Sea of Japan

Sea of Japan
Sea of Japan Map en.png
Sea of Japan map
Chinese name
Japanese name
North Korean name
Literal meaningEast Sea of Korea
South Korean name
Literal meaningEast Sea
Russian name
RussianЯпонское море
RomanizationYaponskoye more

The Sea of Japan (see below for other names) is the marginal sea between the Japanese archipelago, Sakhalin, the Korean Peninsula and Russia. The Japanese archipelago separates the sea from the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Japan, Korea (North and South) and Russia. Like the Mediterranean Sea, it has almost no tides due to its nearly complete enclosure from the Pacific Ocean.[1] This isolation also reflects in the fauna species and in the water salinity, which is lower than in the ocean. The sea has no large islands, bays or capes. Its water balance is mostly determined by the inflow and outflow through the straits connecting it to the neighboring seas and Pacific Ocean. Few rivers discharge into the sea and their total contribution to the water exchange is within 1%.

The seawater has an elevated concentration of dissolved oxygen that results in high biological productivity. Therefore, fishing is the dominant economic activity in the region. The intensity of shipments across the sea has been moderate owing to political issues, but it is steadily increasing as a result of the growth of East Asian economies.


Sea of Japan is the dominant term used in English for the sea, and the name in most European languages is equivalent, but it is sometimes called by different names in surrounding countries, often reflecting historical claims to hegemony over the sea.[citation needed]

The sea is called Rìběn hǎi (日本海, literally "Japan Sea") or originally Jīng hǎi (鲸海, literally "Whale Sea") in China,[2] Yaponskoye more (Японское море, literally "Japanese Sea") in Russia, Chosŏn Tonghae (조선동해, literally "Korean East Sea") in North Korea, and Donghae (동해, literally "East Sea") in South Korea. A naming dispute exists about the sea name, with South Korea promoting the English translation of its native name as the East Sea.

Naming dispute

The use of the term "Sea of Japan" as the dominant name is a point of contention. South Korea wants the name "East Sea" to be used, either instead of or in addition to "Sea of Japan;"[3][4] while North Korea prefers the name "East Sea of Korea".[5]

The primary issue in the dispute revolves around a disagreement about when the name "Sea of Japan" became the international standard. Japan claims the term has been the international standard since at least the early 19th century,[6] while the Koreas claim that the term "Sea of Japan" arose later while Korea was under Japanese rule, and before that occupation other names such as "Sea of Korea" or "East Sea" were used in English.[7] The International Hydrographic Organization, the international governing body for the naming bodies of water around the world, in 2012 recognized the term "Sea of Japan" as the only title for the sea, and stated they would will likely review the issue again in 2017.[8]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: See van Japan
العربية: بحر اليابان
অসমীয়া: জাপান সাগৰ
asturianu: Mar de Xapón
Avañe'ẽ: Para Hapõ
azərbaycanca: Yapon dənizi
تۆرکجه: ژاپون دنیزی
Bân-lâm-gú: Ji̍t-pún-hái
башҡортса: Япон диңгеҙе
беларуская: Японскае мора
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Японскае мора
български: Японско море
bosanski: Japansko more
brezhoneg: Mor Japan
català: Mar del Japó
Чӑвашла: Япон тинĕсĕ
čeština: Japonské moře
Cymraeg: Môr Japan
dolnoserbski: Japańske mórjo
español: Mar del Japón
Esperanto: Japana maro
français: Mer du Japon
贛語: 日本海
한국어: 동해
हिन्दी: जापान सागर
hornjoserbsce: Japanske morjo
hrvatski: Japansko more
Bahasa Indonesia: Laut Jepang
íslenska: Japanshaf
עברית: ים יפן
қазақша: Жапон теңізі
Kiswahili: Bahari ya Japani
Кыргызча: Япон деңизи
latviešu: Japāņu jūra
lietuvių: Japonijos jūra
Lingua Franca Nova: Mar Japanes
Livvinkarjala: Japounienmeri
македонски: Јапонско Море
მარგალური: იაპონიაშ ზუღა
مازِرونی: جاپون دریا
Bahasa Melayu: Laut Jepun
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nĭk-buōng-hāi
монгол: Япон тэнгис
Nederlands: Japanse Zee
日本語: 日本海
norsk: Japanhavet
norsk nynorsk: Japanhavet
occitan: Mar de Japon
олык марий: Япон теҥыз
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yapon dengizi
پنجابی: جپانی سمندر
ភាសាខ្មែរ: សមុទ្រជប៉ុន
Plattdüütsch: Japaansche See
português: Mar do Japão
română: Marea Japoniei
Simple English: Sea of Japan
slovenčina: Japonské more
slovenščina: Japonsko morje
Soomaaliga: Badda Jabaan
српски / srpski: Јапанско море
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Japansko more
Basa Sunda: Laut Jepang
Tagalog: Dagat Hapon
татарча/tatarça: Япон диңгезе
тоҷикӣ: Баҳри Ҷопон
Türkçe: Japon Denizi
українська: Японське море
vepsän kel’: Japonijan meri
Tiếng Việt: Biển Nhật Bản
文言: 日本海
Winaray: Dagat Hapon
吴语: 日本海
粵語: 日本海
žemaitėška: Japuonėjės jūra
中文: 日本海