Scottish English

  • scottish english
    native tounited kingdom
    language family
    indo-european
    • germanic
      • west germanic
        • anglo-frisian
          • anglic
            • english
              • british english
                • scottish english
    early forms
    old english
    • middle english
      • early modern english
    writing system
    latin (english alphabet)
    language codes
    iso 639-3en-gb-sct
    ietfen-scotland
    this article contains ipa phonetic symbols. without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of unicode characters. for an introductory guide on ipa symbols, see help:ipa.

    scottish english (scottish gaelic: beurla albannach) is the set of dialects of the english language spoken in scotland. the transregional, standardised variety is called scottish standard english or standard scottish english (sse).[1][2][3] scottish standard english may be defined as "the characteristic speech of the professional class [in scotland] and the accepted norm in schools".[4] ietf language tag for "scottish standard english" is en-scotland.[5]

    in addition to distinct pronunciation, grammar and expressions, scottish english has distinctive vocabulary, particularly pertaining to scottish institutions such as the church of scotland, local government and the education and legal systems.[citation needed]

    scottish standard english is at one end of a bipolar linguistic continuum, with focused broad scots at the other.[6] scottish english may be influenced to varying degrees by scots.[7][8] many scots speakers separate scots and scottish english as different registers depending on social circumstances.[9] some speakers code switch clearly from one to the other while others style shift in a less predictable and more fluctuating manner.[9] generally there is a shift to scottish english in formal situations or with individuals of a higher social status.[10]

  • background
  • history
  • phonology
  • scotticisms
  • see also
  • references
  • bibliography
  • further reading
  • external links

Scottish English
Native toUnited Kingdom
Early forms
Latin (English alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-3en-GB-SCT
IETFen-scotland
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Scottish English (Scottish Gaelic: Beurla Albannach) is the set of dialects of the English language spoken in Scotland. The transregional, standardised variety is called Scottish Standard English or Standard Scottish English (SSE).[1][2][3] Scottish Standard English may be defined as "the characteristic speech of the professional class [in Scotland] and the accepted norm in schools".[4] IETF language tag for "Scottish Standard English" is en-Scotland.[5]

In addition to distinct pronunciation, grammar and expressions, Scottish English has distinctive vocabulary, particularly pertaining to Scottish institutions such as the Church of Scotland, local government and the education and legal systems.[citation needed]

Scottish Standard English is at one end of a bipolar linguistic continuum, with focused broad Scots at the other.[6] Scottish English may be influenced to varying degrees by Scots.[7][8] Many Scots speakers separate Scots and Scottish English as different registers depending on social circumstances.[9] Some speakers code switch clearly from one to the other while others style shift in a less predictable and more fluctuating manner.[9] Generally there is a shift to Scottish English in formal situations or with individuals of a higher social status.[10]

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