The Roman soil preserved the remembrance of a very remote time during which Saturn and
Janus reigned on the site of the city before its foundation: the Capitol was named mons Saturnius.
 The Romans identified Saturn with the Greek
Cronus, whose myths were adapted for
Latin literature and
Roman art. In particular, Cronus's role in the genealogy of the Greek gods was transferred to Saturn. As early as
Livius Andronicus (3rd century BC),
Jupiter was called the son of Saturn.
Saturn had two consorts who represented different aspects of the god. The name of his wife
Ops, the Roman equivalent of Greek
Rhea, means "wealth, abundance, resources."
 The association with Ops is considered a later development, however, as this goddess was originally paired with
 Earlier was Saturn's association with
Lua ("destruction, dissolution, loosening"), a goddess who received the bloodied weapons of enemies destroyed in war.
Under Saturn's rule, humans enjoyed the spontaneous bounty of the earth without labour in the "Golden Age" described by