Samogitia

Samogitia
Žemaitija
Žemaitėjė
Ethnographic region
Samogitian landscape near Tverai
Samogitian landscape near Tverai
Flag of Samogitia
Flag
Coat of arms of Samogitia
Coat of arms
Motto: Patria una
Map of Europe indicating Lithuania and Samogitia
Location of Samogitia in Europe
Coordinates: 56°00′0″N 22°15′0″E / 56°00′0″N 22°15′0″E / 56.00000; 22.25000
Country Lithuania
Capital Telšiai
Largest city Šiauliai
Area
 • Total 21,000 km2 (8,000 sq mi)
Population
 • Ethnicity Samogitians, Lithuanians
 • Languages Lithuanian ( Samogitian)
Demonym(s)
Website Unofficial website

Samogitia or Žemaitija ( Samogitian: Žemaitėjė; Lithuanian: Žemaitija; see below for alternate and historical names) is one of the five ethnographic regions of Lithuania. Žemaitija is located in northwestern Lithuania. Its largest city is Šiauliai. Žemaitija has a long and distinct cultural history, reflected in the existence of the Samogitian dialect.

Etymology and alternate names

Ruthenian sources mentioned the region as жемотьская земля, jemotskaia zemlia; this gave rise to its Polish form, Żmudź, and probably to the Middle High German Sameiten, Samaythen. In Latin texts, the name is usually written as Samogitia, Samogetia etc. [1] The area has long been known to its residents and to other Lithuanians exclusively as Žemaitija (the name Samogitia is no longer in use within Lithuania and has not been used for at least two centuries). Žemaitija means "lowlands" in Lithuanian. [2] The region is also known in English as Lower Lithuania or, in reference to its Yiddish names, Zamet or Zhamot. [1] [3] [4] [5]

Other Languages
Aymar aru: Samuxitya
azərbaycanca: Jemaytiya
беларуская: Жамойць
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Жамойць
български: Жемайтия
brezhoneg: Žemaitija
català: Samogítia
čeština: Žmuď
dansk: Žemaitija
Deutsch: Samogitien
eesti: Žemaitija
español: Samogitia
Esperanto: Ĵemajtio
euskara: Samogitia
فارسی: ژمایتیا
français: Samogitie
galego: Samoxicia
한국어: 사모기티아
Bahasa Indonesia: Samogitia
italiano: Samogizia
עברית: זאמוט
ქართული: ჟემაიტია
latviešu: Žemaitija
lietuvių: Žemaitija
magyar: Szamogitia
Nederlands: Samogitië
norsk: Samogitia
norsk nynorsk: Samogitia
олык марий: Жемайтий
Plattdüütsch: Schemaitien
polski: Żmudź
português: Samogícia
русский: Жемайтия
slovenčina: Žmuď
ślůnski: Žmudź
svenska: Samogitien
Türkçe: Samogitya
українська: Жмудь
žemaitėška: Žemaitėjė