San Mateo County, California

San Mateo County, California
County
County of San Mateo
Mount Diablo from SF Bay Discovery Site 10-2-2011 4-24-09 PM.JPG
Redwood City port aerial view.jpg San Bruno Mountain California.jpg
Filoli.JPG SSF Hillside Sign 2.JPG
Point Montara Panorama.jpg
Official seal of San Mateo County, California
Seal
Motto(s): All of California in One County
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Coordinates: 37°26′N 122°22′W / 37°26′N 122°22′W / 37.44; -122.36
Country  United States
State   California
Region San Francisco Bay Area
Incorporated 19 April 1856 [1]
Named for Saint Matthew (English translation)
County seat Redwood City
Largest city Daly City (population)
Redwood City (area)
Area
 • Total 744 sq mi (1,930 km2)
 • Land 448 sq mi (1,160 km2)
 • Water 293 sq mi (760 km2)
Highest elevation [2] 2,603 ft (793 m)
Population ( April 1, 2010) [3]
 • Total 718,451
 • Estimate (2016) [4] 764,797
 • Density 970/sq mi (370/km2)
Time zone Pacific Time Zone ( UTC-8)
 • Summer ( DST) Pacific Daylight Time ( UTC-7)
Area codes 415/628, 650
FIPS code 06-081
GNIS feature ID 277305
Website www.smcgov.org

San Mateo County ( / TAY-oh; Spanish for " Saint Matthew") is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 718,451. [3] The county seat is Redwood City. [5]

San Mateo County is included in the San Francisco- Oakland- Hayward, Calif. Metropolitan Statistical Area, and is part of the San Francisco Bay Area, the nine counties bordering San Francisco Bay. It covers most of the San Francisco Peninsula. San Francisco International Airport is located at the northern end of the county, and Silicon Valley begins at the southern end. The county's built-up areas are mostly suburban with some areas being very urban, and are home to several corporate campuses.

History

San Mateo County was formed in 1856 after San Francisco County, one of the state's 18 original counties since California's statehood in 1850, was split apart. Until 1856, San Francisco's city limits extended west to Divisadero Street and Castro Street, and south to 20th Street. In response to the lawlessness and vigilantism that escalated rapidly between 1855 and 1856, the California government decided to divide the county. A straight line was then drawn across the tip of the San Francisco Peninsula just north of San Bruno Mountain. Everything south of the line became the new San Mateo County while everything north of the line became the new consolidated City and County of San Francisco, to date the only consolidated city-county in California. [6] [7] The consolidated city-county of San Francisco was formed by a bill introduced by Horace Hawes, signed by the governor on 19 April 1856. San Mateo County was officially organized on 18 April 1857 under a bill introduced by Senator T.G. Phelps. The 1857 bill defined the southern boundary of San Mateo County as following the south branch of San Francisquito Creek to its source in the Santa Cruz Mountains and thence due west to the Pacific Ocean, and named Redwood City as the county seat. [8] San Mateo County then annexed part of northern Santa Cruz County in March 1868, including Pescadero and Pigeon Point. [6] [8]

Although the forming bill named Redwood City the county seat, a May 1856 election marked by "unblushing frauds ... perpetuated on an unorganized and wholly unprotected community by thugs and ballot stuffers from San Francisco" named Belmont the county seat. [9] The election results were declared illegal and the county government was moved to Redwood City, with land being donated from the original Pulgas Grant for the county government on 27 February 1858. [9] Redwood City's status as county seat was upheld in two succeeding elections in May 1861 and 9 December 1873, defeating San Mateo and Belmont. [9] Another election in May 1874 named San Mateo the county seat, but the state supreme court overturned that election on 24 February 1875 and the county seat has been in Redwood City since. [9]

San Mateo County bears the Spanish name for Saint Matthew. As a place name, San Mateo appears as early as 1776 and several local geographic features were also designated San Mateo on early maps including variously: a settlement, an arroyo, a headland jutting into the Pacific ( Point Montara), and a large land holding ( Rancho San Mateo). Until about 1850, the name appeared as San Matheo.

Other Languages
български: Сан Матео (окръг)
čeština: San Mateo County
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: সান মাতেউ কাউন্টি, ক্যালিফোর্নিয়া
Nederlands: San Mateo County
Plattdüütsch: San Mateo County
српски / srpski: Округ Сан Матео
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: San Mateo County, California