Science

  • the universe represented as multiple disk-shaped slices across time, which passes from left to right.

    science (from the latin word scientia, meaning "knowledge")[1] is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.[2][3][4]

    the earliest roots of science can be traced to ancient egypt and mesopotamia in around 3500 to 3000 bce.[5][6] their contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and medicine entered and shaped greek natural philosophy of classical antiquity, whereby formal attempts were made to provide explanations of events in the physical world based on natural causes.[5][6] after the fall of the western roman empire, knowledge of greek conceptions of the world deteriorated in western europe during the early centuries (400 to 1000 ce) of the middle ages[7] but was preserved in the muslim world during the islamic golden age.[8] the recovery and assimilation of greek works and islamic inquiries into western europe from the 10th to 13th century revived "natural philosophy",[7][9] which was later transformed by the scientific revolution that began in the 16th century[10] as new ideas and discoveries departed from previous greek conceptions and traditions.[11][12][13][14] the scientific method soon played a greater role in knowledge creation and it was not until the 19th century that many of the institutional and professional features of science began to take shape;[15][16][17] along with the changing of "natural philosophy" to "natural science."[18]

    modern science is typically divided into three major branches that consist of the natural sciences (e.g., biology, chemistry, and physics), which study nature in the broadest sense; the social sciences (e.g., economics, psychology, and sociology), which study individuals and societies; and the formal sciences (e.g., logic, mathematics, and theoretical computer science), which study abstract concepts. there is disagreement,[19][20] however, on whether the formal sciences actually constitute a science as they do not rely on empirical evidence.[21] disciplines that use existing scientific knowledge for practical purposes, such as engineering and medicine, are described as applied sciences.[22][23][24][25]

    science is based on research, which is commonly conducted in academic and research institutions as well as in government agencies and companies. the practical impact of scientific research has led to the emergence of science policies that seek to influence the scientific enterprise by prioritizing the development of commercial products, armaments, health care, and environmental protection.

  • history
  • branches of science
  • scientific research
  • scientific community
  • science and the public
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

The Universe represented as multiple disk-shaped slices across time, which passes from left to right.

Science (from the Latin word scientia, meaning "knowledge")[1] is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.[2][3][4]

The earliest roots of science can be traced to Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in around 3500 to 3000 BCE.[5][6] Their contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and medicine entered and shaped Greek natural philosophy of classical antiquity, whereby formal attempts were made to provide explanations of events in the physical world based on natural causes.[5][6] After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, knowledge of Greek conceptions of the world deteriorated in Western Europe during the early centuries (400 to 1000 CE) of the Middle Ages[7] but was preserved in the Muslim world during the Islamic Golden Age.[8] The recovery and assimilation of Greek works and Islamic inquiries into Western Europe from the 10th to 13th century revived "natural philosophy",[7][9] which was later transformed by the Scientific Revolution that began in the 16th century[10] as new ideas and discoveries departed from previous Greek conceptions and traditions.[11][12][13][14] The scientific method soon played a greater role in knowledge creation and it was not until the 19th century that many of the institutional and professional features of science began to take shape;[15][16][17] along with the changing of "natural philosophy" to "natural science."[18]

Modern science is typically divided into three major branches that consist of the natural sciences (e.g., biology, chemistry, and physics), which study nature in the broadest sense; the social sciences (e.g., economics, psychology, and sociology), which study individuals and societies; and the formal sciences (e.g., logic, mathematics, and theoretical computer science), which study abstract concepts. There is disagreement,[19][20] however, on whether the formal sciences actually constitute a science as they do not rely on empirical evidence.[21] Disciplines that use existing scientific knowledge for practical purposes, such as engineering and medicine, are described as applied sciences.[22][23][24][25]

Science is based on research, which is commonly conducted in academic and research institutions as well as in government agencies and companies. The practical impact of scientific research has led to the emergence of science policies that seek to influence the scientific enterprise by prioritizing the development of commercial products, armaments, health care, and environmental protection.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Wetenskap
Akan: Nyansahu
Alemannisch: Wissenschaft
አማርኛ: ሳይንስ
Ænglisc: Witancræft
العربية: علم
aragonés: Sciencia
Արեւմտահայերէն: Գիտութիւն
armãneashti: Științâ
অসমীয়া: বিজ্ঞান
asturianu: Ciencia
Avañe'ẽ: Tembikuaaty
авар: ГIелму
Aymar aru: Yatxatawi
azərbaycanca: Elm
تۆرکجه: علم
bamanankan: Dɔnniya
বাংলা: বিজ্ঞান
Banjar: Sains
Bân-lâm-gú: Kho-ha̍k
Basa Banyumasan: Ilmu
башҡортса: Фән
беларуская: Навука
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Навука
भोजपुरी: बिज्ञान
Bislama: Saens
български: Наука
Boarisch: Wissnschoft
བོད་ཡིག: ཚན་རིག
bosanski: Nauka
brezhoneg: Skiant
буряад: Эрдэм ухаан
català: Ciència
Чӑвашла: Ăслăх
Cebuano: Siyensya
čeština: Věda
chiShona: Science
chiTumbuka: Sayansi
Cymraeg: Gwyddoniaeth
dansk: Videnskab
Deutsch: Wissenschaft
eesti: Teadus
Ελληνικά: Επιστήμη
эрзянь: Тона
español: Ciencia
Esperanto: Scienco
estremeñu: Céncia
euskara: Zientzia
فارسی: علم
Fiji Hindi: Vigyan
français: Science
Frysk: Wittenskip
furlan: Sience
Gaeilge: Eolaíocht
Gàidhlig: Saidheans
galego: Ciencia
ГӀалгӀай: Ӏилма
贛語: 科學
ગુજરાતી: વિજ્ઞાન
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Khô-ho̍k
한국어: 과학
Hawaiʻi: Akeakamai
հայերեն: Գիտություն
हिन्दी: विज्ञान
hrvatski: Znanost
Ido: Cienco
Igbo: Amamihe
Ilokano: Siensia
Bahasa Indonesia: Ilmu
interlingua: Scientia
Interlingue: Scientie
Ирон: Зонад
isiXhosa: Inzululwazi
isiZulu: Isayensi
íslenska: Vísindi
italiano: Scienza
עברית: מדע
Jawa: Èlmu
Kabɩyɛ: Lɛɣtʋ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ವಿಜ್ಞಾನ
къарачай-малкъар: Илму
ქართული: მეცნიერება
kaszëbsczi: Ùczba
қазақша: Ғылым
kernowek: Godhonieth
Kiswahili: Sayansi
Kongo: Kizabu
Kreyòl ayisyen: Syans
kriyòl gwiyannen: Syans
kurdî: Zanist
Кыргызча: Илим
Ladino: Sensia
latviešu: Zinātne
Lëtzebuergesch: Wëssenschaft
лезги: Илим
lietuvių: Mokslas
Limburgs: Weitesjap
Lingua Franca Nova: Siensa
la .lojban.: saske
lumbaart: Scienza
magyar: Tudomány
मैथिली: विज्ञान
македонски: Наука
Malagasy: Siansa
മലയാളം: ശാസ്ത്രം
Malti: Xjenza
Māori: Pūtaiao
मराठी: विज्ञान
მარგალური: მენცარობა
مصرى: علم
ဘာသာ မန်: သိပ္ပံ
Bahasa Melayu: Sains
Minangkabau: Sains
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Kuŏ-hŏk
Mirandés: Ciéncia
မြန်မာဘာသာ: သိပ္ပံပညာ
Nāhuatl: Tlamatiliztli
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Vakadidike
Nederlands: Wetenschap
Nedersaksies: Wetenschop
नेपाली: विज्ञान
नेपाल भाषा: दुसिका
日本語: 科学
ߒߞߏ: ߟߐ߲ߞߏ
нохчийн: Ӏилма
Nordfriisk: Wedenskap
Norfuk / Pitkern: Saiens
norsk: Vitenskap
norsk nynorsk: Vitskap
Nouormand: Scienche
occitan: Sciéncia
олык марий: Шанче
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବିଜ୍ଞାନ
Oromoo: Saayinsii
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fan
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵਿਗਿਆਨ
پنجابی: سائنس
Papiamentu: Siensia
پښتو: پوهنه
Patois: Sayans
ភាសាខ្មែរ: វិទ្យាសាស្ត្រ
Picard: Scienches
Piemontèis: Siensa
Plattdüütsch: Wetenschop
polski: Nauka
português: Ciência
Qaraqalpaqsha: Ilim
qırımtatarca: İlim
română: Știință
rumantsch: Scienza
Runa Simi: Hamut'ay
русиньскый: Наука
русский: Наука
саха тыла: Үөрэх
Gagana Samoa: Saienisi
संस्कृतम्: विज्ञानम्
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ
Scots: Science
Sesotho: Sayense
Sesotho sa Leboa: Thutamahlale
shqip: Shkenca
sicilianu: Scienza
Simple English: Science
سنڌي: سائنس
SiSwati: Isayensi
slovenčina: Veda
slovenščina: Znanost
Soomaaliga: Saynis
کوردی: زانست
Sranantongo: Skoro
српски / srpski: Наука
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nauka
Sunda: Élmu
suomi: Tiede
svenska: Vetenskap
Tagalog: Agham
தமிழ்: அறிவியல்
татарча/tatarça: Фән
тоҷикӣ: Илм
lea faka-Tonga: Saienisi
Tshivenda: Saintsi
ತುಳು: ವಿಜ್ಞಾನ
Türkçe: Bilim
Türkmençe: Ylym
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: ᨔᨕᨗᨊᨔ
українська: Наука
اردو: سائنس
Vahcuengh: Gohyoz
vèneto: Sienza
vepsän kel’: Tedo
Tiếng Việt: Khoa học
Volapük: Nolav
Võro: Tiidüs
walon: Syince
文言: 格致
West-Vlams: Weetnschap
Winaray: Syensya
Wolof: Xam-xam
吴语: 科学
Xitsonga: Sayensi
ייִדיש: וויסנשאפט
Yorùbá: Sáyẹ́nsì
粵語: 科學
Zazaki: Şınasiye
žemaitėška: Muokslos
中文: 科学