Satis (goddess)

Satis
Goddess of the Nile flood
Satis worshiped by Sobekhotep III - 83d40m - Brooklyn Museum.JPG
Satis being worshiped by Pharaoh Sobekhotep III ( Dynasty XIII), c. 1760 BC
Name in hieroglyphs
S29 F29 X1
X1
B1
[1] [2] [a]
Major cult center Abu ( Elephantine)
Symbol Hedjet crown; antelope; ankh; bow; arrow; flowing river; Sirius
Consort Montu; Khnum; Ra
Offspring Anuket
A stela including the Elephantine Triad ( Dynasty XVIII).
A Ptolemaic-period representation of Satis

Satis ( Egyptian: Sṯt or Sṯı͗t, [8] lit. "Pourer" or "Shooter"), also known by numerous related names, was an Upper Egyptian goddess who, along with Khnum and Anuket, formed part of the Elephantine Triad. A protective deity of Egypt's southern border with Nubia, she came to personify the former annual flooding of the Nile and to serve as a war, hunting, and fertility goddess.

She was sometimes conflated with Isis and Sopdet, goddess of the bright star Sirius, [9] which the Egyptians connected with the onset of the Nile flooding. Under the Interpretatio Graeca, she was conflated with Hera [9] and Juno.

Names

The exact pronunciation of ancient Egyptian is uncertain, as vowels were not recorded until a very late period. In transcription, the goddess's name also appears as Setis, Sati, Setet, Satet, Satit, and Sathit. [1] Derived from sṯ, meaning "eject", "shoot", "pour", or "throw", her name can be variously translated as "She who Shoots" or "She who Pours" depending on which of her roles is being emphasized. [1]

Her name was originally written with the hieroglyph for a linen garment's shoulder knot ( S29); this was later replaced by Anuket's animal hide pierced by an arrow ( F29). [9] She was also known by epithets, such as "Mistress of Elephantine" [9] and "She Who Runs Like an Arrow", thought to refer to the flowing river current.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Satet
العربية: ساتت
български: Сатис (богиня)
Deutsch: Satis
Ελληνικά: Σατέτ
español: Satet
euskara: Satis
français: Satis
한국어: 사티스
hrvatski: Satis
italiano: Satet
ქართული: სატისი
მარგალური: სატისი
Bahasa Melayu: Dewi Satet
Nederlands: Satet
日本語: サテト
norsk: Satis
polski: Satis
português: Sátis
svenska: Satis
українська: Сатіс
اردو: ساتی
中文: 萨提特