Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg
Санкт-Петербург (Russian)
—  Federal city  —

Clockwise from top left: Peter and Paul Fortress on Zayachy Island, Smolny Cathedral, Bronze Horseman on Senate Square, the Winter Palace, Trinity Cathedral, and the Moyka river with the General Staff Building.

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 59°56′15″N 30°18′31″E / 59°56′15″N 30°18′31″E / 59.93750; 30.30861
CountryRussia
Federal districtNorthwestern[1]
Economic regionNorthwestern[2]
Established27 May 1703 (1703-05-27)[3]
Federal city day27 May[4]
Government (as of March 2010)
 • GovernorGeorgy Poltavchenko (UR)
 • LegislatureLegislative Assembly
Statistics
Area [5]
 • Total1,439 km2 (556 sq mi)
Area rank82nd
Population (2017 est.)
 • Total5,323,300 (permanent residents within city limits) (4th rank after Moscow, Moscow Oblast, and Krasnodar Krai)[6]
Time zone(s)MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
ISO 3166-2RU-SPE
License plates78, 98, 178, 198
Official languagesRussian[8]
Official website

Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, tr. Sankt-Peterburg, IPA: [ˈsankt pʲɪtʲɪrˈburk] (About this sound listen)) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012,[9] part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015). An important Russian port on the Baltic Sea, it has a status of a federal subject (a federal city).

Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea, it was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 27 May [O.S. 16 May] 1703. On 1 September 1914, the name was changed from Saint Petersburg to Petrograd (Russian: Петрогра́д, IPA: [pʲɪtrɐˈgrat]), on 26 January 1924 to Leningrad (Russian: Ленингра́д, IPA: [lʲɪnʲɪnˈgrat]), and on 1 October 1991 back to Saint Petersburg.[10] Between 1713 and 1728 and in 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the capital of Imperial Russia. In 1918, the central government bodies moved to Moscow,[11] which is about 625 km (388 miles) to the south-east.

Saint Petersburg is one of the most modern cities of Russia, as well as its cultural capital.[12] The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint Petersburg is home to the Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world.[13]Many foreign consulates, international corporations, banks and businesses have offices in Saint Petersburg.

Name

An admirer of everything German, Peter the Great originally named the city, Sankt-Peterburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербург;[a] note that the Russian name lacks the letter s between Peter and burg).[14] On 1 September 1914, after the outbreak of World War I, the Imperial government renamed the city Petrograd (Russian: Петрогра́д[a], IPA: [pʲɪtrɐˈgrat]),[15] meaning "Peter's city", in order to expunge the German name Sankt and Burg. On 26 January 1924 it was renamed to Leningrad (Russian: Ленингра́д, IPA: [lʲɪnʲɪnˈgrat]), meaning "Lenin's City". On 6 September 1991, the original name, Sankt-Peterburg, was returned. Today, in English the city is known as "Saint Petersburg". Local residents often refer to the city by its shortened nickname, Piter (Russian: Пи́тер, IPA: [ˈpʲitʲɪr]).

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Бытырбыху
Afrikaans: Sint Petersburg
Alemannisch: Sankt Petersburg
العربية: سانت بطرسبرغ
aragonés: Sant Petersburgo
asturianu: San Petersburgu
Avañe'ẽ: San Petersburgo
Aymar aru: Santu Pitirwurhu
azərbaycanca: Sankt-Peterburq
bamanankan: Saint Petersburg
Bân-lâm-gú: Sankt-Peterburg
башҡортса: Санкт-Петербург
беларуская: Санкт-Пецярбург
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Санкт-Пецярбург
Bislama: San-Peterburg
български: Санкт Петербург
bosanski: Sankt Peterburg
brezhoneg: Sant-Petersbourg
čeština: Petrohrad
Chi-Chewa: Saint Petersburg
chiTumbuka: Saint Petersburg
Cymraeg: St Petersburg
dolnoserbski: Sankt Petersburg
eesti: Peterburi
español: San Petersburgo
Esperanto: Sankt-Peterburgo
estremeñu: San Petersburgu
Fiji Hindi: Saint Petersburg
føroyskt: St. Pætursborg
Gàidhlig: Sankt Peterburg
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sankt-Peterburg
hornjoserbsce: Pětrohród
hrvatski: Sankt-Peterburg
Bahasa Indonesia: Sankt-Peterburg
interlingua: Sancte Petroburgo
italiano: San Pietroburgo
Basa Jawa: St. Petersburg
kalaallisut: Sankt Petersborg
къарачай-малкъар: Санкт-Петербург
kernowek: Sen Pederburg
Kiswahili: Sankt Peterburg
Kreyòl ayisyen: Saint-Pétersbourg
кырык мары: Санкт-Петербург
latgaļu: Pīterpiļs
Latina: Petropolis
latviešu: Sanktpēterburga
Lëtzebuergesch: Sankt Péitersbuerg
Limburgs: Sint-Petersburg
Livvinkarjala: Piiteri
la .lojban.: sankt. peterburg
lumbaart: San Pederburgh
македонски: Санкт Петербург
مازِرونی: سن پترزبورگ
Bahasa Melayu: Saint Petersburg
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Sankt-Peterburg
Mirandés: San Petersburgo
Dorerin Naoero: St. Petersburg
Nederlands: Sint-Petersburg
Nedersaksies: Sint-Petersborg
Napulitano: San Pietroburgo
norsk nynorsk: St. Petersburg
олык марий: Санкт-Петербург
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sankt-Peterburg
Перем Коми: Петракар
Piemontèis: San Peroborgh
Plattdüütsch: Sankt Petersborg
polski: Petersburg
português: São Petersburgo
Qaraqalpaqsha: Sankt Peterburg
qırımtatarca: Sankt Peterburg
Runa Simi: Sankt Peterburg
русиньскый: Санкт-Петербурґ
sicilianu: San Pietruburgu
Simple English: Saint Petersburg
slovenčina: Petrohrad
slovenščina: Sankt Peterburg
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Санктъ Пєтєрбоургъ
ślůnski: Pejtersburg
Soomaaliga: Saint Petersburg
српски / srpski: Санкт Петербург
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sankt Peterburg
Taqbaylit: Saint-Petersburg
tarandíne: San Pitreburghe
татарча/tatarça: Питырбур
Türkçe: Sankt-Peterburg
Türkmençe: Sankt-Peterburg
українська: Санкт-Петербург
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Sankt-Pétérburg
vepsän kel’: Piter
Tiếng Việt: Sankt-Peterburg
Volapük: Sankt-Peterburg
Võro: Peterburk
文言: 聖彼得堡
West-Vlams: Sint-Petersburg
吴语: 圣彼得堡
ייִדיש: פעטערבורג
粵語: 聖彼得堡
žemaitėška: Sankt Peterborgs
中文: 圣彼得堡