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(September 2014) Seinen manga ( are 青年漫画) marketed toward manga men. young adult In Japanese, the word "  seinen" literally means "youth," but the term "seinen manga" is also used to describe the target audience of comics like and Weekly Manga Times which are aimed at men from their 20s to their 50s. Seinen manga are distinguished from Weekly Manga Goraku which are for younger boys, although some seinen manga like shōnen manga share some similarities with "shōnen" manga. Seinen manga can focus on action, politics, science fiction, fantasy, relationships, sports, or comedy. The female equivalent to seinen manga is xxxHolic . josei manga
Seinen manga have a wide variety of art styles and variation in subject matter. Examples of seinen series include:
, 20th Century Boys , Akira , Berserk , Mushishi , Ghost in the Shell , Planetes , and the formerly Maison Ikkoku shōnen manga . JoJo's Bizarre Adventure
A common way to tell if a manga is seinen is by looking at whether
is used over the original furigana text: if there are furigana on all kanji, the title is generally aimed at a younger audience. The title of the magazine it was published in is also an important indicator. Usually Japanese manga magazines with the word "young" in the title ( kanji for instance) are seinen. There are also mixed Weekly Young Jump /seinen magazines such as shōnen and Gangan Powered . Other popular seinen manga magazines include Comp Ace , Young Magazine , Weekly Young Sunday , Big Comic Spirits , Business Jump , and Ultra Jump . Afternoon
One of the earliest manga magazines published in Japan was a seinen manga:
, first released in 1956. It was aimed squarely at middle-aged men with erotic fiction and manga and tales of yakuza. It was only in 1959 that two of the main shōnen manga titles appeared, Weekly Manga Times and Weekly Shōnen Magazine . Then in 1967, the first of the magazines aimed at younger men appeared Weekly Shōnen Sunday which scored big hits with Weekly Manga Action and Lupin III , and later Lone Wolf and Cub . Crayon Shin-chan followed in 1968, perhaps best known for its series Big Comic . 1972 saw the addition of Golgo 13 which featured Big Comic Original about two older men who enjoy fishing which was made into a series of popular movies. In 1979, the publisher Tsuribaka Nisshi known for Shueisha for boys, entered the seinen market with Weekly Shonen Jump . Many of the Weekly Young Jump Young Jump series have been adapted into anime or live action TV programs, e.g. , Elfen Lied , Gantz , Hen , Kirara , Liar Game and Oku-sama wa Joshi Kōsei .