Scotland women's national football team

Scotland
AssociationScottish Football Association
ConfederationUEFA (Europe)
Head coachShelley Kerr
CaptainRachel Corsie[1]
Most capsGemma Fay (203)[2]
Top scorerJulie Fleeting (116)
FIFA codeSCO
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 22 Decrease 2 (12 July 2019)[3]
Highest19[4] (March 2014; September 2018)
Lowest31[4] (March 2004)
First international
 Scotland 2–3 England 
(Greenock, Scotland; 18 November 1972)[5][6][7]
Biggest win
 Scotland 17–0 Lithuania 
(Glasgow, Scotland; 30 May 1998)[8]
Biggest defeat
 Scotland 
(Nuneaton, England; 23 June 1973)[9]
World Cup
Appearances1 (first in 2019)
Best resultGroup stage (2019)
European Championship
Appearances1 (first in 2017)
Best resultGroup stage (2017)

The Scotland women's national football team represents Scotland in international women's football competitions. Since 1998, the team has been governed by the Scottish Football Association (SFA). Scotland qualified for the FIFA Women's World Cup for the first time in 2019, and qualified for their first UEFA Women's Euro in 2017. As of July 2019, the team was 22nd in the FIFA Women's World Rankings.

History

Church documents recorded women playing football in Carstairs, Lanarkshire, in 1628.[10] Scotland first played a women's international match in May 1881.[10] Women's football struggled for recognition during this early period and was banned by the football authorities in 1921.[10] Club sides who were interested in using their grounds for women's football were subsequently denied permission by the Scottish Football Association (SFA).[10] The sport continued on an unofficial basis until the 1970s, when the ban was lifted.[10] In 1971 UEFA instructed its members to take control of women's football within their territories. The motion was passed 31–1, but Scotland was the only member to vote against it.[11] Football in Scotland has traditionally been seen as a working class and male preserve.[12]

Scotland's first official match, a 3–2 defeat to England, took place in November 1972.[5][6][7] The team was managed by Rab Stewart. The 1921 ban on women's football was lifted in 1974, and the SFA assumed direct responsibility for Scottish women's football in 1998.[12] Scotland have participated in most international competitions since the ban was removed. The team's standing has improved significantly in recent years, reaching an all-time high of 19th place in the FIFA Women's World Rankings in March 2014.[4][13][14] They reached their first major tournament finals when they qualified for UEFA Women's Euro 2017.[15] The team followed this up by qualifying for their first World Cup finals tournament in 2019.[16] Following their qualification, the Scottish Government announced they would provide funding to allow all the players to train full time in the lead up to the World Cup, a welcome announcement as several players do not play professionally.[17] Their final home match (against Jamaica) before the 2019 World Cup saw a record attendance for the national team of 18,555.[18]

Claire Emslie scored Scotland's first World Cup goal, netting in their 2019 opener against England on 9 June.[19] After losing their second game, 2–1 against Japan, Scotland needed to win their third game against Argentina to qualify for the last 16 as a third-placed team.[20] They appeared to be heading for qualification when they took a 3–0 lead, but they conceded three late goals to draw 3–3 and exited at the group stage.[20]

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