Salisbury

City of Salisbury
Salisbury Cathedral from Old George Mall.jpg
Salisbury Cathedral from the Old George Mall in July 2016
City of Salisbury is located in Wiltshire
City of Salisbury
City of Salisbury
City of Salisbury shown within Wiltshire
Population40,302 (civil parish, 2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSU145305
• London78 miles (126 km)
Civil parish
  • Salisbury
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSALISBURY
Postcode districtSP1, SP2
Dialling code01722
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°04′26″N 1°47′37″W / 51°04′26″N 1°47′37″W / 51.0740; -1.7936

Salisbury (locally i/ SAWZ-bər-ee)[a] is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, with a population of 40,302,[1] at the confluence of the rivers Avon, Nadder, Ebble, Wylye and Bourne. The city is approximately 20 miles (32 km) from Southampton and 30 miles (48 km) from Bath.

Salisbury is in the southeast of Wiltshire, near the edge of Salisbury Plain. Salisbury Cathedral was formerly north of the city at Old Sarum. Following the cathedral's relocation, a settlement grew up around it which received a city charter in 1227 as New Sarum, which continued to be its official name until 2009 when Salisbury City Council was established. Salisbury railway station is an interchange between the West of England Main Line and the Wessex Main Line.

Stonehenge, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Salisbury.

Name

The name Salisbury, which is first recorded around the year 900 as Searoburg (dative Searobyrig), is a partial translation of the Roman Celtic name Sorviodūnum. The Brittonic suffix -dūnon, meaning "fortress" (in reference to the fort that stood at Old Sarum), was replaced by its Old English equivalent -burg. The first part of the name is of obscure origin. The form "Sarum" is a Latinization of Sar, a medieval abbreviation for Middle English Sarisberie.[3]

The two names for the city, Salisbury and Sarum, are humorously alluded to in a 1928 limerick from Punch:

There was an old Sultan of Salisbury
Who wanted some wives for his halisbury,
So he had them sent down
By a fast train from town,
For he thought that his motor would scalisbury.[4]

as well as in a 1963 limerick (which relies on knowledge that the neighbouring county of Hampshire is commonly abbreviated as 'Hants') printed within Pan's Book of Limericks:

There was a young curate of Salisbury
Whose manners were quite halisbury-scalisbury
He would wander round Hampshire
Without any pampshire
Till the Vicar compelled him to walisbury.

Salisbury appeared in the Welsh Chronicle of the Britons as Caer-Caradog, Caer-Gradawc and Caer-Wallawg.[5][6][7] Cair-Caratauc, one of the 28 British cities listed in the History of the Britons, has also been identified with Salisbury.[8][9]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Salisbury
አማርኛ: ሳልዝብሪ
Ænglisc: Searoburg
Bân-lâm-gú: Salisbury
български: Солсбъри
català: Salisbury
čeština: Salisbury
Cymraeg: Caersallog
dansk: Salisbury
Deutsch: Salisbury
eesti: Salisbury
Ελληνικά: Σόλσμπερι
español: Salisbury
Esperanto: Salisbury
euskara: Salisbury
فارسی: سالزبری
Gaeilge: Salisbury
한국어: 솔즈베리
Bahasa Indonesia: Salisbury, Inggris
íslenska: Salisbury
italiano: Salisbury
עברית: סולסברי
Latina: Sarisberia
latviešu: Solsberi
lietuvių: Solsberis
magyar: Salisbury
مصرى: سولسبرى
مازِرونی: سالزبری
norsk: Salisbury
norsk nynorsk: Salisbury
occitan: Salisbury
پنجابی: سالسبری
polski: Salisbury
português: Salisbury
română: Salisbury
русский: Солсбери
Scots: Salisbury
Simple English: Salisbury
slovenčina: Salisbury
slovenščina: Salisbury
ślůnski: Salisbury
српски / srpski: Солсбери
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Salisbury
suomi: Salisbury
svenska: Salisbury
Türkçe: Salisbury
українська: Солсбері
اردو: سالسبری
Tiếng Việt: Salisbury
Volapük: Salisbury
Winaray: Salisbury
粵語: 梳士巴利