbo: Senegal
Ilokano: Senegal
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: সেনেগাল
Bahasa Indonesia: Senegal
interlingua: Senegal
Interlingue: Senegal
Ирон: Сенегал
isiZulu: ISenegal
íslenska: Senegal
italiano: Senegal
עברית: סנגל
Basa Jawa: Sénégal
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸೆನೆಗಲ್
Kapampangan: Senegal
ქართული: სენეგალი
қазақша: Сенегал
kernowek: Senegal
Kinyarwanda: Senegali
Kiswahili: Senegal
Kongo: Senangale
Kreyòl ayisyen: Senegal
kurdî: Senegal
Кыргызча: Сенегал
кырык мары: Сенегал
Ladino: Senegal
لۊری شومالی: سنگال
Latina: Senegalia
latviešu: Senegāla
Lëtzebuergesch: Senegal
lietuvių: Senegalas
Ligure: Senegal
Limburgs: Senegal
lingála: Senegale
Livvinkarjala: Senegalu
la .lojban.: senegal
Luganda: Senegal
lumbaart: Senegal
magyar: Szenegál
македонски: Сенегал
Malagasy: Senegala
മലയാളം: സെനെഗൽ
Malti: Senegal
मराठी: सेनेगाल
მარგალური: სენეგალი
مصرى: سينيجال
مازِرونی: سنگال
Bahasa Melayu: Senegal
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Senegal
монгол: Сенегал
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဆီနီဂေါနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Senegal
Dorerin Naoero: Senegal
Nederlands: Senegal
नेपाली: सेनेगल
नेपाल भाषा: सेनेगल
日本語: セネガル
Napulitano: Senegal
нохчийн: Сенегал
Nordfriisk: Seenegal
Norfuk / Pitkern: Senegaal
norsk: Senegal
norsk nynorsk: Senegal
Novial: Senegal
occitan: Senegal
олык марий: Сенегал
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ସେନେଗାଲ
Oromoo: Senegaal
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Senegal
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸੇਨੇਗਲ
पालि: सेनेगल
پنجابی: سینیگال
Papiamentu: Senegal
پښتو: سېنېگال
Patois: Senigal
Piemontèis: Senegal
Tok Pisin: Senegal
Plattdüütsch: Senegal
polski: Senegal
português: Senegal
Qaraqalpaqsha: Senegal
qırımtatarca: Senegal
română: Senegal
Runa Simi: Sinigal
русский: Сенегал
саха тыла: Сенегал
संस्कृतम्: सेनेगल
Sängö: Senegäle
sardu: Senegal
Scots: Senegal
Seeltersk: Senegal
Sesotho: Senegal
Sesotho sa Leboa: Senegal
shqip: Senegali
sicilianu: Senegal
සිංහල: සෙනගල්
Simple English: Senegal
سنڌي: سينيگال
slovenčina: Senegal
slovenščina: Senegal
ślůnski: Synegal
Soomaaliga: Sinigaal
کوردی: سێنیگال
српски / srpski: Сенегал
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Senegal
Basa Sunda: Sénégal
suomi: Senegal
svenska: Senegal
Tagalog: Senegal
தமிழ்: செனிகல்
Taqbaylit: Sinigal
татарча/tatarça: Сенегал
తెలుగు: సెనెగల్
ትግርኛ: ሴኔጋል
тоҷикӣ: Сенегал
Türkçe: Senegal
Türkmençe: Senegal
українська: Сенегал
اردو: سینیگال
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سېنېگال
vèneto: Senegal
vepsän kel’: Senegal
Tiếng Việt: Sénégal
Volapük: Senegalän
Võro: Senegal
walon: Senegal
文言: 塞內加爾
Winaray: Senegal
Wolof: Senegaal
吴语: 塞內加爾
Xitsonga: Senegal
ייִדיש: סענעגאל
粵語: 塞內加爾
Zazaki: Senegal
Zeêuws: Senegal
žemaitėška: Senegals
中文: 塞内加尔
डोटेली: सेनेगल
Kabɩyɛ: Senegaalɩ
Lingua Franca Nova: Senegal